Navigation Links
Quitting menthol cigarettes may be harder for some smokers
Date:12/21/2010

Menthol cigarettes may be harder to quit, particularly for some teens and African-Americans, who have the highest menthol cigarette use, according to a study by a team of researchers.

Recent studies have consistently found that racial/ethnic minority smokers of menthol cigarettes have a lower quit rate than comparable smokers of regular cigarettes, particularly among younger smokers.

One possible reason suggested in the report is that the menthol effect is influenced by economic factors -- less affluent smokers are more affected by price increases, forcing them to consume fewer cigarettes per day.

"This pattern of results is consistent with an effect that relies on menthol to facilitate increased nicotine intake from fewer cigarettes where economic pressures restrict the number of cigarettes smokers can afford to purchase," said Jonathan Foulds, Ph.D., professor, Public Health Sciences, Penn State College of Medicine, and an author of the report.

Menthol is a compound extracted from mint oils or produced synthetically that activates cold-sensitive neurons in the nervous system. Menthol cigarettes make up about 25 percent of the market but are preferred by certain subgroups of smokers, including about half of teenage smokers and 80 percent of African-American smokers.

Research has shown that menthol cigarettes may provide higher levels of carbon monoxide, nicotine and cotinine per cigarette smoked than regular cigarettes.

"Menthol stimulates cold receptors, so it produces a cooling sensation," Foulds said. "This effect may help smokers inhale more nicotine per cigarette and so become more addicted. In effect it helps the poison go down easier.

"The smoker who has reduced their cigarette consumption typically compensates by increasing inhalation per cigarette. Menthol in cigarettes makes the smoke less harsh, enabling these smokers to obtain a larger and more reinforcing nicotine hit."

The researchers, who published their results in a special issue of the journal Nicotine and Tobacco Research, reviewed the evidence from 10 published studies that compared smoking cessation rates or proportions between mentholated and regular cigarette smokers.

Not all of the studies included in the report found an effect of menthol on quitting, and no studies to date have been specifically designed to look at menthol and cessation, but the effects of menthol on quitting were larger in more recent studies, in younger smokers and largely restricted to African-American and Latino smokers.


'/>"/>

Contact: Matt Solovey
msolovey@hmc.psu.edu
717-531-8606
Penn State
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Quitting smoking especially difficult for select groups
2. Unmet expectations and smoking prove key factors in quitting bladder medication
3. Patients Could Use More Help Quitting Smoking
4. FDA Mulling Ban on Menthol Cigarettes
5. FDA Advisers Renew Review on Whether to Ban Menthol Cigarettes
6. Cigars, Pipes No Healthy Alternative to Cigarettes
7. Electronic Cigarettes Are Tobacco Products, States AAPHP
8. Electronic Cigarettes Continue to Experience Popularity Growth
9. Food and Drug Administration Issues Final Rule Regarding Sale, Distribution, and Use of Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco
10. Researchers demonstrate that safe cigarettes are as hazardous as tobacco
11. More Cancer-Causing Chemicals in U.S. Cigarettes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/25/2017)... , ... March 25, 2017 , ... Getting earned media ... public relations partner. , All through the year, Garden Media aims to provide ... working with key influencers and pitching client’s key messages to gain coveted ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... Infectious disease ... hospitals in the United States, it’s a threat that is constantly changing and ... infection prevention and offers strategies for the healthcare community to help decrease the ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... March 24, 2017 , ... The iaedp ... and other medical professionals caring for those suffering from the full spectrum of disordered ... 800, as eating disorders professionals from nearly all 50 states and several countries converged ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... 24, 2017 , ... Northridge dentists, Dr. Michel ... sleep apnea and TMJ at their office. TMJ, or temporomandibular joint disorder, has ... type, is increasingly being treated at dental offices with newly developed procedures and ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... ... of enhancements, upgrading their training and leads programs. , In February, 2017, Empower ... elite sales agents, Performance Partners is designed to teach how to maximize their ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/24/2017)... FinancialBuzz.com News Commentary   ... Medical cannabis products around the world are projected to gain popularity. A ... market will reach a value of USD 55.8 billion by 2025. ... growing industry. By the end of 2016, 28 states have now laws ... conservative states like Arkansas and North ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... -- Global Ampoules Market report provides a ... and industry chain structure. The Ampoules market analysis is ... landscape analysis, and major regions, development status. ... Complete ... 10 company profiles and 183 tables and figures is ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... , March 24, 2017  Eli Lilly and ... plans to invest $850 million in its U.S. ... across its U.S. enterprise, including research laboratories, manufacturing ... are being driven by demand for Lilly products, ... medicines in development targeting cancer, pain, diabetes and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: