Navigation Links
Red all over: how the color red affects a referee's judgment

This release is available in German.

Many sports teams select their uniforms based on the mascot, city or country they are representing, not on a referee's preference or bias. But a new study has found that choosing the color red for a uniform in competitive sports can actually affect the referee's split-second decision-making ability and even promote a scoring bias.

Psychologists Norbert Hagemann, Bernd Strauss and Jan Leibing from the University of Munster specifically found that referees tended to assign more points to tae kwon do competitors dressed in red than those dressed in blue. The researchers presented 42 experienced tae kwon do referees with videos of blue- and red-clad competitors sparring. The two sets of clips were identical except that the colors were reversed in the second set, making the red athlete appear to be wearing blue and vice versa. The referees were then asked to score the performance of each competitor, red or blue, after each video.

The psychologists found that when the competitors appeared to be wearing red, they were awarded an average of 13% more points than the blue competitors, even though every athlete was presented in both colors at some point. What's more, points awarded seemed to increase after the blue athlete was digitally transformed into a red athlete and decrease when the red competitor changed to blue.

The findings, which appear in the August 2008 issue of Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, suggest that referees may hold a split-second bias toward red-clad athletes when the competitors are evenly matched in skill: "Referees' decisions will 'tip the scales' when athletes are relatively well-matched but have relatively small influence when one is clearly superior," wrote the authors.

"Although there is a need for further research, including research on the effects of different colors, our results suggest a need to change the rules or support referees by providing electronic decision-making aids in those sports in which this color bias may be a problem," they concluded.


Contact: Katie Kline
Association for Psychological Science

Related medicine news :

1. NEWSWEEK: Cover: Giving Globally: How to Heal the World
2. A History of Philanthropy Made Green-certified Legend Homes an Easy Choice for Extreme Makeover: Home Edition
3. NEWSWEEK: Cover: Kids and the Growing Food Allergy Threat
4. NEWSWEEK: Cover: Health for Life: Fertility & Diet
5. NEWSWEEK Cover: The Hunt for an Addiction Vaccine
6. NEWSWEEK Cover: Growing Up Bipolar
7. The Weight Is Over: Five Winners Lose 194 Pounds as Kmart Encourages 24,000 Americans to Achieve Healthier Lifestyle
8. Coloring Compound in Fruits, Veggies May Cut Colon Cancer Risk
9. Direct Anesthetic Infusion Helps Colorectal Cancer Patients
10. The aye-ayes have it: The preservation of color vision in a creature of the night
11. Colorado Medical School Receives Provisional Accreditation
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... ... Many people know of the common symptoms of low thyroid hormone (also ... many people who find their cholesterol levels and weight are creeping up are more ... they don’t have any of the other symptoms. , Thyroid hormone plays a major ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... , ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... is offering lower prices in an early celebration of the early holiday shopping ... price of $29.95 each (normally $33.95 ea). Black Friday promotional pricing is in ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... ... New patients who wish to seek treatment for missing teeth can now ... Mississauga, ON practice. Dr. Williams has been providing dental service for over 34 years, ... teeth can lead to a variety of complications if they are not replaced quickly, ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... In an article ... variables that determine which patients are or are not eligible for bariatric surgery. The ... BMI over 40, are more than 100 pounds overweight, or have a BMI of ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... , ... Preparing for the LDT Regulation:, CLIA Won’t Satisfy the FDA, ... FDA has long asserted that design and manufacture of Laboratory Developed Tests (LDTs) falls ... meet the device regulations. , Come up short in an inspection and the FDA ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/25/2015)... 25, 2015 Endo International plc (NASDAQ: ENDP ... , President and CEO, will discuss corporate updates at the ... New York on Wednesday, December 2, 2015 ... on Investor Relations, and then the link to the event. ... start time to visit the site and download any streaming ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... 2015 Asia -based ... BioLight and the New Investors will make a direct ... a private placement. The financing will help IOPtima to ... used in the treatment of glaucoma, as well as ... IOPtimate™ system with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... 2015 - Will Also Offer ... (CME) --> - Will Also ... (CME) --> - Will ... Medical Education (CME) Elsevier , a ... will feature latest diagnostic imaging textbooks and decision support tools, as ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: