Navigation Links
Recycling pacemakers may alleviate burden of heart disease across the globe
Date:10/19/2010

ANN ARBOR, Mich. Millions worldwide die each year because they can't afford a pacemaker. Meanwhile heart patients in the United States say they'd be willing to donate theirs after death to someone in need.

In the current issue of Circulation, experts at the University of Michigan Cardiovascular Center examine the legality and logistics of collecting pacemakers, after they are removed for burial or cremation, for sterilization and reuse across the globe.

Small humanitarian efforts have shown reusing pacemakers is safe and effective with little risk of infection and patients live as long, and as well, with a recycled pacemaker as those who get new ones, authors say.

It's a novel approach for treating cardiovascular disease which remains the world's leading cause of death.

"Establishing a validated pacemaker reutilization program could transform a currently wasted resource into an opportunity for a new life for many citizens in the world," says study senior author Kim A. Eagle, M.D., cardiologist and a director of the U-M Cardiovascular Center.

Each year 1 million to 2 million people worldwide die due to lack of access to pacemakers. But 84 percent of patients surveyed at the UM would donate their pacemaker for reuse.

Through partnerships, the U-M hopes to make the concept of recycling pacemakers a life-saving reality for those who cannot afford them.

Pacemakers are implanted to correct a slow heartbeat. A slow heart rate can be caused by heart attacks, conductive diseases or old age and lead to fainting and fatigue.

Some foreign manufacturers have reduced the cost of pacemakers to as little as $800, a price that still makes it out of reach in poor nations.

"Despite the substantial cost reduction, a new pacemaker is often more than the annual income of the average worker in underdeveloped nations," Eagle says.

Poor nations have not been able to afford the electrophysiology technology that has reduced cardiac deaths in industrialized nations, while unhealthy lifestyle, as well as infectious diseases, contribute to escalating rates of heart disease worldwide.

In recent decades, industrialized nations have seen a drop in deaths from heart attacks and strokes, but those in low- and middle-income nations continue to experience an epidemic of cardiovascular disease.

For instance, in South America and Central America, the parasitic infection Chagas disease can disrupt connections in the heart. Chagas can affect 20 million people, and a study revealed that 72 percent pacemaker recipients in Brazil had been infected at some point in their lives.

Growing evidence and support laid the groundwork for Project My HeartYour Heart, a collaborative between citizens, physicians and funeral directors of Michigan, the U-M Cardiovascular Center and World Medical Relief, Inc., a Detroit-based non-profit organization that specializes in the delivery of used medical equipment.

Pacemakers removed before burial or cremations are rarely returned to the manufacturer and instead are stored at funeral homes with no apparent use. In a U-M survey of Michigan funeral home directors 89 percent said they were willing to donate devices to charitable organizations if given the opportunity.

A model program

According to study authors, after families consent, donated devices will be sent by the funeral home in a free postage-paid envelope to the U-M for assessment of battery longevity. Funeral directors can request packages from U-M.

If the device has a battery life greater than 70 percent, it will be sterilized and old patient information will be erased, with the ultimate goal of allocating devices to institutions throughout the world with assistance from WMR."Of primary concern when discussing reuse of devices is the possibility of infection," says lead author Timir Baman, M.D., a U-M cardiology fellow.

"However, U-M physicians have examined previous studies involving device reutilization and found the overall infection rate of less than 2 percent is similar to that of new device implantation."


'/>"/>

Contact: Shantell M. Kirkendoll
smkirk@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. When Earth Day Is Everyday At The Office, Used Office Furniture Recycling
2. Yoga alleviates pain and improves function in fibromyalgia patients
3. Burden of HIV/TB infections increasingly falling on Hispanic community
4. Late-stage melanoma results in economic burden
5. NJHA: Charity Care Must Be a Priority as Uninsured Burden Grows
6. Inequities exists in disease burden, health care and access for minority children
7. For Migraine Sufferers, Stigma Adds to Burden
8. International liver cancer congress provides possible solutions to reduce significant burden
9. Kroll Fraud Solutions' New HITECH Hotline Eases Burden of Data Breach Notification for Healthcare
10. Insurance Woes Can Add to Burden of Psoriasis
11. National Stroke Association survey reveals more than half of stroke survivors suffer added burden of little known neurologic condition
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Recycling pacemakers may alleviate burden of heart disease across the globe
(Date:1/15/2017)... ... January 15, 2017 , ... ... Outreach is a program that strives to better communities around the world by ... community. It also provides the opportunity for team members to become involved in ...
(Date:1/15/2017)... ... January 15, 2017 , ... San Francisco Magazine recently ... Area counties for 2017. Almost 1,000 nominations were submitted and a little over ... Results were announced the magazine’s January 2017 issue . , Under the ...
(Date:1/14/2017)... ... January 14, 2017 , ... Healthy living ... line of activated charcoal products. With more and more people opting to go ... according to how they cater to specific needs. , Moody Zook focused particularly ...
(Date:1/13/2017)... ... 13, 2017 , ... People with type 2 diabetes know ... easy as checking the nutrition label on foods for grams of sugar. But ... sugar-free, proteins can influence — either positively or negatively — insulin secretion and ...
(Date:1/13/2017)... ... , ... With the increasing public preference for chemical-free personal ... alternatives for customers who have grown more conscious about maintaining their health and ... charcoal products, Moody Zook Chief Executive Officer Nate Ginsburg explained their company’s decision ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/14/2017)... 14, 2017  Johnson & Weaver, LLP announces that a ... Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. (NYSE: ZBH )  securities ... 2016 (the "Class Period"). Zimmer Biomet provides musculoskeletal ... reconstructive products, such as knee and hip reconstructive products. ... According to ...
(Date:1/13/2017)... , January 13, 2017 ... Reagents and Equipment Market by Method (Biochemical (Calcium ... (Biomedical, Protein Production), End User - Global Forecast ... the global market from 2016 to 2021. This ... by 2021 from USD 715.4 Million in 2016, ...
(Date:1/13/2017)... The 2016 election resulted in a ... voting in favor of legalizing cannabis for recreational use, including ... the U.S. In addition, the state of Colorado ... products sales. The ArcView Group has published an updated research ... sales in the U.S. last year reached $6.7 billion, a growth ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: