An example of a policy that hasnt worked, Cummings says, is the European Unions (EU) establishment of maximum emission standards for tar and nicotine. The goal was to make cigarettes less toxic, but the testing method adopted by the EU was flawed and cigarette makers increased filter ventilation to get around the new rules. Actual exposure to toxins didnt change. The well intentioned, but flawed EU policy has given smokers the false illusion that their cigarettes deliver less tar and nicotine, when they dont, he said.
The ITC has also established the first international cigarette repository, which currently holds 10,000 cigarette pack varieties from 15 different countries. This research shows that tobacco manufacturers alter their products frequently without revealing that they are doing so, he says. Foods and drugs are regulated so that consumers are informed when the products are altered. The same should be true for tobacco products, Cummings said.
Physician Intentions and HPV Vaccination: The First Year. Abstract no. A104
Before last summer, when the FDA approved use of the first vaccine developed to prevent cervical cancer, 92 percent of several hundred family care physicians surveyed in the poorer urban areas of metropolitan New York City said they would recommend the vaccine to their young female patients. But over a year later, only 10 percent of these same physicians had actually vaccinated some of their patients, report researchers at Columbia University.
While vaccines usually take time to come into widesprea
|Contact: Greg Lester|
American Association for Cancer Research