Navigation Links
Psychological intervention reduces disability and depression in adolescents with fibromyalgia
Date:11/21/2011

A recent trial shows cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) reduces functional disability and depressive symptoms in adolescents with juvenile fibromyalgia. The psychological intervention was found to be safe and effective, and proved to be superior to disease management education. Full findings from this multi-site clinical trial are published in Arthritis & Rheumatism, a peer-reviewed journal of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR).

Medical evidence reports that juvenile fibromyalgia syndrome affects 2% to 7% of school age children. Similar to adult cases, the juvenile form of the disorder primarily strikes adolescent girls. Both adult and juvenile fibromyalgia patients experience widespread musculoskeletal pain, fatigue, as well as sleep and mood disturbances. Previous studies show that juvenile fibromyalgia patients are burdened with substantial physical, school, social and emotional impairments. However, studies investing treatment for the juvenile form of the disorder are limited.

For the current trial, led by Dr. Susmita Kashikar-Zuck from the Division of Behavioral Medicine and Clinical Psychology at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center in Ohio, investigators recruited 114 adolescents between the ages of 11 and 18 years who were diagnosed with juvenile fibromyalgia. The trial was conducted at four pediatric rheumatology centers between December 2005 through 2009, with participants randomized to cognitive-behavioral therapy or fibromyalgia education, receiving eight weekly individual therapy sessions and two additional sessions in the six months following the end of active therapy.

Analyses showed that both patient groups displayed significant reduction in functional disability, pain, and depressive symptoms at the end of the trial. Pediatric participants in the cognitive-behavioral therapy group reported a significantly greater reduction in functional disability compared to those receiving fibromyalgia education. The therapy group had a 37% improvement in disability compared to 12% in the education cohort. Both groups had scores in the non-depressed range by the end of the study, but pain reduction was not clinically significanta decrease in pain of less than 30% for either group.

The drop-out rate was low with over 85% of participants attending all therapy sessions and no study-related adverse events were reported by investigators. "Our trial confirms that cognitive-behavioral therapy is a safe and effective treatment for reducing functional disability and depression in patients with juvenile fibromyalgia," concludes Dr. Kashikar-Zuck. "When added to standard medical care, cognitive-behavioral therapy helps to improve daily functioning and overall wellbeing for adolescents with fibromyalgia."


'/>"/>
Contact: Dawn Peters
healthnews@wiley.com
781-388-8408
Wiley-Blackwell
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Five Organizations Receive APAs Psychologically Healthy Workplace Award, Ten Honored for Best Practices
2. New study reveals prevalence of cyberbullying and its psychological impact on nonheterosexual youth
3. Association for Psychological Science 22nd Annual Convention
4. Childhood psychological problems create long-term economic losses, study finds
5. Kids Psychological Problems Have Long-Term Effects
6. Psychological intervention provides enduring health benefits for women with breast cancer
7. Psychological research conducted in WEIRD nations may not apply to global populations
8. Study: How Palestinian and Israeli children are psychologically scarred by exposure to war
9. Screen time linked to psychological problems in children
10. Could Excess Computer, TV Time Harm Kids Psychologically?
11. New research from Psychological Science
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... Gout is like no other ... that is often severe, with intense swelling and redness. It is triggered by the ... but older adults are the most susceptible, according to the February 2016 issue of ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... , ... For additional information contact Phyllis Strupp 480-488-5858 , Brain improves with ... Ultimate Guide to Brain Training" by award-winning author Phyllis Strupp explains how ... March 16, 2016. A free review copy is available to the media at ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... ... Drive, Jacksonville, FL 32224, February 26th: Amateur & Professional Divisions - Time: ... Time: 7:00pm – 10:00pm | Ticket Prices $30, Social Media: http://www.USPoleSportsFed.org ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... Tennessee (PRWEB) , ... February 09, 2016 , ... A ... reins for Summer 2016. FHU President Joe Wiley made the announcement Monday night, Feb. ... Brad Montague, a 2003 graduate of FHU and the creator of GO! Camp, has ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... It’s that time of year when ... president of the Interscholastic Athletic Association of Maryland (IAAM), Hall of Fame athlete and ... goals are cast aside. , That’s why one of her first decisions when her ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/10/2016)... , February 10, 2016 ... and M 1 receptor selectivity   ... StaR® technology, which has entered clinical development as ... with dementia and schizophrenia.   --> ... technology, which has entered clinical development as a ...
(Date:2/9/2016)... -- Landauer, Inc. (NYSE: LDR ), a recognized leader ... medical physics services and high quality medical consumable accessories, ... quarter ended December 31, 2015. ... Highlights , Revenue of $36.5 million compared to ... Domestic Radiation Measurement services revenues increased 2.8% year-over-year ...
(Date:2/9/2016)...  Sangamo BioSciences, Inc. (NASDAQ: SGMO ), ... its fourth quarter and full year 2015 financial ... therapeutic genome editing," said Edward Lanphier, Sangamo,s president ... (ZFN) technology leads the therapeutic genome editing field ... to move our ground-breaking genome editing programs through ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: