Navigation Links
Racial disparities diminish in specialized cancer centers

A new study has found that when African American and white cancer patients are treated at similar, specialized cancer care institutions, mortality rates are roughly equal. Published early online in Cancer, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the findings suggest that where patients receive care may partly explain observed racial disparities in cancer mortality.

In the new study, researchers led by Tracy Onega, PhD, MA, of the Dartmouth Medical School looked at records for more than 200,000 Medicare recipients treated for cancer between 1998 and 2003. The analysis focused on one- and three-year mortality for patients with lung, breast, colorectal, and prostate cancer. National Cancer Institute (NCI) comprehensive or clinical cancer centers were used to evaluate the influence of place of service, based on their standing as highly specialized cancer care settings. Of the sample population, 9 percent were African American. A higher proportion of African Americans attended an NCI cancer center than Caucasians (11.1% vs. 6.9%).

The researchers found that across all cancer care settings within the study population, the likelihood of dying from cancer or other causes at one year was 13 percent higher for African Americans. At three years, their risk was 23 percent higher than their Caucasian counterparts.

However, when the investigators looked only at patients who received care at NCI Cancer Centers, there were no significant racial differences in the likelihood of dying at one and three years after a cancer diagnosis. The same was true when comparing death rates among the African American study population; those receiving care at an NCI cancer center had lower death rates at one and three years than those treated elsewhere.

"We have known for some time that African Americans die in greater numbers from cancer than Caucasians. The question is, why? This research shows that where patients are treated can influence those outcomes significantly," Onega said. "The next step is to understand the components of treatment location that most dramatically affect differences in care, and ultimately outcomes, for all cancer patients."


Contact: David Sampson
American Cancer Society

Related medicine news :

1. Blacks have highest cancer rates of all racial ethnicities, yet feel less at risk, study finds
2. Survey finds significant racial differences in lung cancer beliefs
3. Breast Cancer Stats Differ Racially Despite Similar Mammogram Rates
4. American Heart Association Rapid Access Journal Report: Study Finds Racial Gaps Continue in Heart Disease Awareness, Low Knowledge of Heart Attack Warning Signs Among Women
5. Study finds racial gaps continue in heart disease awareness
6. Racial disparities persist in the diagnosis of advanced breast cancer and colon cancer in the U.S.
7. Racial differences in medication use
8. Study finds racial disparities exist in radiation therapy rates for early stage breast cancer
9. Lung Cancers Racial Gap Narrowing
10. New, National Amnesty International Report Finds Appalling U.S. Death Rate for Women Having Babies, Systemic Failures and Shocking Disparities in Maternal Health Care System; Tennessee is 38th Among All States in Maternal Mortality
11. New, National Amnesty International Report Finds Appalling U.S. Death Rate for Women Having Babies, Systemic Failures and Shocking Disparities in Maternal Health Care System; New Jersey is 35th Among All States in Maternal Mortality
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/30/2015)... , ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... Dale Jones as a 2015-2016 inductee into its VIP Woman of the ... NAPW is the nation’s leading networking organization exclusively for professional women, boasting 850,000 ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... Live Very Well is ... insurance plans on . The multi-carrier insurance exchange platform offers individual ... allowing consumers to compare, quote and match plans to meet their needs. ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... 30, 2015 , ... Until now, the St. Louis Fetal Care Institute ... of Myelomeningocele Study) trial. One of these exclusion criteria was a BMI above 34.9. ... to 24.9 is considered normal, 25 - 29.9 is overweight and above 30 is ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... , ... November 30, 2015 , ... Stress, anxiety, illness, ... a parent worry about possible tumors? , Heather Spader, MD, a new pediatric neurosurgeon ... are common, some signs might point to tumors. , “Bad headaches that ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... Thermi™, a world leader in ... its ThermiRFR temperature controlled radiofrequency platform has received CE marking and may now ... uses temperature as a clinical endpoint. The technology has been available in ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/30/2015)... 2015 North America was ... grow at a CAGR of 7.6% from 2015 to 2020. ... 135.6 million in 2014, and is expected to grow at a ... to the new Market Research Report "North America Cardiac Output Monitoring ... (Hospitals, ambulatory care, others) - Analysis And Forecast To 2020", the ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... --> --> ... by Product (Soft Tissue, All Tissue, Dental Welding Lasers), Application ... Geography - Global Forecast to 2020", published by MarketsandMarkets, is ... CAGR of 5.2% during the forecast period from 2015 to ... 62 Figures spread through 167 P ages and in-depth ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... MOUNTLAKE TERRACE, Wash. and ST. ... Cross and Express Scripts (NASDAQ: ESRX ) today ... benefit agreement. The partnership, which began in 1999, will ... --> --> After evaluating pharmacy ... process, Premera concluded that Express Scripts continues to offer ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: