Navigation Links
Reproductive coercion often is accompanied by physical or sexual violence, study finds

(SACRAMENTO, Calif.) Young women and teenage girls often face efforts by male partners to sabotage birth control or coerce pregnancy including damaging condoms and destroying contraceptives and these efforts, defined as "reproductive coercion," frequently are associated with physical or sexual violence, a study by a team of researchers led by UC Davis has found.

Published online today in the January issue of the journal Contraception, the study, "Pregnancy Coercion, Intimate Partner Violence and Unintended Pregnancy," also found that among women who experienced both reproductive coercion and partner violence, the risk of unintended pregnancy doubled. The study is the first quantitative examination of the relationship between intimate partner violence, reproductive coercion and unintended pregnancy, the authors say.

"This study highlights an under-recognized phenomenon where male partners actively attempt to promote pregnancy against the will of their female partners," said lead study author Elizabeth Miller, an assistant professor of pediatrics in the UC Davis School of Medicine and a practitioner at UC Davis Children's Hospital. "Not only is reproductive coercion associated with violence from male partners, but when women report experiencing both reproductive coercion and partner violence, the risk for unintended pregnancy increases significantly."

Conducted between August 2008 and March 2009 at five reproductive health clinics in Northern California, the study involved approximately 1,300 English- and Spanish-speaking 16- to 29-year-old women who agreed to respond to a computerized survey about their experiences with relationships and pregnancy.

Study participants were asked questions about birth-control sabotage, pregnancy coercion and intimate partner violence to assess their experience of pregnancy coercion and birth control sabotage. Questions included:

  • "Has someone you were dating or going out with ever told you not to use any birth control" or " said he would leave you if you would not get pregnant?"
  • "Has someone you were dating or going out with ever taken off the condom while you were having sex so that you would get pregnant?"

Approximately one in five young women said they experienced pregnancy coercion and 15 percent said they experienced birth control sabotage. Over half the respondents 53 percent said they had experienced physical or sexual violence from an intimate partner. More than a third of the women who reported partner violence 35 percent also reported either pregnancy coercion or birth control sabotage.

"We have known about the association between partner violence and unintended pregnancy for many years," said Jay Silverman, the study's senior author and an associate professor of society, human development and health in the Harvard School of Public Health. "What this study shows is that reproductive coercion likely explains why unintended pregnancies are far more common among abused women and teens."

The study authors said the research underscores the importance of educating women seeking care about reproductive coercion, and ensuring that women who are seeking reproductive health services are offered counseling on ways to prevent pregnancy that are less vulnerable to partner interference, as well as connected to domestic violence-related services. The study also highlights the importance of working with young men to prevent both violence against female partners and coercion around pregnancy.

"This study confirms that women experiencing partner violence are more likely to have greater need for sexual and reproductive health services," Miller said. "Thus, clinical settings that offer reproductive health services likely offer the greatest opportunity to identify women experiencing partner violence and to ensure that women receive the counseling and support they may need." Comprehensive assessment in clinical settings for pregnancy coercion, birth control sabotage and intimate partner violence should be considered a priority in the context of family planning services. Moreover, public health efforts to reduce unintended pregnancy should ensure that discussions of reproductive coercion are included in pregnancy prevention programs, she said.


Contact: Phyllis Brown
University of California - Davis - Health System

Related medicine news :

1. Foundation Presidents Commend Secretary Clinton on Speech Renewing U.S. Support for Reproductive Health Worldwide
2. Secretary Clinton Renews Leadership on Reproductive Health: Implications for Global Environment
3. U.S. Government Rejoins Worldwide Consensus on Reproductive Health
4. New human reproductive hormone could lead to novel contraceptives
5. New EPA Rodent Study Finds No Low-Dose BPA Effects on Reproductive Function or Behavior
6. Legislation in India to Address Assisted Reproductive Technology, Egg Donation and Surrogacy
7. Shady Grove Fertility Center Research to Be Showcased at Premier Annual Medical Conference on Reproductive Medicine
8. CONRAD executive director to give Guttmacher lecture at Reproductive Health 2009
9. Turning Back the Clock: Fasting Prolongs Reproductive Life Span
10. Spokane, Washington, Man Indicted On Civil Rights Charges Related to Threats to Reproductive Health Services Clinic
11. UPDATE: Spokane, Washington, Man Indicted on Civil Rights Charges Related to Threats to Reproductive Health Services Clinic
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/25/2015)... , ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... double board certified facial plastic surgeon specializing in both surgical and non-surgical treatments, ... The Skin Spa at Hobgood Facial Plastic Surgery. , Highly trained and ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Brillianteen, McGaw YMCA’s ... learning in its 65th Anniversary Brillianteen Revue, scheduled for March 4-6, 2016. Auditions ... 65 years, Brillianteen has been a treasured tradition for numerous families in the ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... PA (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 , ... “While ... said an inventor, from Bronx, N.Y. “I thought there had to be a convenient ... invented the PROTECTOR. , The PROTECTOR enables disabled individuals to safely travel during cold ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Castlewood Treatment ... struggling with eating disorders as a result of the $20,000 raised at the ... at Fox Run Golf Club in Eureka, will help individuals who otherwise might ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... "When I underwent ... bras were incredibly uncomfortable," said an inventor from Bronx, N.Y. "In order to ... the patent-pending RECOVERY BRA for added comfort and support. The bra is easier ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... 26, 2015 3D bioprinting market ... to a new report by Grand View Research Inc. Rising ... which demands kidney transplantation is expected to boost the market ... for organ transplantation. --> 3D bioprinting market ... to a new report by Grand View Research Inc. Rising ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... DUBLIN , November 26, 2015 ... has announced the addition of the  ... in the Global Cell Surface Testing ... Opportunities" report to their offering.  ... the addition of the  "2016 Future ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... Research and Markets ( ) has announced the ... Type (Dressings, Therapy Devices, Active Wound Care), Application (Surgical ... Geography - Global Forecast to 2020" report to ... --> The purpose of this report is to ... advanced wound care market. It involves deep dive analysis ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: