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RA individuals from lower GDP countries keep working despite worse symptoms than richer countries
Date:6/12/2009

Copenhagen, Denmark, Friday 12 June 2009: Individuals diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in lower gross domestic product (GDP) countries (GDP below $11,000) are more likely to continue working despite higher disease activity and functional disability scores compared to their counterparts in higher GDP countries (GDP >$24,000) according to a new multinational study presented today at EULAR 2009, the Annual Congress of the European League Against Rheumatism in Copenhagen, Denmark.

Among 1,650 individuals from 30 countries whose symptoms had begun during the 2000's and who remained working after RA diagnosis, disability levels according to the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ*) were 0.25 vs. 0.82 in men and 0.50 vs. 0.94 in women (p<0.001) in higher-GDP and lower-GDP countries, respectively, and the Disease Activity Scores (DAS28**) were 3.1 vs. 4.7 in men, and 3.5 vs. 4.8 in women (p<0.001). A Kaplan-Meier analysis (95% CI) showed that the probability of individuals continuing work for 2 years was 80% and the probability of continuing to work for 5 years was 68%.

Dr Tuulikki Sokka, Jyvskyl Central Hospital, Finland, who leads the project said: "Work disability is the most costly consequence of RA, and the rheumatology community would welcome better treatment strategies to effectively address this. However, real-life data from 30 countries indicate that work disability is still a major issue in early RA during this decade, and especially in low-GDP countries where people continue to work with considerable disease activity and functional limitations."

The results of the study showed that, at the time of symptom onset, 68% (<65 years) of subjects were working, but 35% of these reported that they subsequently became 'work disabled' due to RA. Notably, this proportion of people with RA was similar in both lower and higher GDP countries at 5 years.

Subjects for the study were derived from The Quantitative Standard Monitoring
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Contact: Rory Berrie
eularpressoffice@uk.cohnwolfe.com
44-789-438-6425
European League Against Rheumatism
Source:Eurekalert

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