MONDAY, Dec. 3 (HealthDay News) -- The long-awaited revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) has been approved, bringing with it a series of revisions, additions and subtractions to the tome that is considered the Bible of psychiatry.
The revision, announced Saturday, has been more than a decade in the making and included input from more than 1,500 experts in all walks of medicine in 39 countries.
The changes to the DSM "will have some impact because there are some substantial changes in diagnostic criteria," said Dr. Bryan Bruno, acting chair of psychiatry at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. "The implications [will relate] not only to insurance coverage but to what we consider psychopathology. That is very much influenced by what the DSM says," he added.
The fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-4) has been in use since 1994. The new DSM-5 will be available in its entirety in the spring of 2013, according to the American Psychiatric Association (APA), which publishes the volume.
"We have produced a manual that best represents the current science and will be useful to clinicians and the patients they serve," APA president Dr. Dilip Jeste said in a statement from the association.
Although the new manual will include roughly the same number of disorders as the one it is replacing, a number of changes in content are significant.
One of the biggest revisions is a change in nomenclature for "autistic disorder," which will now be known as "autism spectrum disorder." That means Asperger's syndrome, a less debilitating form of autism, will be folded into the larger category and no longer have its own designation.
This change was met with some concern.
"Although there is a strong scientific rationale for these chan
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