Navigation Links
Racial and ethnic disparities impact care for children with frequent ear infections
Date:10/31/2010

Alexandria, VA Racial and ethnic disparities among children with frequent ear infections (FEI) significantly influence access to affordable healthcare, according to new research published in the November 2010 issue of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery.

Ear infections are one of the most common health problems for children, with most kids experiencing at least one by their third birthday. Annual costs in the United States alone are in the billions of dollars.

Despite changes that have occurred in healthcare to help low-income children, such as the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP), a large population of children still cannot afford prescription medication with black and Hispanic children more at risk

A new study by researchers at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and Harvard Medical School has found that racial and ethnic disparities among children with frequent ear infections can significantly influence access to healthcare resources.

The findings show that compared with white children, African American and Hispanic children are at increased odds of not being able to afford prescription medications, not having medical insurance, and not being able to see a specialist. The study also shows that they are more likely than white children to visit the emergency room for an ear infection.

"Our goal was to provide an accurate demographic picture of the U.S. so that we could identify disparities to target for intervention," said study co-author Dr. Nina Shapiro, director of pediatric otolaryngology at Mattel Children's Hospital UCLA and an associate professor of surgery at the Geffen School of Medicine. "Clearly, we found that children of certain ethnicities who suffer from frequent ear infections are more likely to face greater barriers to care. This information provides an opportunity for improvements in our current healthcare reform."

Researchers used data from a 10-year period (1997-2006), taken from the National Health Interview Survey, a large-scale, household-based survey of a statistically representative sample of the U.S. population.

Parents of children under the age of 18 were asked various questions, including whether their child had three or more ear infections over the previous 12 months. For those who answered yes, researchers pulled demographic data including age, sex, race/ethnicity, income level and insurance status to determine the influence of these variables on frequent ear infections.

The study found that each year, 4.6 million children reportedly had "frequent" ear infections defined as more than three infections over a 12-month period.

Overall, 3.7 percent of children with frequent ear infections could not afford care, 5.6 percent could not afford prescriptions, and only 25.8 percent saw a specialist.

Among the study's other findings for children with frequent ear infections:

  • A greater percentage of African American children (42.7 percent) and Hispanic children (34.5 percent) lived below the poverty level than white children (12 percent) and those of "other ethnicity" (28 percent).
  • A greater percentage of Hispanic children (18.2 percent) and "other ethnicity" children (16.6 percent) were uninsured, compared with whites (6.5 percent).
  • A greater percentage of white children (29.2 percent) reported having access to specialty care than African American children (20 percent), Hispanic children (17.5 percent) and "other ethnicity" children (18.9 percent).
  • A greater percentage of African American children (28.4 percent) and Hispanic children (19.8 percent) than white children (15.5 percent) visited the emergency room at least twice for ear infections over a 12-month period.

Researchers conducted the study by using the National Health Interview Survey (1997 - 2006) to identify children with FEI. Age, sex, race/ethnicity, income level, and insurance status were extracted. Access to care was measured by ability to afford medical care and prescription medications, specialist visitation, and emergency room visits.


'/>"/>

Contact: Mary Stewart
mstewart@entnet.org
703-535-3762
American Academy of Otolaryngology -- Head and Neck Surgery
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Chicago racial disparities in breast cancer mortality significantly higher than national average
2. Notable racial disparities in diagnosis, treatment and outcomes of colorectal cancer
3. Insurance and socioeconomic status do not explain racial disparities in breast cancer care
4. Are we ready for medical treatment based on a patients racial and ethnic background?
5. Why A Multi-Racial, Multi-Ethnic Society Needs Open and Sustained Dialogue
6. Study finds racial, ethnic disparities in family-centered care for kids with special health needs
7. Heart Attack Guidelines Close Racial Gaps in Hospital Care
8. Racial disparity observed in varus and valgus thrust study of knee OA
9. American Human Development Project Releases 'A Century Apart,' Revealing Alarming Disparities in Well-Being Among U.S. Racial and Ethnic Groups
10. Kids With Rare Condition Lack Racial Prejudice
11. Racial Disparities Persist in Hospital Stroke Care
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/26/2017)... , ... May 26, 2017 , ... Amir Qureshi, MD ... a powerfully versatile, patient-centric spinal cord stimulation system. The Nuvectra™ Algovita SCS System has ... are pleased to be the first in Arkansas to introduce the most powerful SCS ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... Boar’s ... sharing bold recipes for Memorial Day entertaining that are sure to satisfy your ... Head fresh sliced meats and cheeses featured in these refreshingly balanced recipes are ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... After raising nearly $30,000 on Kickstarter , ... be available at a discounted crowdfunding price on Indiegogo . , “Along with ... also wanted to bring a fidget toy to the market that was made of ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... Rob Lowe acts as host ... of the series is on hiking in American. Viewers can reconnect with America as ... benefits of hiking. , Many consumers have looked for an inventive new place for ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... ... Journey to the Cross”: the personal journey of Bob Massey and his faith in the ... Bob and Margaret Massey. Bob Massey is small in stature but big in character. ... His love for others is apparent in all of his life decisions. , “I’m ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/8/2017)... MACRA replaces the outdated sustainable growth ... reimbursement. Black Book Research crowdsource-surveyed 8,845 physician practices from ... Market for MIPS Compliance Technology is Booming ... 3 or more clinicians seek to buy Merit-Based Incentive ... magnitude of the changes, the hunt is on for ...
(Date:5/4/2017)... 4, 2017  Fortuna Fix Inc. (" Fortuna "), ... first to eliminate the need for embryonic and fetal stem ... neurodegenerative diseases. Fortuna announced today the ... Michael Fehlings , MD, PhD; Father Kevin FitzGerald , ... and Professor James Giordano , PhD. "We ...
(Date:5/4/2017)... , May 4, 2017  A new ... thermoplastics and other highly-engineered materials, is being launched ... tubing has been developed in recent years to ... therapies and surgical applications. More expensive materials such ... produce microextrusion tubing due to their ability to ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: