Navigation Links
Quick-Reversal Method May Be at Hand for New Blood Thinner
Date:6/20/2012

WEDNESDAY, June 20 (HealthDay News) -- Newer blood-thinning drugs sometimes have one drawback: In cases where they trigger bleeding, their effects can be tough to reverse compared to the standard anticoagulant, warfarin.

Now, a new study finds there are three different approaches to reverse the action of one new blood thinner, apixaban (Eliquis) -- a drug that's currently under review by the U.S. Federal Drug Administration.

Researchers in Spain noted that it remains unclear which method for reversing this new drug might be best.

"If you have an accident or need emergency surgery, doctors have three ways to reverse [the older, standby blood-thinner] warfarin that work in a matter of minutes to hours. In contrast, there is little information on how best to reverse the effects of newer anticoagulants, which can take 10 to 18 hours," study author Dr. Gines Escolar, an associate professor of hematology at the University of Barcelona, explained in an American Heart Association news release.

Newer blood thinners, such as apixaban and rivaroxaban [Xarelto, already FDA-approved], typically require less frequent blood tests compared to warfarin, have fewer interactions with foods or other medications and have less variation in dosages.

Nevertheless, "despite these advantages, there is one common side effect of all blood thinners that can be severe -- excess bleeding," Escolar explained.

In conducting the study, the researchers added a high dose of apixaban to blood from healthy donors to test the effects of various methods of reversing blood thinners on the new drug. They found that two blood-clotting agents -- prothrombin complex concentrates and activated prothrombin complex concentrates -- were more efficient than recombinant factor VII in reversing apixaban. Recombinant factor VII, however, was the first to produce a blood clot and was also most effective in studies with blood circulating through a damaged blood vessel.

"The good news is that the various lab tests applied indicate that these approaches may reverse the effects of apixaban," Escolar concluded. "But, even with the favorable results in perfusion [restoration of blood flow] studies using a damaged vessel, we're far from knowing what will work best in a bleeding patient. Resolving efficacy and safety issues will require a clinical trial."

One expert in the United States said that determining a quick, safe way of reversing apixaban would be key to its use.

"Apixaban, which is being considered for use in the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with [the irregular heartbeat] atrial fibrillation, can be an attractive alternative to warfarin and heparin also used in similar patients," said Dr. David Friedman, a cardiologist at North Shore-LIJ's Plainview Hospital in Plainview, N.Y.

"The hope would be for these researchers to next show a safe, effective and quick way to clinically reverse the anticoagulant effects of apixaban on patients with atrial fibrillation who come to the ER with a new bleeding event," he said. If such a method of reversal is confirmed, "clinicians may start to feel more comfortable with the advantages of these newer medicines," he said.

Apixaban has already been approved in Europe for preventing blood clots in adults after knee or hip replacement surgery. The drug is currently under review by the U.S. Federal Drug Administration to prevent stroke in people with atrial fibrillation.

The study, presented in the American Heart Association's Emerging Science Series, was partially funded by Bristol-Myers Squibb, which is developing apixaban.

More information

The U.S. National Institutes of Health has more about blood thinners.

-- Mary Elizabeth Dallas

SOURCE: David A. Friedman, M.D., cardiologist, North Shore-LIJ Plainview Hospital, Plainview, N.Y.; American Heart Association, news release, June 20, 2012


'/>"/>
Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Safer Grilling Methods Might Cut Cancer Risk
2. Hear to see: New method for the treatment of visual field defects
3. OHSU Oregon National Primate Research Center develops new, safer method for making vaccines
4. Advanced genetic screening method may speed vaccine development
5. New method to measure work addiction
6. New Method to Reveal Alzheimers Marker Shows Promise
7. Nonsurgical Method to Measure Brain Pressure Shows Promise
8. Dramatic Rise in Kids Hospitalized With High Blood Pressure: Study
9. Long-Term Salty Diets Tied Again to High Blood Pressure
10. Nanoparticles engineered at Notre Dame promise to improve blood cancer treatment
11. 9 in 10 Blacks With High Blood Pressure Have Early Heart Disease
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Quick-Reversal Method May Be at Hand for New Blood Thinner
(Date:3/24/2017)... FL (PRWEB) , ... March 24, 2017 , ... ... Inc. ( http://www.hygieacare.com ) announced their partnership to prep patients for colonoscopy at ... Endoscopy Centers in 87th Ave., Miami, FL. , The HyGIeaCare® ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... 2017 , ... “Finding Christ Through Social Media: Year One ... the writer’s path toward true communion with God. “Finding Christ Through Social Media: ... creation of published author Lea Michelle Johnson, a follower of Christ, wife and ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... “The Communion of ... people of God in congregations across the United States. “The Communion of ... in 1964 who has served congregations in seven states throughout his long career ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... CO (PRWEB) , ... March 23, 2017 , ... A ... bar for entry into teacher preparation programs. The NCTQ report suggests, based on a ... entry requirements would significantly improve teacher quality in the U.S. It argues that this ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... March 23, 2017 , ... Texas ... located at 960 Gruene Road in Building 2. The clinic is the group’s second ... Bennett, PT, says opening the company’s second New Braunfels location brings things full circle ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/24/2017)... -- The Board of Directors of Nordic Nanovector ... including the complete 2016 Annual Accounts with notes. The report ... website in the section Investor Relations/Reports and presentations/Annual Reports. ... For further ... Financial Officer Cell: +47-91-51-95-76 Email: ir@nordicnanovector.com ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition ... Replacement Procedure By Technique, Repair Procedure By Technique, By Region, By ... ... forecasted to grow at a CAGR of 13.35% during 2016-2021 ... rising aging population, growth in population with heart disease and rising ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... 2017 As a result of diagnostic ... prevalence of allergic diseases, cutting edge developments in ... the ways in which pharmaceutical and biotech companies ... to be both a high quality meeting and ... groups, immunologists, research scholars and doctors. The event ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: