Navigation Links
Radiation exposure poses similar risk of first and second cancers in atomic bomb survivors
Date:9/14/2010

SEATTLE It is well known that exposure to radiation has multiple harmful effects including causing cancer but until now, it has been unclear to what extent such exposure increases a person's risk of developing more than one cancer.

The first large-scale study of the relationship between radiation dose and risk of multiple cancers among atomic bomb survivors in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan reveals a similar risk in the development of first and second subsequent cancers.

Christopher I. Li, M.D., Ph.D., and colleagues at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center led the study in collaboration with investigators at the Radiation Effects Research Foundation in Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the National Cancer Institute. The results appear in the Sept. 15 issue of Cancer Research.

"We found that radiation exposure increased the risks of first and second cancers to a similar degree," said first author Li, a breast cancer epidemiologist and member of the Public Health Sciences Division at the Hutchinson Center. "People exposed to radiation who developed cancer also had a high risk of developing a second cancer, and the risk was similar for both solid tumors and leukemias in both men and women, regardless of age at exposure or duration between first and second primary cancers," he said.

The association between radiation exposure and risk of second cancers was particularly significant for radiation-sensitive cancers, such as those of the lung, colon, breast, thyroid and bladder, as well as leukemia.

For the study, the researchers analyzed data from participants in the Life Span Study, a group of atomic bomb survivors in Hiroshima and Nagasaki who were followed from 1950, five years after the bombings, to 2002, the most recent year through which Hiroshima and Nagasaki cancer registry data were complete. The study followed 10,031 primary cancer survivors, among whom 1,088 went on to develop second primary cancers.

Stomach, lung, liver and female breast cancers were the most commonly diagnosed first and second primary cancers.

"Our findings suggest that cancer survivors with a history of radiation exposure should continue to be carefully monitored for second cancers," Li said.

In addition to clinical implications for cancer patients and others exposed to significant amounts of radiation, such research is essential to developing radiation protection limits and standards for occupational exposures, as well as planning for the consequences of widespread radiation exposure in the general population in the event of a nuclear accident, nuclear war or "dirty bomb" terrorist attack.

"We greatly appreciate having the opportunity to conduct this unique research with our Japanese colleagues who, through innumerable publications, have truly transformed the tragedy of the atomic bombings to fundamental scientific advancements that have impacted radiation protection standards and policies worldwide," Li said.


'/>"/>

Contact: Kristen Woodward
kwoodwar@fhcrc.org
206-667-5095
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. FDA Seeks Reduction in Radiation From Medical Scans
2. For Some Breast Cancer Patients, Shorter Radiation Works Well
3. Short-term radiation therapy successful on breast cancer
4. ASCROs Response to NY Times Articles on Radiation Therapy Incidents
5. Imaging manufacturers: Plan to reduce unnecessary radiation exposure and medical errors
6. Roseville Radiation Oncology Center (ROC) Redefines Efficiency With Elekta VMAT Radiotherapy Treatments
7. New cardiac CT technology drastically reduces patient radiation exposure
8. New Heart CT Scans Deliver Far Less Radiation: Study
9. Accelerated radiation therapy reduces toxicity in patients with advanced head and neck cancers
10. Delaying post-surgical radiation increases risk of breast cancer recurrence in older women
11. Radiation Most Effective Soon After Breast Cancer Surgery
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... Cardiac arrhythmia is ... impact on long-term patient survival, reports a team of UPMC researchers in the ... in the Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, provide critical information that will ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... MadgeTech will be showcasing its ... manufactured in Warner, New Hampshire at the MadgeTech headquarters. With products sold in more ... trusted by government agencies, including NASA. , In 2012, NASA strategically set up ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... Retinal Degeneration” for the Foundation Fighting Blindness, Long Island Chapter on June 4, ... the public. , Dr. Maisel, founder of Retina Group of New York ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... ... In an effort to provide hair restoration information to the widest possible audience, Dr. Parsa ... not use the app. Dr. Mohebi, the founder of Parsa Mohebi Hair Restoration, is making ... , Dr. Mohebi says, “The positive response to the Snapchat videos we started last month ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... Leadership of Life Science Logistics ... organization has earned its ISO 13485 certification, indicating the company’s quality control system ... and policies associated with ISO quality standard 13485. , BSI Group America, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/25/2016)... , May 25, 2016  Granger Diagnostics today ... test for wounds and infections. This test ensures ... and select viruses. The test requires only a ... David G. Bostwick , MD, ... to facilitate wound healing: "We are excited to ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... May 24, 2016 Niederländische ... gebracht, die es Ärzten erlaubt, ihre Expertise weltweit ... MDLinking kombiniert Live Streaming mit einer Instant-Messaging-Funktion und ... kommunizieren. Mediziner in Europa, Afrika, Asien und den ... für die Plattform registriert. Information und ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... 24, 2016 ARANZ Medical  Ltd ... healthcare sector, has been named the Coretex Hi-Tech Emerging Company ... Dr Bruce Davey , CEO of ARANZ ...  It,s really good to be recognised for the work we ... are used in 35 countries around the world from Sub-Saharan ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: