Navigation Links
Red all over: how the color red affects a referee's judgment

This release is available in German.

Many sports teams select their uniforms based on the mascot, city or country they are representing, not on a referee's preference or bias. But a new study has found that choosing the color red for a uniform in competitive sports can actually affect the referee's split-second decision-making ability and even promote a scoring bias.

Psychologists Norbert Hagemann, Bernd Strauss and Jan Leibing from the University of Munster specifically found that referees tended to assign more points to tae kwon do competitors dressed in red than those dressed in blue. The researchers presented 42 experienced tae kwon do referees with videos of blue- and red-clad competitors sparring. The two sets of clips were identical except that the colors were reversed in the second set, making the red athlete appear to be wearing blue and vice versa. The referees were then asked to score the performance of each competitor, red or blue, after each video.

The psychologists found that when the competitors appeared to be wearing red, they were awarded an average of 13% more points than the blue competitors, even though every athlete was presented in both colors at some point. What's more, points awarded seemed to increase after the blue athlete was digitally transformed into a red athlete and decrease when the red competitor changed to blue.

The findings, which appear in the August 2008 issue of Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, suggest that referees may hold a split-second bias toward red-clad athletes when the competitors are evenly matched in skill: "Referees' decisions will 'tip the scales' when athletes are relatively well-matched but have relatively small influence when one is clearly superior," wrote the authors.

"Although there is a need for further research, including research on the effects of different colors, our results suggest a need to change the rules or support referees by providing electronic decision-making aids in those sports in which this color bias may be a problem," they concluded.


Contact: Katie Kline
Association for Psychological Science

Related medicine news :

1. NEWSWEEK: Cover: Giving Globally: How to Heal the World
2. A History of Philanthropy Made Green-certified Legend Homes an Easy Choice for Extreme Makeover: Home Edition
3. NEWSWEEK: Cover: Kids and the Growing Food Allergy Threat
4. NEWSWEEK: Cover: Health for Life: Fertility & Diet
5. NEWSWEEK Cover: The Hunt for an Addiction Vaccine
6. NEWSWEEK Cover: Growing Up Bipolar
7. The Weight Is Over: Five Winners Lose 194 Pounds as Kmart Encourages 24,000 Americans to Achieve Healthier Lifestyle
8. Coloring Compound in Fruits, Veggies May Cut Colon Cancer Risk
9. Direct Anesthetic Infusion Helps Colorectal Cancer Patients
10. The aye-ayes have it: The preservation of color vision in a creature of the night
11. Colorado Medical School Receives Provisional Accreditation
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... As ... Water For Empowerment ™ attracts volunteers together who want to combine talents and ... as key stakeholders in the process. The non-profit launched its first major fundraiser ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... the perfect dish and pleasing the palates of attendees is of the utmost ... dish to a seasonal get-together, give these recipes a try this holiday season. ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Finnleo, a leader in the traditional and ... of traditional and far-infrared saunas. , For traditional saunas, Finnleo is offering ... Finnish sauna wood, and Finnleo uses only European Grade A Nordic White Spruce from ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... companies, has been recognized once again for its stellar workplace culture with the ... Work.” , Medical Solutions’ Cincinnati office was named a finalist in ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... MN (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... launched offering factory direct sauna parts and accessories. , Sauna accessories help ... of the bather’s style and personality. From basic styles for the purist looking ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/24/2015)... November 25, 2015 The hope ... repeated failure of IVF cycles. After failure of over ... and had lost all hopes that she would be able to conceive ever. ... child conceived after failure of over 15 IVF cycles. ... before they decided to take one last attempt with Gaudium IVF ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... 2015  Thanks to a donor with a personal ... Center,s Sister Diane Grassilli Center for Women,s Health now ... San Francisco . Fred ... with a gift of $617,320 that allowed the Center ... Tomosynthesis and Whole Breast Ultrasound. Tomosynthesis, three-dimensional (3-D) mammography ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... Colo. , Nov. 24, 2015  Array ... that its Chief Executive Officer, Ron Squarer ... Healthcare Conference in New York.  The public is ... webcast on the Array BioPharma website.Event:Piper Jaffray Annual ... , Wednesday, December 2, 2015Time:1:30 p.m. Eastern Time ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: