Navigation Links
RSNA: Wii Balance Board Induces Changes in the Brains of MS Patients
Date:8/25/2014

OAK BROOK, Ill. (PRWEB) August 25, 2014

A balance board accessory for a popular video game console can help people with multiple sclerosis (MS) reduce their risk of accidental falls, according to new research published online in the journal Radiology. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans showed that use of the Nintendo Wii Balance Board system appears to induce favorable changes in brain connections associated with balance and movement.

Balance impairment is one of the most common and disabling symptoms of MS, a disease of the central nervous system in which the body’s immune system attacks the protective sheath around nerve fibers. Physical rehabilitation is often used to preserve balance, and one of the more promising new tools is the Wii Balance Board System, a battery-powered device about the size and shape of a bathroom scale. Users stand on the board and shift their weight as they follow the action on the television screen during games like slalom skiing.

While Wii balance board rehabilitation has been reported as effective in patients with MS, little is known about the underlying physiological basis for any improvements in balance.

Researchers recently used an MRI technique called diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to study changes in the brains of 27 MS patients who underwent a 12-week intervention using Wii balance board-based visual feedback training. DTI is a non-conventional MRI technique that allows detailed analysis of the white matter tracts that transmit nervous signals through the brain and body.

MRI scans of the MS patients showed significant effects in nerve tracts that are important in balance and movement. The changes seen on MRI correlated with improvements in balance as measured by an assessment technique called posturography.

These brain changes in MS patients are likely a manifestation of neural plasticity, or the ability of the brain to adapt and form new connections throughout life, according to lead author Luca Prosperini, M.D., Ph.D., from Sapienza University in Rome, Italy.

“The most important finding in this study is that a task-oriented and repetitive training aimed at managing a specific symptom is highly effective and induces brain plasticity,” he said. “More specifically, the improvements promoted by the Wii balance board can reduce the risk of accidental falls in patients with MS, thereby reducing the risk of fall-related comorbidities like trauma and fractures.”

Dr. Prosperini noted that similar plasticity has been described in persons who play video games, but the exact mechanisms behind the phenomenon are still unknown. He hypothesized that changes can occur at the cellular level within the brain and may be related to myelination, the process of building the protective sheath around the nerves.

The rehabilitation-induced improvements did not persist after the patients discontinued the training protocol, Dr. Prosperini said, most likely because certain skills related to structural changes to the brain after an injury need to be maintained through training.

“This finding should have an important impact on the rehabilitation process of patients, suggesting that they need ongoing exercises to maintain good performance in daily living activities,” Dr. Prosperini said.

###

“Multiple Sclerosis: Changes in Microarchitecture of White Matter Tracts after Training with a Video Game Balance Board.” Collaborating with Dr. Prosperini were Fulvia Fanelli, M.D., Nikolaos Petsas, M.D., Ph.D., Emilia Sbardella, M.D., Ph.D., Francesca Tona, M.D., Eytan Raz, M.D., Deborah Fortuna, M.S., Floriana De Angelis, M.D., Carlo Pozzilli, M.D., Ph.D., and Patrizia Pantano, M.D.

Radiology is edited by Herbert Y. Kressel, M.D., Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass., and owned and published by the Radiological Society of North America, Inc. (http://radiology.rsna.org/)

RSNA is an association of more than 53,000 radiologists, radiation oncologists, medical physicists and related scientists promoting excellence in patient care and health care delivery through education, research and technologic innovation. The Society is based in Oak Brook, Ill. (RSNA.org)

For patient-friendly information on MRI of the brain, visit RadiologyInfo.org.

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2014/08/prweb12105542.htm.


'/>"/>
Source: PRWeb
Copyright©2014 Vocus, Inc.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. RSNA: New Study Finds Brain Angioplasty and Stents Safe and Effective for Stroke Patients
2. RSNA: Benefits of CT Outweigh Cancer Risks in Young Adults
3. RSNA: Digital Mammography Cancer Detection Rates May Vary Significantly
4. RSNA: ‘Heading’ a Soccer Ball Could Lead to Brain Injury
5. RSNA: Concussion Patients Show Alzheimer’s-like Brain Abnormalities
6. RSNA: Atherosclerosis in Abdominal Aorta May Signal Future Heart Attack, Stroke
7. RSNA: Exercise Benefits Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
8. RSNA: Fat in Organs and Blood May Increase Risk of Osteoporosis
9. RSNA: Hospital Mammography Recall Rates Higher
10. RSNA: Some Women With Abnormal Breast Lesions May Avoid Surgery
11. RSNA: Tomosynthesis Reduces Breast Cancer Screening Recall Rate
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/25/2017)... ... ... is Men’s Health Month and the focus is on prostate cancer. Second only ... and the third most common cause of cancer related death today; lung cancer remains in ... diagnosed with prostate cancer during his lifetime. Those at highest risk are men ...
(Date:6/24/2017)... ... June 24, 2017 , ... The weather is heating up and the days ... owners should be aware that the summer months provide more than warmer temperatures that ... keys can be negatively affected from direct exposure to the sun. When it comes ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... Beach, CA (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2017 , ... ... has earned its ninth consecutive four-star rating from premier online charity evaluator, Charity Navigator, ... in the top 1% of all charities reviewed by Charity Navigator and earns ANRF ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... NY (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2017 , ... ... certified plastic surgeon practicing in Newburgh, New York, has recently begun offering three ... Committed to offering the best cutting-edge procedures and reducing downtime, Dr. Rubinstein is ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... ... The Aesthetic Channel has recently highlighted Dr. Ben Talei’s unique approach to ... technique that he calls the AuraLyft Facelift. The AuraLyft does more than ... expect to look refreshed, rejuvenated, and revitalized. , Dr. Talei’s unique approach stems ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/14/2017)... June 14, 2017  ivWatch LLC, a medical device ... intravenous (IV) therapy, is pleased to announce it was ... Nonsurgical Hospital Supplies and Equipment at the 2017 Medical ... the medtech industry. The award was presented by Medical ... Javits Center in New York ...
(Date:6/11/2017)...  Eli Lilly and Company (NYSE: LLY ) ... of galcanezumab, an investigational treatment for the prevention of ... key secondary endpoints for galcanezumab compared to placebo at ... EVOLVE-2 and REGAIN) will be presented today at the ... Boston . "The detailed ...
(Date:6/8/2017)...   Responding to Heath Ledger,s father,s recent ... singer Chris Cornell in May, the mental health ... free online psychiatric drug side effects search ... psychotropic drug risks. The father of the ... accidental overdose, has called for tighter rules on prescription drugs. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: