Navigation Links
Report outlines successes, challenges in cancer prevention efforts
Date:5/19/2011

ATLANTA May 19, 2011 A new report from the American Cancer Society details cancer control efforts and outlines improvements as well as gaps in preventive behavior that contribute to cancer mortality. Increasing rates of obesity observed since the early 1980s appear to have slowed in the past decade, particularly among women and girls, but nearly one in five adolescents and about one in three adults is obese. Vaccination against the virus that causes cervical cancer is up, but smoking declines have stalled. Meanwhile, proven cancer screening tests remain underutilized, particularly in un- and under-insured populations. The report, Cancer Prevention & Early Detection Facts & Figures (CPED), says social, economic, and legislative factors profoundly influence individual health behaviors, and that meeting nationwide prevention goals will require improved collaboration among government agencies, private companies, nonprofit organizations, health care providers, policy makers, and the American public.

Since 1992, the American Cancer Society has published CPED as a resource to strengthen cancer prevention and early detection efforts at the local, state, and national levels. Below are highlights of this year's report.

Tobacco Use

  • Smoking rates in U.S. adults and youth have stalled. Among adults, the smoking rate remained unchanged in the past 6 years (2009: 20.6%). Among high school students, the smoking prevalence did not change significantly between 2003 and 2009 (19.5%), but use of smokeless products is increasing in some groups. Smoking among middle school students also did not change between 2006 and 2009 (5.2%).

  • States' funding for tobacco control ($517.9 million) in 2011 was the lowest amount allocated since the 1999 Master Settlement Agreement (MSA), with only 2% of states' revenue from tobacco taxes and the MSA allocated for tobacco control.

  • Federal tobacco control funding to some extent offset declines in states' funding. Several federal tobacco control initiatives, including U.S. Food and Drug Administration regulations and funding for tobacco control, went into effect in 2010. Provisions for tobacco dependence treatment coverage in the Affordable Care Act for previously uninsured individuals, Medicare, and Medicaid recipients either went into effect in 2010 or will be implemented in upcoming years.

  • As tobacco marketing and sales become more restrictive due to regulations, the industry is moving toward unregulated venues and products. For example, point-of-source advertising and promotions are increasingly being targeted by the industry, as are products such as small cigars that are not subject to the same regulations governing cigarette sales and marketing.

Overweight and Obesity, Physical Activity, and Nutrition

  • Currently, an estimated 18.1% of adolescents and 34.3% of adults are obese. Increasing rates of obesity observed since the early 1980s appear to have slowed in the past decade, particularly among women and girls.

  • In 2009, the prevalence of obesity among adults exceeded 20% in all states except Colorado (19.3%).

HPV Vaccination for Cervical Cancer Prevention

  • To prevent cervical cancer, vaccination against certain types of human papillomavirus (HPV) is recommended for adolescent girls. The initiation of the HPV vaccination series among U.S. females aged 13 to 17 increased from 25% in 2007 to 44% in 2009, and nearly one in three completed the entire series.

Cancer Screening

  • Mammography usage has not increased since 2000. In 2008, 53% of women aged 40 and older reported getting a mammogram in the past year. Women who lack health insurance have the lowest use of mammograms (26%).

  • In 2008, 78.3% of adult women had a Pap test in the past three years. However, there is persistent under-use of the Pap test among women who are uninsured, recent immigrants, and those with low education.

  • Colorectal cancer screening rates increased from 38% in 2000 to 53.2% in 2008; however, rates remain substantially lower in uninsured individuals. To date, 26 states and the District of Columbia have passed legislation ensuring coverage for the full range of colorectal cancer screening tests.

Improving these numbers, says the report, will require coordinated efforts. "For example," the authors write, "the price and availability of healthy foods, the incentives and opportunities for regular physical activity in schools and communities, the content of advertising aimed at children, and the availability of insurance coverage for screening tests and treatment for tobacco addiction all influence individual choices."


'/>"/>

Contact: David Sampson
david.sampson@cancer.org
American Cancer Society
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Exercise Success for People Over 50: Reports of Improved Fitness, Circulation and Balance
2. New Report: The Internet Has More Influence Over Consumer Health Actions than Traditional DTC Channels
3. NationalCreditReport.com Reminds Consumers of Ways to Improve Credit Report and Score in 2010
4. Minnesota Department of Health Report: Nearly 6,000 Hospitalizations for COPD in 2007
5. Family Research Council: Planned Parenthood Report Oversexualizes Ten-Year-Olds, Undermines Parental Authority
6. New Report: $1 Cigarette Tax Increase Would Raise $418.8 Million for Texas and Cut Youth Smoking
7. New Report: $1 Cigarette Tax Increase Would Raise $18.6 Million for Montana and Cut Youth Smoking
8. New Report: $1 Cigarette Tax Increase Would Raise $24.8 Million for Wyoming and Cut Youth Smoking
9. New Report: $1 Cigarette Tax Increase Would Raise $43.3 Million for Utah and Cut Youth Smoking
10. New Report: $1 Cigarette Tax Increase Would Raise $113.9 Million for Colorado and Cut Youth Smoking
11. New Report: $1 Cigarette Tax Increase Would Raise $65.3 Million for Iowa and Cut Youth Smoking
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... 05, 2016 , ... Francisco Canales, MD and Heather Furnas, ... Valley office. The technique utilizes the body’s own healing abilities to quickly rejuvenate ... are part of only a select few cosmetic surgeons bringing this procedure to ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... After years as an active ... Unit, plastic and cosmetic surgeon Dr. Wayne Carman transitioned to chief of the Division ... completed his first three-year term as chief and began a second three-year term in ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... , ... February 05, 2016 , ... ... PROSHRED franchises from across the country gathered at the La Valencia Hotel in ... performers. PROSHRED Chicago was named the year’s most outstanding franchise, walking away ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... 05, 2016 , ... Give To Cure today announced that it ... to Give To Cure’s campaign that is crowdfunding clinical trials to help find cures ... payments through a smart device. In 2015 alone, Venmo processed $7.5 billion in transactions ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... At its annual meeting held ... as Chairman of the National Board of Directors. Mr. McDermott succeeds former APDA Chairman, ... stated Leslie A. Chambers , APDA President and CEO. “Pat has tirelessly served ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/5/2016)... Feb. 5, 2016 Aethlon Medical, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... and CEO, will be presenting at Source Capital Group,s 2016 ... NY at 2:15 p.m. ET on Wednesday, February ... Panel discussion taking place at 3:15 p.m. ET. ... one hour after the conclusion of the live event. The ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... , February 5, 2016 ... Market Research report states that the global active pharmaceuticals ... and is predicted to reach US$185.9 bn by 2020. ... 6.50% from 2014 to 2020. The title of the ... Captive/Contract Manufactured, by Geography, and by Therapeutic Area) - ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... , Feb. 5, 2016  Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. ... the previously announced underwritten secondary offering of 11,027,558 shares ... consisting of affiliates of Blackstone and Goldman Sachs.  The ... initial price of $96.45 per share. The selling stockholders ...  Neither Zimmer Biomet nor any of its directors, officers ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: