Navigation Links
Report outlines successes, challenges in cancer prevention efforts
Date:4/19/2012

ATLANTA April 19, 2012 An annual report from the American Cancer Society says much of the suffering and death from cancer could be prevented by more systematic efforts to reduce tobacco use, improve diet and physical activity, reduce obesity, and expand the use of established screening tests. The report, Cancer Prevention and Early Detection Facts and Figures (CPED), outlines gaps and opportunities that contribute to cancer mortality, and says social, economic, and legislative factors profoundly influence individual health behaviors. Since 1992, the American Cancer Society has published CPED as a resource to strengthen cancer prevention and early detection efforts at the local, state, and national levels.

Below are highlights of this year's report.

Tobacco Use

  • Cigarette smoking prevalence in US adults declined modestly between 2005 and 2010. An estimated 19.3% of adults (men: 21.5%, women: 17.3%) smoked cigarettes in 2010. But the declines have not extended to all subgroups.

  • Light or intermittent smoking (less than 10 cigarettes/day) in daily smokers increased significantly between 2005 (16%) and 2010 (22%), whereas heavy smoking declined from 13% to 8%, reflecting long-term historical trends toward lower smoking intensity.

  • In 2009, data from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) showed that 19.5% of high school students reported current cigarette smoking (smoking on at least one day in the past 30 days) and 7.3% reported frequent smoking (smoking on 20 or more days in the past 30 days).

  • While the YRBS found no change in current smoking prevalence among high school students between 2003 and 2009, other more recent surveys found that smoking declined significantly among teen student smokers between 2010 and 2011 and among adolescent smokers 12 to 17 years of age between 2008 and 2010.

  • Tobacco industry marketing expenditures for smokeless tobacco products increased by 120% between 2005 and 2008, while they declined by 24% for cigarettes. The majority of these expenditures went toward price discounts that are intended to offset tobacco price increases.

  • A recent study by the American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network(ACS CAN), the Society's nonprofit, nonpartisan advocacy affiliate, found that the passage of comprehensive smoke-free legislation by states currently without such laws could result in more than 624,000 fewer deaths over the long term and save $1.32 billion in treatment costs over five years.

Overweight and Obesity, Physical Activity, and Nutrition

  • Currently, an estimated 18% of adolescents and 35.7% of adults are obese. Increasing rates of obesity observed since the early 1980s appear to have slowed or leveled off since 2003. Obesity rates in men and women have now converged.

  • In 2010, the prevalence of obesity among adults exceeded 20% in all states; the state with the highest obesity prevalence was Mississippi (34.6%), according to self-reported surveys.

HPV Vaccination for Cervical Cancer Prevention

  • To prevent cervical cancer, vaccination against two types of human papillomavirus (HPV) that cause 70% of cervical deaths is recommended for adolescent girls. The initiation of the HPV vaccination series among US females 13 to 17 years of age increased from 25% in 2007 to 48.7% in 2010, and one in three completed the entire three-dose series.

Cancer Screening

  • Mammography usage has not increased since 2000. In 2010, 66.5% of women 40 years of age and older reported getting a mammogram in the past year. Women who lack health insurance reported the lowest use of mammograms (31.5%).

  • In 2010, 76.4% of adult women reported having a Pap test in the past three years. However, there is persistent underuse of the Pap test among women who are uninsured, recent immigrants, and those with low education.

  • In 2010, 59.1% of adults 50 years of age and older reported being screened for colon cancer using either a recommended stool test or an endoscopy test within recommended time intervals. However, rates remain substantially lower in uninsured individuals and those with lower socioeconomic status. To date, 28 states and the District of Columbia have passed legislation ensuring coverage

"With increased efforts toward more fostering of and support for cancer prevention and early detection activities, we can reduce incidence, death, and suffering from cancer," said Vilma Cokkinides, PhD, co-author of the report. "The price and availability of healthy foods, incentives and opportunities for regular physical activity in schools and communities, advertising content, as well as the availability of insurance coverage for screening tests and treatment for tobacco addiction all influence individual choices. Improved collaboration among government agencies, private companies, nonprofit organizations, health care providers, policy makers, and the American public can lead to continued improvements, and more favorable trends that reduce the risk of death from cancer and other chronic diseases."


'/>"/>

Contact: David Sampson
david.sampson@cancer.org
American Cancer Society
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Diagnostic yield of colonoscopy for melena after nondiagnostic upper endoscopy is lower than previously reported
2. Mental Illness Tied to Higher Rates of Physical Problems: Report
3. NJ stroke researchers report advances in spatial neglect research at AAN Conference
4. U.S. Spends Too Little on Public Health Initiatives: Report
5. Report says new evidence could tip the balance in aspirin cancer prevention care
6. Reported Decline in U.S. Pneumonia Deaths May Be False: Study
7. Preteens More Likely to Report HPV Vaccine Side Effects
8. Young girls more likely to report side effects after HPV vaccine
9. Fewer U.S. Med Students Choose Psychiatry: Report
10. IOM report identifies public health actions for improving the lives of those with epilepsy
11. U.S. Autism Rate Rises to 1 in 88 Children, CDC Reports
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/6/2016)... Utah (PRWEB) , ... May 06, 2016 , ... ... Step, an online provider of career-focused education and corporate training, and the National ... are pleased to announce Maritza Aquino as the second full-tuition scholarship recipient of ...
(Date:5/5/2016)... ... 2016 , ... TransWipe Volume 3 is a set of 30 professional transition ... preset between two video clips to instantly add a unique transition to any Final ... color and orientation options. TransWipe Volume 3 is a Final Cut Pro X exclusive ...
(Date:5/5/2016)... ... May 05, 2016 , ... The ... electronic cigarettes, requiring e-cigarette manufacturers to submit their products through an arduous federal ... all vaping products that entered the market since February 15, 2007. That would ...
(Date:5/5/2016)... SAN FRANCISCO (PRWEB) , ... May 05, 2016 ... ... in the Unites States to promise successful results with IVF and with egg ... Designed to deliver the most patient-centric and highest quality fertility care, Spring Fertility ...
(Date:5/5/2016)... ... ... Derrin Doty Group has unveiled the latest charity campaign in their ongoing ... Seattle. The insurance provider’s caring team has been so moved by the sudden death ... from the flu, that they have decided to extend their original campaign. Compassionate community ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/4/2016)... May 4, 2016 According to market ... and Demand Forecast to 2022 - Industry Insights by Slice ... Center and Others)" by P&S Market Research, the global ... 2015, and it is expected to grow at a CAGR ... slice type segment is expected to witness the faster growth, ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... D.C. , May 4, 2016 ... member companies concluded a series of free workshops ... in global requirements for Good Distribution ... of quality assurance which ensures that products are consistently stored, ... the marketing authorization (MA) or product specification. Only a ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... May 4, 2016 ... the  "Global Multiple Myeloma Market and Competitive ... offering.       (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160330/349511LOGO ... and Competitive Landscape Highlights 2016, provides comprehensive ... Myeloma epidemiology, Multiple Myeloma market valuations and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: