Navigation Links
Psychological Distancing May Be Key to Wisdom
Date:7/21/2011

THURSDAY, July 21 (HealthDay News) -- Wisdom is gained by looking at things from a distance like a "fly on a wall," a new study contends.

By adopting this perspective of psychological distance, people are more likely to reason wisely in their daily lives, researchers from the University of Michigan found.

"Although humans strive to be wise, they often fail to do so when reasoning about issues that have profound personal implications," study co-author Ethan Kross, a U-M psychologist, said in a university news release.

Previous studies have found that people with a universal perspective are actually processing information differently than those with a more self-centered view.

Research has also shown that dialecticism (realizing the world is in flux and the future is likely to change) and intellectual humility (recognizing the limits of one's own knowledge) are key aspects of wise reasoning.

In conducting this latest study, published online in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, researchers examined how the use of both of these aspects of wisdom -- dialecticism and intellectual humility -- varied in two different experiments.

Investigators asked 57 college seniors and recent graduates who were unable to find jobs to choose cards from a deck describing the U.S. recession and high levels of unemployment, and think about how the economy would affect them personally. Next, they were assigned to reason out loud about the topic from either a self-centered or distanced perspective.

"We found that participants who adopted a distanced perspective were significantly more likely to recognize the limits of their knowledge and to acknowledge that the future was likely to change," the study's co-author, U-M psychologist doctoral student Igor Grossmann, said in the news release.

In a second study conducted right before the 2008 U.S. presidential election, the researchers asked 54 politically polarized people to read summaries of the candidates' positions on different political issues, and focus on two issues they felt strongly about. The participants were then asked to reason out loud from either a self-centered or a distanced perspective about how those issues would evolve if their preferred candidate lost the election.

The study found that those who adopted a distanced perspective were more likely to reason wisely. They also became more cooperative and less polarized in their political views, with some even electing to join a bipartisan discussion group.

"It's important to note that these shifts in wise reasoning and behavior occurred in response to relatively simple manipulations," noted Kross. "This suggests that people may not need to go to great lengths to reason wisely in daily life."

The study authors concluded that their findings provide some insight into wisdom. "They contribute to a clearer understanding of how distancing promotes wisdom, and enhance knowledge about how wisdom operates and how it can be cultivated in daily life," Grossmann explained.

More information

The U.S. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke provides more information on the brain.

-- Mary Elizabeth Dallas

SOURCE: University of Michigan, news release, July 12, 2011


'/>"/>
Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. UAB researchers present a study on the psychological adaptation of adopted children
2. Glaucoma patients report a wide range of emotional and psychological changes
3. Psychological effects of BP oil spill go beyond residents of impacted shorelines
4. Broader psychological impact of 2010 BP oil spill
5. Concussed high school athletes who receive neuropsychological testing sidelined longer
6. fMRI special section of Perspectives on Psychological Science
7. Positive psychological changes from meditation training linked to cellular health
8. New research from Psychological Science
9. Could Excess Computer, TV Time Harm Kids Psychologically?
10. Screen time linked to psychological problems in children
11. Study: How Palestinian and Israeli children are psychologically scarred by exposure to war
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Psychological Distancing May Be Key to Wisdom
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... A man who has struggled to quit smoking, a ... Therapy , was determined to find solutions to his problems – and he did. Now ... is ready to introduce his breakthrough inventions to the world and better people's lives. ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... Minn. (PRWEB) , ... February 08, 2016 , ... ... the BantamPro L top-load case packer for pouches, bags, and flow wrapped products ... to help co-packers and specialty product manufacturers step up to semi-automatic or fully-automatic ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... , ... February 08, 2016 , ... If you are ... to handle, you are not alone. According to the Center for Disease Control and ... stroke, type 2 diabetes and certain types of cancer, some of the leading causes ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... , ... February 08, 2016 , ... ... and clothing, announced expansion into Canada to provide its range of unique and ... sales office in Quebec City that will provide bilingual customer service and marketing ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... , ... February 08, 2016 , ... Steve Helwig & ... a vital new community enrichment program, has teamed up with Citizens Opposed to Domestic ... suffering from intimate abuse. To support all those victimized by the fear of violence ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/8/2016)... , Feb. 8, 2016 Velano Vascular, a ... for hospitalized patients and their practitioners, announced today that ... funding. Velano will use the proceeds from this financing, ... completed in January 2015, to support the development and ... and pediatric populations. Philadelphia ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... , Feb. 8, 2016 ... the addition of the "Label-Free Detection ... Forecasts to 2020" report to their ... announced the addition of the "Label-Free ... Global Forecasts to 2020" report to ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ORLANDO, Fla. , Feb. 8, 2016 ... and marketing high performance apparel for healthcare and other ... Bold Chief Executive Officer. He replaces Dale ... and remains Chairman. Mr. Bold is also joining Vestagen,s ... in a new class of active barrier technologies that ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: