Navigation Links
Public health clinic study links 'Americanization' and depression
Date:8/12/2008

A study of 439 U.S. and Mexican-born Latinas seeking pregnancy and postpartum services at public health clinics in San Antonio uncovered elevated levels of depression among the more "Americanized" women, report researchers from The University of Texas School of Public Health and The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio in the most recent online issue of the Maternal and Child Health Journal.

"Americanization" or acculturation is the process by which immigrants adopt the lifestyle and customs of their host nation, and key indicators include preferred language and place of birth, lead author Marivel Davila said. Davila is a graduate student at the UT School of Public Health and a quantitative research analyst at the UT Health Science Center at San Antonio.

Elevated levels of depression were reported by the women born in the United States, as well as those who asked to conduct their interviews in English. Two non-acculturation variables were associated with elevated depression - being single and being pregnant.

"Screening for depression during pregnancy is important for this population group, given Latinas' high rates of fertility and births to single women, particularly among more acculturated U.S.- born Latinas," Davila and her colleagues wrote in the article.

According to the National Center for Health Statistics, single motherhood among Latinas in Texas exceeds the national average. In Texas in 2005, 43 percent of all Latina births were to single women. Nationally, the overall average was 37 percent.

"The sample for this study was a low-income population," Davila said. "Our conclusions may or may not be different for women in other socioeconomic status (SES) groups. Hence, more research needs to be conducted among Latinas from differing SES groups, including research focusing on the role of social support and cultural values/beliefs related to childbirth and pregnancy among Latinas."

The women were interviewed in eight family planning clinics and six prenatal clinics of the San Antonio Metropolitan Health District (SAMHD) between May and August of 2003. Of the participants, 318 were born in Mexico and 121 in the United States. They were given the choice of conducting the interview in English or Spanish.

"The higher prevalence rate of depression in Americanized Latina women is of concern in our community as the population demographics clearly indicate a significant rate of growth of this group in their childbearing years," said Fernando A. Guerra, M.D., director of health for the San Antonio Metropolitan Health District. "Thus, it is important to more clearly understand the circumstances that affect their physical and emotional well-being during pregnancy so that preventive measures can be initiated. This is critical for the overall health of both the mother and child."

Women in the study were part of the Perinatal Depression Project for Healthy Start, an initiative to provide mental health services to pregnant and postpartum women by SAMHD. They were screened for depressive symptoms using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies - Depression (CES-D) Scale, a 20-item, questionnaire designed to gauge the level of depressive symptoms over the previous week. Women with a score of 21 or greater were classified as having elevated depressive symptoms.

"Women who were US-born were significantly more likely than Mexican-born women to meet the cutoff score (21 on the CES-D scale)," the authors wrote. "Women who conducted their interview in English were significantly more likely to express depressive symptoms compared to women who conducted their interview in Spanish."

Davila said symptoms of depression may include: emotional stress, helplessness, irritability and anger. Symptoms specific to the pregnancy and postpartum period can include overly intense worries about the baby, and a lack of interest or fear of harming the baby.


'/>"/>

Contact: Robert Cahill
Robert.Cahill@uth.tmc.edu
713-500-3042
University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. National Quality Forum Endorses National Consensus Standards Promoting Accountability and Public Reporting
2. Public Interest Groups Back Federal Court Appeal to Implement New U.S. Patent Rules; Proposed Regulations Would Curtail Abusive Behavior by Patent Applicants
3. Jean-Yves Naouri to Oversee Publicis Healthcare Communications Group (PHCG)
4. Fast Radios Announces Publication of Two Way Radio Guide for Commercial Customers
5. AutoGenomics, Inc. Files Registration Statement for Initial Public Offering
6. Lorillard Tobacco Company Comments on Harvard School of Public Health Report
7. Orion Health's Dr. Chris Hobson Selected to Speak at World Congress Public Health Conference
8. Hennepin County, Minnesota Selects Lagan Human Services(TM) to Support Human Services and Public Health Department e-Government Initiative
9. Legendary Sports Icons, Nadia Comaneci and Mark Spitz, Support Your Personal Best Public Education Campaign
10. Partnership Seeks to Strengthen Ethiopian Public Health System
11. Improving Health Care for the Worlds Poor: Public Health Experts Suggest Future Steps at Wilson Center
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/24/2017)... ... April 24, 2017 , ... symplrTM, a leading provider of ... that Kyle Allain has joined the company as Vice President and General Manager ... provider, payor and managed care solutions. , A seasoned executive with more ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... ... April 24, 2017 , ... In ... be diagnosed globally; approximately 25,000 of them will be malignant.(1) As research into ... this type of healthcare model in the diagnosis and treatment of brain tumors. ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... ... April 24, 2017 , ... Rod Burkett, CEO of Gardant ... website. , Rod has been at the forefront of Gardant since it was founded ... Rod has overseen the opening of more than 40 new senior living communities. With ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... ... April 24, 2017 , ... As a former supermodel known for her ... good news for single women is that she put all the words in her ... 25th. Joan's insight, personal experiences and sparkling sense of humor have inspired her to ...
(Date:4/24/2017)... ... April 24, 2017 , ... ... familiar. This makes it difficult for lab operators and management to assess these ... help them identify wasteful or unnecessary actions. , Created with the help ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/20/2017)... Sweden , April 20, 2017 ... NEVPF) ("NeuroVive") today announced positive preclinical results ... preclinical compound for non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), in ... NV556 has previously shown ... NASH model. Today, NeuroVive,s scientists present novel ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... April 19, 2017  IRIDEX Corporation (Nasdaq: ... results for the first quarter 2017 after the close ... management team will host a corresponding conference call beginning ... Investors interested in listening to the conference call ... callers or (703) 326-3030 for international callers, using conference ...
(Date:4/19/2017)...  Sorrento Therapeutics, Inc. (NASDAQ: SRNE ... new treatments for cancer and other unmet medical ... announced underwritten public offering of 23,625,084 shares of ... of $2.00 per share, before deducting underwriting discounts ... Sorrento.  The net proceeds to Sorrento from this ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: