Navigation Links
Prosthetic Ears Boost Hearing After Injury
Date:9/15/2008

Not only restores aesthetics, but also improves speech recognition

MONDAY, Sept. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Prosthetic ears can help improve hearing and speech recognition for people who've lost an outer ear due to injury or cancer surgery, a new U.S. study reports.

In many cases where the outer ear (pinna) has been lost, the external auditory canal is usually intact, and the remainder of the person's hearing system should function normally. "In these patients, the physician must strive not only to correct the aesthetic defect caused by the missing pinna, but also to correct the hearing loss caused by its absence," wrote Dr. William E. Walsh, of Northwestern's Feinberg School of Medicine, and colleagues.

The researchers analyzed eight different silicone rubber prosthetic ears. In the first part of the study, they attached a microphone at the entrance to a simulated ear canal on a life-sized plastic foam head. The microphone measured sound pressure levels both with and without the ear prostheses attached to the head as it was rotated 360 degrees.

On average, the prostheses improved sound pickup by 8.1 decibels (normal conversation is about 60 decibels) when the frequency of sound was 4.6 kilohertz, and by 9.7 decibels when the frequency was 11.5 kilohertz.

The second part of the study included 11 young adults with normal hearing who took part in a speech test involving simulation of hearing problems associated with the loss of an outer ear. In this test, the prosthetic ears improved speech recognition.

The findings were published in the September/October issue of the journal Archives of Facial Plastic Surgery.

"Auricular prostheses provide an acoustic gain at certain head positions and frequencies, and this acoustic gain is clinically relevant, because it benefits speech recognition in noise," the study authors wrote.

"In some individuals, auricular prostheses not only effectively restore aesthetics, but also may improve hearing. To verify the results of the present experiments, the main outcome measures described in this study will be used to obtain future measurements from individuals who wear auricular prostheses."

More information

The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association has more about hearing loss.



-- Robert Preidt



SOURCE: JAMA/Archives journals, news release, Sept. 15, 2008


'/>"/>
Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Amy Street, Certified Prosthetist and Orthotist, Joins BridgePoint Medical Partner, Charlotte Orthotic and Prosthetic Center (COPC)
2. Kaiser Permanente Team Builds Prosthetic Hands for Charity
3. Mayo Clinic researchers discover new diagnostic test for detecting infection in prosthetic joints
4. Palliative Care Programs Could Boost Hospitals Bottom Line
5. Once-Weekly Diabetes Drug Boosts Blood Sugar Control
6. Height May Boost Prostate Cancer Risk, Study Suggests
7. Java gives caffeine-naive a boost, too
8. Indonesias Pharmaceutical companies Get Boost in Competitive Advantage from Launch of Newport Horizon Premium and IDRAC Solutions by Thomson Reuters
9. HRT Drug Boosts Stroke Risk in Older Women
10. Lack of Vitamin D Boosts Death Risk
11. Chickenpox Protection: Get That Booster
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/26/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Pixel Film Studios Released ProSlice Levels, a Media Slicing Effect ... videos a whole new perspective by using the title layers in ProSlice Levels ... , ProSlice Levels contains over 30 Different presets to choose from. FCPX ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Austin residents seeking Mohs surgery services, can now turn to ... Dr. Russell Peckham for medical and surgical dermatology. , Dr. Dorsey brings specialization to ... fellowship in Mohs Micrographic Surgery completed by Dr. Dorsey was under the direction of ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... ... recover from injury. Recently, he has implemented orthobiologic procedures as a method for ... is one of the first doctors to perform the treatment. Orthobiologics are substances ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... June 19, 2016 is World Sickle Cell Observance Day. In an effort ... holistic treatments, Serenity Recovery Center of Marne, Michigan, has issued a pain ... Disease (SCD) is a disorder of the red blood cells, which can cause episodes ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Comfort Keepers® of San Diego, ... and the Road To Recovery® program to drive cancer patients to and from their ... to ensure the highest quality of life and ongoing independence. Getting to and ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... 2016 According to a new ... Pen Needles, Safety Pen Needles), Needle Length (4mm, 5mm, ... Mode of Purchase (Retail, Non-Retail) - Trends & Global ... the market for the forecast period of 2016 to ... Billion by 2021 from USD 1.65 Billion in 2016, ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Belgium , June 24, 2016 ... the appointment of Dr. Edward Futcher ... Non-Executive Director, effective June 23, 2016.Dr. Futcher was ... Nominations and Governance Committees.  As a non-executive member ... independent expertise and strategic counsel to VolitionRx in ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... 23, 2016  MedSource announced today that it ... software solution of choice.  This latest decision demonstrates ... to their clients by offering a state-of-the-art electronic ... establishes nowEDC as the EDC platform of choice ... clients.  "nowEDC has long been a preferred EDC ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: