Latest data from Women's Health Initiative points to continued need for mammograms
TUESDAY, March 4 (HealthDay News) -- An increased risk of breast cancer lingers after a woman stops taking combination hormone replacement therapy, a new study shows.
The finding, published in the March 5 issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association, was based on data from the landmark Women's Health Initiative (WHI). That trial was halted abruptly in 2002, when it was discovered that postmenopausal women taking combination hormone therapy (estrogen plus progestin) had a higher risk of cardiovascular disease, stroke, blood clots and breast cancer.
"Within a couple of years, the [raised] risk for stroke, serious blood clots and heart attack disappears, but so do the benefits to bone," added study author Marcia Stefanick, a professor of medicine at Stanford University. "The concerning issue is the risk for all cancers remains significantly elevated, mostly because of breast cancer."
Stefanick said it wasn't clear if these were new breast cancers or existing tumors that had not been detected while women were still taking hormone therapy. A study in the Archives of Internal Medicine last week found women taking combined hormone therapy for about five years had a higher risk of abnormal mammograms and breast biopsies. This, in turn, may decrease the effectiveness of these methods for detecting breast cancer.
Dr. James Liu, chairman of obstetrics and gynecology at MacDonald Women's Hospital at Case Medical Center, University Hospitals, in Cleveland, emphasized that the results applied only to women taking combination hormone therapy, and that there may indeed be a delay involved. "The good news is that these changes do reverse," he said. "There may be some lag time in the breast risk, but because the breast risk actually increases with age independent of estrogen, women still should continue to have
All rights reserved