Navigation Links
Research Reveals Nutrient's Impact on the Embryo
Date:11/19/2007

Vitamin A-derived retinoic acid helps guide development, scientists say

MONDAY, Nov. 19 (HealthDay News) -- U.S. researchers say they've uncovered new clues on how embryonic cells regulate levels of retinoic acid, a derivative of vitamin A.

Retinoic acid plays a vital role in embryo development, acting as a signal between cells to control development of the brain, limbs and many other tissues. Human embryos that get too much or too little retinoic acid may develop birth defects, noted a team from the University of California, Irvine.

When humans consume vitamin A -- found in many foods, including carrots, broccoli and sweet potatoes -- the body converts it into retinoic acid.

"If you don't get enough vitamin A in your diet -- or if you get too much -- your body compensates for that. Our study helps explain how this regulation occurs," Thomas Schilling, associate professor of developmental and cell biology at UC Irvine, said in a prepared statement.

The UC Irvine team examined retinoic acid in zebrafish embryos, which are often used in genetic studies as models for human development. They found that if levels of retinoic acid become too high, an enzyme called cyp26a1 degrades the excess retinoic acid in order to restore normal levels. If levels are too low, proteins called fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) slow retinoic acid degradation.

"Those two things work together to keep the whole system adjusted to the right level. Retinoic acid induces its own degradation, and FGFs, also present in the embryo, have the opposite effect by inhibiting retinoic acid degradation," Schilling said.

The study is published in the Nov. 20 issue of the journal Public Library of Science Biology.

More information

MedlinePlus has more about vitamin A.



-- Robert Preidt



SOURCE: University of California, Irvine, news release, Nov. 19, 2007


'/>"/>
Copyright©2007 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Stanford researchers find culprit in aging muscles that heal poorly
2. Children of depressed moms do better when dad is involved, SLU researcher finds
3. UCLA researchers identify markers that may predict diabetes in still-healthy people
4. Mayo Clinic researchers discover new diagnostic test for detecting infection in prosthetic joints
5. New research shows how chronic stress worsens neurodegenerative disease course
6. New research explores newborn in-hospital weight loss
7. Research may unlock mystery of autisms origin in the brain
8. Bipolar disorder relapses halved by Melbourne researchers
9. HIVs impact in Zimbabwe explored in new research
10. U.S. Research Funding Continues to Flatten as U.S. Health Costs Climb - in August 31 Science
11. Cell that triggers symptoms in allergy attacks can also limit damage, Stanford researchers find
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/26/2016)... Carolina (PRWEB) , ... June 26, 2016 , ... ... of a new product that was developed to enhance the health of felines. The ... centuries. , The two main herbs in the PawPaws Cat Kidney Support ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... ... Austin residents seeking Mohs surgery services, can now turn to Dr. Jessica Scruggs ... for medical and surgical dermatology. , Dr. Dorsey brings specialization to include Mohs surgery, ... Micrographic Surgery completed by Dr. Dorsey was under the direction of Glenn Goldstein, MD, ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... CA (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... As ... with Magna Cum Laude and his M.D from the David Geffen School of Medicine ... and returned to Los Angeles to complete his fellowship in hematology/oncology at the UCLA-Olive ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... A recent article published June 14 on E Online details ... to state that individuals are now more comfortable seeking to undergo not only the ... and cheek reduction. The Los Angeles area medical group, Beverly Hills Physicians (BHP) notes ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... Sessions in Dallas that it will receive two significant new grants to support ... as PHA marked its 25th anniversary by recognizing patients, medical professionals and scientists ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... Va. , June 24, 2016 The ... set of recommendations that would allow biopharmaceutical ... (HCEI) with entities that make formulary and coverage decisions, ... the "value" of new medicines. The recommendations ... does not appear on the drug label, a prohibition ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Mass. , June 24, 2016   Pulmatrix, ... pharmaceutical company developing innovative inhaled drugs, announced today that ... Russell Investments reconstituted its comprehensive set of ... "This is an important milestone for Pulmatrix," ... will increase shareholder awareness of our progress in developing ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... Calif. , June 23, 2016 Any dentist ... many challenges of the current process. Many of them do ... of the technical difficulties and high laboratory costs involved. And ... to offer it at such a high cost that the ... it. Dr. Parsa Zadeh , founder of ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: