Navigation Links
Quitting menthol cigarettes may be harder for some smokers
Date:12/21/2010

Menthol cigarettes may be harder to quit, particularly for some teens and African-Americans, who have the highest menthol cigarette use, according to a study by a team of researchers.

Recent studies have consistently found that racial/ethnic minority smokers of menthol cigarettes have a lower quit rate than comparable smokers of regular cigarettes, particularly among younger smokers.

One possible reason suggested in the report is that the menthol effect is influenced by economic factors -- less affluent smokers are more affected by price increases, forcing them to consume fewer cigarettes per day.

"This pattern of results is consistent with an effect that relies on menthol to facilitate increased nicotine intake from fewer cigarettes where economic pressures restrict the number of cigarettes smokers can afford to purchase," said Jonathan Foulds, Ph.D., professor, Public Health Sciences, Penn State College of Medicine, and an author of the report.

Menthol is a compound extracted from mint oils or produced synthetically that activates cold-sensitive neurons in the nervous system. Menthol cigarettes make up about 25 percent of the market but are preferred by certain subgroups of smokers, including about half of teenage smokers and 80 percent of African-American smokers.

Research has shown that menthol cigarettes may provide higher levels of carbon monoxide, nicotine and cotinine per cigarette smoked than regular cigarettes.

"Menthol stimulates cold receptors, so it produces a cooling sensation," Foulds said. "This effect may help smokers inhale more nicotine per cigarette and so become more addicted. In effect it helps the poison go down easier.

"The smoker who has reduced their cigarette consumption typically compensates by increasing inhalation per cigarette. Menthol in cigarettes makes the smoke less harsh, enabling these smokers to obtain a larger and more reinforcing nicotine hit."

The researchers, who published their results in a special issue of the journal Nicotine and Tobacco Research, reviewed the evidence from 10 published studies that compared smoking cessation rates or proportions between mentholated and regular cigarette smokers.

Not all of the studies included in the report found an effect of menthol on quitting, and no studies to date have been specifically designed to look at menthol and cessation, but the effects of menthol on quitting were larger in more recent studies, in younger smokers and largely restricted to African-American and Latino smokers.


'/>"/>

Contact: Matt Solovey
msolovey@hmc.psu.edu
717-531-8606
Penn State
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Quitting smoking especially difficult for select groups
2. Unmet expectations and smoking prove key factors in quitting bladder medication
3. Patients Could Use More Help Quitting Smoking
4. FDA Mulling Ban on Menthol Cigarettes
5. FDA Advisers Renew Review on Whether to Ban Menthol Cigarettes
6. Cigars, Pipes No Healthy Alternative to Cigarettes
7. Electronic Cigarettes Are Tobacco Products, States AAPHP
8. Electronic Cigarettes Continue to Experience Popularity Growth
9. Food and Drug Administration Issues Final Rule Regarding Sale, Distribution, and Use of Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco
10. Researchers demonstrate that safe cigarettes are as hazardous as tobacco
11. More Cancer-Causing Chemicals in U.S. Cigarettes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... 23, 2017 , ... New patients from Charleston, SC, are now welcome to ... Mt. Pleasant, SC, with or without a referral. A full mouth reconstruction can transform ... teeth in Charleston, SC. Those who suffer from gum disease, misaligned teeth or ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... May 23, 2017 , ... New patients looking ... System™ Orthodontics, with or without a referral, from the multi-specialty Dr. Smile practice. ... who is skilled in providing patients with the custom, convenient and long-lasting orthodontic ...
(Date:5/22/2017)... ... May 22, 2017 , ... ... North America for the scientific development, healthcare training and clinical application of medical ... in becoming certified to perform medical thermal imaging services. , The first new ...
(Date:5/22/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Today, Our Urgent Care celebrates the grand opening of its ... ceremony. Since opening over a month ago, Our Urgent Care Washington has enjoyed ... new Our Urgent Care walk-in clinic is located at 3195 Phoenix Center Dr., Washington, ...
(Date:5/22/2017)... , ... May 22, 2017 , ... Galena, Alaska, has ... Arctic Circle made big headlines when it was targeted to build a nuclear plant ... Bush Alaska,” former city manager Marvin L. Yoder describes the journey to get power ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/22/2017)... N.Y. , May 22, 2017  Lilac ... treatment Gene-Eden-VIR/Novirin, announces the launch of a ... English, the results of a clinical study that ... year treatment with Gene-Eden-VIR/Novirin in individuals suffering from ... to note that there are no other treatments ...
(Date:5/18/2017)... -- Bayer announced today that the latest research from across ... 53 rd Annual Meeting of the American Society ... Chicago . The ... and thyroid cancers, as well as lymphomas, and includes ... of copanlisib in patients with relapsed or refractory follicular ...
(Date:5/12/2017)... and Canada joint tech company Laughing Face has ... detergent, and features a powerful disinfection process. The company ... washes and sanitizes women,s panties or babies, cloth diapers in 25 ... ... an external water inlet. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: