Navigation Links
Racial Differences in Asthma Outcomes for Older Adults Persist Even After Controlling for Social Determinants
Date:2/5/2020

Even after accounting for multiple social determinants, racial differences still had an impact on asthma outcomes in older adults, according to a new study published in The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice (JACI: In Practice), an official journal of the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI).

A total of 4,700 adults, all age 55 or higher were included in this study. Respondents self-identified as Non-Hispanic White, African American, or Hispanic. Of this group, African American and Hispanic respondents were twice as likely to visit the emergency room for asthma compared to Non-Hispanic White individuals.

“As the population continues to age, it’s important that researchers look at the impact of asthma on older populations and how it differs from younger patients,” said first author Nicole M. Cremer, MD. “The number of older adults with asthma is going to increase, and understanding these health disparities is crucial if we hope to provide effective treatment.”

Data was collected and analyzed from the 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey and the Asthma Call-Back Survey and was restricted to adults aged 55 and older with current asthma. Asthma outcomes were assessed based on healthcare utilization, including emergency department visits, and asthma control.

Social factors, such as healthcare access and healthcare costs as well as additional demographic data, were collected. African American and Hispanic respondents reported higher BMIs, lower levels of educational attainment, and lower annual household incomes. They were also more likely to be former or current smokers. They reported higher proportions of impaired access to health care because of cost as well as gaps in healthcare coverage. A higher proportion of African American and Hispanic respondents reported not using asthma medication.

According to the study, 32% of African Americans and 23% of Hispanics reported ER visits in the past 12 months due to asthma compared to 14% of Non-Hispanic Whites. After regression analysis, this translated to African Americans and Hispanics being twice as likely as Non-Hispanic Whites to have visited the emergency department due to asthma symptoms. Despite this, African Americans and Hispanics were 40% less likely to report frequent uncontrolled daytime symptoms compared to Non-Hispanic Whites. These findings suggest certain populations may be under-treated, putting them at higher risk for severe symptoms.

“While social determinants certainly account for some asthma outcomes, we found that didn’t account for all of them,” said Dr. Cremer. “While these groups are also less likely to be on an inhaled corticosteroid, we find they are still more likely to visit an emergency room after controlling for medication use. That means there are still factors out there leading to African Americans and Hispanics requiring more frequent ER visits.”

Asthma disparities in older adults require additional studies, particularly in relation to racial differences when it comes to asthma control, emergency room visits and mortality. As the American population continues to age, the burden of asthma on these older populations will be more keenly felt. This burden can be reduced by identifying the areas of prevention and treatment needed to effectively treat older adults with asthma.

You can learn more about asthma on the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology website, aaaai.org.

The American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI) represents allergists, asthma specialists, clinical immunologists, allied health professionals and others with a special interest in the research and treatment of allergic and immunologic diseases. Established in 1943, the AAAAI has nearly 7,000 members in the United States, Canada and 72 other countries. The AAAAI’s Find an Allergist/Immunologist service is a trusted resource to help you find a specialist close to home.

Read the full story at https://www.prweb.com/releases/racial_differences_in_asthma_outcomes_for_older_adults_persist_even_after_controlling_for_social_determinants/prweb16854656.htm.


'/>"/>
Source: PRWeb
Copyright©2020 Vocus, Inc.
All rights reserved


Related medicine news :

1. Progress in Racial and Ethnic Diversity Among Family Physicians
2. UC Davis Study Shows That Whites Receive More State Funding for Autism Services Than Other Racial/Ethnic Groups and Autism-Related Spending Increases with Age
3. Racial Bias May Be Conveyed by Doctors' Body Language, According to New University of Pittsburgh Research
4. BestInterracialDatingSites.com Launched to Provide Comprehensive Reviews of the Top Interracial Dating Sites
5. Study Finds Racial Treatment Disparities Lower Survival Odds for Some Mesothelioma Patients, According to Surviving Mesothelioma
6. WSU deadly force lab finds racial disparities in shootings
7. Racial Disparities in Breast-Feeding May Start With Hospitals, Study Suggests
8. Study offers new clues about the source of racial health disparities
9. Racial disparities in sentinel lymph node biopsy in women with breast cancer
10. Some racial disparities in childbirth more environmental than genetic
11. Potential biological factor contributing to racial disparities in prostate cancer
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/30/2021)... , ... March 29, 2021 , ... ... the 21st Century , A Virtual Workshop Presented by WCG FDAnews and Cerulean ... 4:30 pm EDT, https://wcg.swoogo.com/modern-sop-and-quality-systems , Are one’s SOPs written for the ...
(Date:3/30/2021)... ... March 29, 2021 , ... According to data released ... reproductive age (13-44) in need of publicly funded contraception live in counties impacted by ... Colorado’s 64 counties have lost some of their Title X resources. , The ...
(Date:3/30/2021)... ... March 29, 2021 , ... Health Literacy Innovations (HLI), a ... confusion due to low health literacy today announces a new partnership with the ... work with ACAP’s member Safety Net Health Plans, those that provide comprehensive health ...
(Date:3/30/2021)... ... ... Dr. Colin Campbell is proud to announce the 1 year anniversary in their new state ... internal medicine and is a primary care specialist who has been practicing for 23 years. ... keep South Jersey healthy one patient at a time. , “Over the past year, Dr. ...
(Date:3/30/2021)... ... March 30, 2021 , ... The COVID-19 ... and survivors; their families; and their caregivers. Crossroads4Hope is addressing the needs of ... emotional support system, MyGo2Support, which meets needs of people impacted by cancer, no ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/30/2021)... ... March 29, 2021 , ... The University of Texas Health Science Center ... San Antonio Multispecialty and Research Hospital, a destination center for research and treatment of ... In a nod to the COVID-19 pandemic, the ceremony was held virtually. , William ...
(Date:3/30/2021)... ... March 29, 2021 , ... Iora Health ... primary care, has partnered with Devoted Health , one of the fastest-growing ... across Maricopa County and provides seniors with the highest-quality care and experience possible, ...
(Date:3/30/2021)... CITY (PRWEB) , ... March 29, 2021 , ... ... has joined the Vaccine Credential Initiative (VCI), a group bringing together leading health ... record of vaccination status, based on open, interoperable standards. By joining the VCI ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: