Navigation Links
Psychological study reveals that red enhances men's attraction to women
Date:10/27/2008

A groundbreaking study by two University of Rochester psychologists to be published online Oct. 28 by the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology adds colorliterally and figurativelyto the age-old question of what attracts men to women.

Through five psychological experiments, Andrew Elliot, professor of psychology, and Daniela Niesta, post-doctoral researcher, demonstrate that the color red makes men feel more amorous toward women. And men are unaware of the role the color plays in their attraction.

The research provides the first empirical support for society's enduring love affair with red. From the red ochre used in ancient rituals to today's red-light districts and red hearts on Valentine's Day, the rosy hue has been tied to carnal passions and romantic love across cultures and millennia. But this study, said Elliot, is the only work to scientifically document the effects of color on behavior in the context of relationships.

"It's only recently that psychologists and researchers in other disciplines have been looking closely and systematically at the relationship between color and behavior. Much is known about color physics and color physiology, but very little about color psychology," said Elliot. "It's fascinating to find that something as ubiquitous as color can be having an effect on our behavior without our awareness."

Although this aphrodisiacal effect of red may be a product of societal conditioning alone, the authors argue that men's response to red more likely stems from deeper biological roots. Research has shown that nonhuman male primates are particularly attracted to females displaying red. Female baboons and chimpanzees, for example, redden conspicuously when nearing ovulation, sending a clear sexual signal designed to attract males.

"Our research demonstrates a parallel in the way that human and nonhuman male primates respond to red," concluded the authors. "In doing so, our findings confirm what many women have long suspected and claimed that men act like animals in the sexual realm. As much as men might like to think that they respond to women in a thoughtful, sophisticated manner, it appears that at least to some degree, their preferences and predilections are, in a word, primitive."

To quantify the red effect, the study looked at men's responses to photographs of women under a variety of color presentations. In one experiment, test subjects looked at a woman's photo framed by a border of either red or white and answered a series of questions, such as: "How pretty do you think this person is?" Other experiments contrasted red with gray, green, or blue.

When using chromatic colors like green and blue, the colors were precisely equated in saturation and brightness levels, explained Niesta. "That way the test results could not be attributed to differences other than hue."

In the final study, the shirt of the woman in the photograph, instead of the background, was digitally colored red or blue. In this experiment, men were queried not only about their attraction to the woman, but their intentions regarding dating. One question asked: "Imagine that you are going on a date with this person and have $100 in your wallet. How much money would you be willing to spend on your date?"

Under all of the conditions, the women shown framed by or wearing red were rated significantly more attractive and sexually desirable by men than the exact same women shown with other colors. When wearing red, the woman was also more likely to score an invitation to the prom and to be treated to a more expensive outing.

The red effect extends only to males and only to perceptions of attractiveness. Red did not increase attractiveness ratings for females rating other females and red did not change how men rated the women in the photographs in terms of likability, intelligence or kindness.

Although red enhances positive feelings in this study, earlier research suggests the meaning of a color depends on its context. For example, Elliot and others have shown that seeing red in competition situations, such as written examinations or sporting events, leads to worse performance.

The current findings have clear implications for the dating game, the fashion industry, product design and marketing.


'/>"/>

Contact: Susan Hagen
susan.hagen@rochester.edu
585-276-4061
University of Rochester
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. 1 in 5 bariatric surgery candidates not psychologically cleared for surgery
2. Exercise and psychological counseling could ease cancer-related fatigue
3. Cancer care providers need to proactively address patients psychological and social needs
4. California Wildfires - Psychological Effects; Children ... Psychologist Is Available to Discuss Trauma
5. CME LLC Granted Five-Year Full Approval by the American Psychological Association
6. Understanding College Student Mental Health: The Psychological, Institutional and Legal Issues
7. Many Katrina Survivors Suffered Psychological Symptoms
8. ASPS Studies Re-Evaluate Psychological Benefits and Health Concerns of Silicone Breast Implants
9. Psychotherapist to Young Hollywood Says Male Stars in Psychological Trouble Get a Media Pass as Compared to Female Stars
10. Children who have an active father figure have fewer psychological and behavioral problems
11. Guidelines for evaluation of psychological side-effects of brain injury
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Psychological study reveals that red enhances men's attraction to women
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... Children and adolescents who ... experiences than children in the general population. That’s because foster care is designed ... family challenges. While no fault of their own, youth who have experienced trauma ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... , ... April 28, 2017 , ... ... hERG liability could substantially improve drug safety and minimize the cost of development. ... validating ion channel inhibition using cell lines and for cardiac toxicity using induced ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... 28, 2017 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer at The House of Yahweh in Abilene, ... to and which He does not. Yisrayl says with so many titles and names ... name, but he says with a little Scripture, backed with a lot of research, the ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... 28, 2017 , ... Intellitec Solutions announced the publication of ... Microsoft Dynamics GP solution that integrates to their PointClickCare EHR software package. With ... care, Brooke Grove now has the capability to achieve its goal for a ...
(Date:4/28/2017)... ... April 28, 2017 , ... Rob Lowe is a popular actor ... leant his presence to an educational purpose as the host of the “Informed” series. ... cancer. In a recent episode, the series focuses on thyroid cancer. , Although thyroid ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/20/2017)... DUBLIN , April 20, 2017 ... "Latin America Pharmaceutical Contract Manufacturing Services Market Analysis By Service ... And Segment Forecasts, 2014 - 2025" report to their ... The Latin ... USD 21.0 billion by 2025 Low drug registration ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... , April 19, 2017  IRIDEX Corporation (Nasdaq: ... release financial results for the first quarter 2017 after ... The Company,s management team will host a corresponding conference ... ET. Investors interested in listening to the ... for domestic callers or (703) 326-3030 for international callers, ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... 19, 2017 The Global Effective Microorganisms ... 2022 report has covered and analysed the potential of Global ... market size, shares and growth factors. The report identifies and ... opportunities in the global market. ... Browse 152 Tables and Figures, 6 Major Company Profiles, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: