Navigation Links
Research examines approaches to treating substance abuse among African-Americans

A new study is the first to examine the effectiveness of a widely used counseling approach to treating substance abuse among African-Americans. The study found that African-American women were more likely than men to continue a counseling approach to treating substance abuse, but their substance-abuse issues continued. The study led by LaTrice Montgomery, a doctoral student in the University of Cincinnati Department of Psychology, is published this month in "Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology," a journal of the American Psychological Association.

The study investigated the effectiveness of Motivational Enhancement Therapy (MET) compared with the standard treatment, Counseling as Usual (CAU) two clinical approaches to treating substance abuse among African-Americans. The study, a secondary analysis of a clinical trial by the Clinical Trials Network of the National Institute of Drug Abuse, was a rare examination of both treatment retention rates and the effectiveness of MET in reducing drug abuse, specifically among African-Americans.

Motivation Enhancement Therapy is designed to address the ambivalence surrounding substance abuse treatment, whether abusers are at the stage where they're ready to live a substance-free life or whether they're against any treatment.

"The idea of MET is for counselors to help patients build motivation and strengthen commitment to behavior change," Montgomery says. "One technique that is commonly used in MET to facilitate this process is the use of decisional balance exercises which help patients examine the pros and cons of substance use."

"An example would be a patient discussing what he or she considers the 'pros' of substance use, such as drinking alcohol to reduce anxiety," explains Montgomery. "However, despite its ability to help reduce the patient's anxiety, the patient might also acknowledge that heavy drinking negatively influences their interpersonal relationships."

Montgomery added, "The task of the therapist in this situation would be to help the patient develop more reasons to change and identify more effective ways to reduce anxiety."

Previous research has suggested that the toll of substance abuse on African-Americans is greater than on other groups, not only in terms of health but also in the legal system.

The study compared the effectiveness of motivational enhancement therapy compared with counseling as usual over a 16-week period. The participants in the study were 194 African-Americans who were seeking outpatient substance abuse treatment at five different community-based treatment programs across the nation. The study included 146 African-American males (75.3 percent) and 48 females (24.7 percent), with the age of the participants averaging 37.5 years old. They were seeking treatment for issues such as cocaine abuse (25.8 percent), alcohol abuse (26.3 percent) and marijuana abuse (18 percent).

The study revealed higher retention rates among women in MET than in CAU. Men in MET and CAU did not differ in retention.

Among both genders, men and women in MET reported more days per week of substance abuse than participants in CAU.

"Previous studies have suggested that ethnic minorities in MET report more success in reducing substance abuse than non-ethnic minorities, but the studies combined several ethnic groups," explains Montgomery. "This research was examining the effectiveness of the treatment specifically for African-Americans."

"I think MET has a lot of value, in terms of being non-confrontational and non-judgmental as well as supporting self-efficacy," Montgomery says. "We found that the women stayed in MET treatment longer, but they didn't reduce their substance use. That's where my research is taking me now."


Contact: Dawn Fuller
University of Cincinnati

Related medicine news :

1. New national research center for bowel disease in London will be a UK first
2. Avoiding bias in medical research
3. SUNY receives $4.3 million for research in neuroscience, pediatric pharmacology and vision
4. Researchers engineer a new way to inhibit allergic reactions without side effects
5. USDA research demonstrates new breeds of broccoli remain packed with health benefits
6. National Jewish Health researchers awarded $13 million to evaluate treatments for toxic gases
7. Researchers discover hidden genetic influence on cancer
8. Toronto researchers find first physical evidence bilingualism delays onset of Alzheimers symptoms
9. Salk to accelerate brain research with $4.5 million NIH grant
10. US Army awards $1.5 million for sleep research
11. Terry Fox Research Institute aims to change diagnosis and management of ovarian cancer worldwide
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/30/2015)... , ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... Beard and Brooke Bennett are collaborating with brands across various categories through traditional ... influential figures make up an elite group of Gold Medal Moms who can ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... The National ... 2015-2016 inductee into its VIP Woman of the Year Circle. She is recognized ... networking organization exclusively for professional women, boasting 850,000 members and over 200 operating ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... 30, 2015 , ... During the National Family Caregivers Month, ... two webinars on topics of ‘Medical and Palliative Care Decisions,’ and ‘Self-Care for ... . , With a loved one's diagnosis of mesothelioma, the closest family member ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... MOSI recently added two state-of-the-art augmented reality ... to the Jurassic to their collection of interactive exhibits within the Kids In Charge! ... will allow guests to get closer than ever to a range of animals as ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... across the United States to access life-saving information provided directly from top ... will consist of three individual conferences in three major cities: Houston, San Francisco, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2015)... 2015 --> --> ... Market by Product (Soft Tissue, All Tissue, Dental Welding Lasers), ... and Geography - Global Forecast to 2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, ... a CAGR of 5.2% during the forecast period from 2015 ... and 62 Figures spread through 167 P ages and ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... Oramed Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ORMP ), a clinical-stage ... delivery systems, announced today it has signed definitive licensing ... of Technologies Co., Ltd. ("HTIT") for exclusive rights to ... China , Hong Kong ... signed at the Israel Knesset (Parliament). ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... , Nov. 30, 2015   Nuance Communications, Inc. ... National Decision Support Company (NDSC) today jointly announced ... collaboration capabilities that utilize the American College of Radiology,s ... provider organizations to comply with current and emerging ... --> By combining clinical decision support, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: