Navigation Links
Research creates nanoparticles perfectly formed to tackle cancer
Date:6/6/2011

Researchers from the University of Hull have discovered a way to load up nanoparticles with large numbers of light-sensitive molecules to create a more effective form of photodynamic therapy (PDT) for treating cancer.

Photodynamic therapy uses molecules which, when irradiated with light, cause irreparable damage to cells by creating toxic forms of oxygen, called reactive oxygen species. Most PDT works with individual light-sensitive molecules but the new nanoparticles could each carry hundreds of molecules to a cancer site.

A number of different light-sensitive molecules collectively known as photosensitisers are used in PDT and each absorbs a very specific part of the light spectrum. The research team from the University of Hull's Department of Chemistry - placed one kind of photosensitiser inside each nanoparticle and another on the outside, which meant that far more reactive oxygen species could be created from the same amount of light. The findings are published in the current issue of Molecular Pharmaceutics.

The nanoparticles have also been designed to be the perfect size and shape to penetrate easily into the tumour, as lead researcher, Dr Ross Boyle, explains.

"Small cancer tumours get nutrients and oxygen by diffusion, but once tumours reach a certain size, they need to create blood vessels to continue growing, " he says. "These new blood vessels, or neovasculature, are 'leaky' because the vessel walls are not as tightly knit as normal blood vessels. Our nanoparticles have been designed so the pressure in the blood vessels will push them through the space between the cells to get into the tumour tissue."

The nanoparticles are made from a material that limits the leaching of its contents while in the bloodstream, but when activated with light, at the tumour, the toxic reactive oxygen species can diffuse freely out of the particles; meaning that damage is confined to the area of the cancer.

The researchers tested the nanoparticles on colon cancer cells, and while they were able to penetrate the cells, they also found that the nanoparticles could still be effective when near rather than inside the cancer cells.

"Some types of cancer cell are able to expel conventional drugs, so if we can make this kind of therapy work simply by getting the nanoparticles between the cancer cells, rather than inside them, it could be very beneficial," says Dr Boyle.


'/>"/>

Contact: Dr Ross Boyle
r.w.boyle@hull.ac.uk
44-148-246-6353
University of Hull
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Embedded Mobile & M2M Device revenues to Rise to Almost $19 Billion Globally by 2014, Says Juniper Research
2. 2010 HSR Impact Award recognizes surgical safety research
3. MSU launches first anti-counterfeiting research program
4. Researchers map all the fragile sites of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiaes genome
5. UH Case Medical Center researchers publish promising findings for advanced cervical cancer
6. Researchers discover new way to kill pediatric brain tumors
7. Family Research Council: Planned Parenthood Report Oversexualizes Ten-Year-Olds, Undermines Parental Authority
8. Michael J. Fox Foundation Awards $1 Million to Drive Critical New Research Tools and Technologies in Parkinsons Drug Development
9. Luth Researchs IndicatorEDG(TM) Study Finds Americans Hopes of Achieving Their Dreams Are Fading
10. International Diabetes Federation awards $2 million to 9 global diabetes research projects
11. Gladstones Robert Mahley to receive Research!America advocacy award
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... Remember the old saying “rub some ... to Perry A~, author of “Calcium Bentonite Clay” the health benefits of integrating clay ... and detoxifying the body. , A former motivational speaker, Perry A~ has since dedicated ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Discover the Rocky Mountain region’s longest running and impressive garden ... Attendees also get to see the most incredible gardens and home improvement experts that ... the Colorado Convention Center - 700 14th St. Denver CO, is an exciting event ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... TopConsumerReviews.com recently awarded their highest five-star rating ... Moles are derived from a cluster of melanin when exposed to sunlight. Although most ... create a lifetime of embarrassment. Historically, mole removal has involved a painful, ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... CA (PRWEB) , ... February 08, 2016 , ... The ... held annually in this country. The AutismOne 2016 Conference, which is being held May ... they often won’t hear elsewhere about helpful interventions and causes of chronic illness in ...
(Date:2/7/2016)... Orion, Clarkston, Metamora, Michigan (PRWEB) , ... February 07, 2016 , ... ... Friday in recognition of National Wear Red Day. National Wear Red Day is ... and stroke in women. Heart disease and stroke cause 1 in 3 deaths among ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/8/2016)... , Feb. 8, 2016  Avista Pharma Solutions ... Eric Setzer as Chief Financial Officer (CFO). Mr. Setzer ... years of experience in various roles within growing technology ... he served as the Executive Director of Finance at ... Raleigh, NC . Previously, Mr. Setzer ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... DUBLIN , Feb. 8, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... announced the addition of the "Label-Free ... Global Forecasts to 2020" report to ... has announced the addition of the ... - Global Forecasts to 2020" report ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... , Feb. 8, 2016  Unilife Corporation ("Unilife" or "Company") ... of injectable drug delivery systems, today announced that it will ... ended December 31, 2015 after market close on February 9, ... conference call to discuss these financial results.    ... --> About Unilife Corporation ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: