Navigation Links
Promising strategy for treatment of lung cancer
Date:3/29/2010

A research team at the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, has shown in a study that two closely related enzymes could be targets for the treatment of lung cancer. The discovery was made when the researchers blocked the production of the two enzymes in transgenic mice. This resulted in inhibition of cell growth, fewer tumours and greater survival among the mice.

The article is being published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). With many types of cancer, the growth and spread of tumours is stimulated by Ras and Rho proteins. For these proteins to function, they need to be modified by the closely related enzymes FT and GGT. A number of pharmaceutical companies have therefore developed substances that reduce the activity of these two enzymes with the aim of inhibiting the function of Ras and Rho proteins and so slowing the development of the disease.

However, treatment with various substances to block these two enzymes has often been non-specific, and their efficacy has varied widely. This has made it difficult for researchers to assess the true potential of these enzymes as targets for medicines.

"We therefore developed genetic strategies in mice, known as transgenic mice, to switch off the genes coding for FT and GGT, enabling us to investigate whether a complete blockade of FT or GGT can inhibit the development of lung cancer, and whether this has side-effects in the lungs," explains researcher Anna-Karin Sjgren, who led the study together with Meng Liu, both from the Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine.

In their study, the researchers used transgenic mice which produce a mutated Ras protein that causes lung cancer. First, production of FT or GGT in these mice's lungs was stopped by switching off the relevant genes.

"When we turned off the FT gene, the mice developed fewer lung tumours and lived longer," says Meng Liu. "At cellular level, the blockade of FT meant that the tumour cells were no longer able to divide. When we blocked the production of GGT, we saw the same effects: inhibition of cell growth, fewer lung tumours and improved survival."

In experiments where both genes were switched off at the same time, the number of lung tumours dropped sharply and the mice lived much longer. This means that the absence of these two enzymes does not have any obvious side-effects in the lungs, and that lung tumour cells seem to be more sensitive to the treatment than normal lung cells.

"Our findings show that FT and GGT are promising targets for the treatment of lung cancer," the researchers explain. "The next step in our research is to find out whether blocking these enzymes can have side-effects in other tissues."


'/>"/>

Contact: Anna-Karin Sjgren
anna-karin.sjogren@wlab.gu.se
46-031-342-4723
University of Gothenburg
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. SBRT eliminates tumors with promising survival for early-stage inoperable lung cancer patients
2. New smoking cessation therapy proves promising
3. Lacosamide validated as promising therapy for uncontrolled partial-onset seizures
4. Sytropin HGH Shows Promising Anti-Aging Results
5. New strategy produces promising advance in cancer vaccines
6. Promising therapy for relapsing multibple sclerosis
7. First blinded study of venous insufficiency prevalence in MS shows promising results
8. UH Case Medical Center researchers publish promising findings for advanced cervical cancer
9. Promising new neuroimaging techniques for early detection of Alzheimers disease
10. LSUHSC research yields promising stroke treatment
11. Promising New Results On The Added Safety Of Using SmokeStik Electronic Cigarettes In The Bid To Quit Smoking
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/13/2017)... AR (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... with locations throughout Arkansas that offers insurance and financial preparation services, is providing ... the Rock City Rescue organization. , Rock City Rescue is a locally recognized ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... Nevada (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... Hemp CBD Oil utilizing Purzorb™ technology. Applying the Purzorb™process to full spectrum CBD oil ... required and providing a CBD form that can be easily incorporated into liquid products, ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... ... The Visiting Nurse Association (VNA) of Somerset Hills is proud to host ... items from across the nation, this holiday-themed event will raise funds and awareness for ... The boutique will be open Saturday, November 4 (10:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m.) ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... and Agile Software Development, has been awarded a contract by the Center for ... Agreement (BPA) aims to accelerate the enterprise use of Agile methodologies in a ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Planet Fitness, one of the largest ... its plans to open a flagship location in Covington, LA at 401 N. U.S. ... Go store next to Office Depot in the Holiday Square shopping center. Its location ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/12/2017)... Oct. 12, 2017 AVACEN Medical , Inc. ... with their  2017 New Product Innovation Award for Its ... primary and secondary medical device market research by Frost & ... first-to-market OTC, drug-free pain relief product, the AVACEN 100, offers ... treating fibromyalgia widespread pain. ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... 12, 2017 West Pharmaceutical Services, Inc. ... for injectable drug administration, today announced that it will ... on Thursday, October 26, 2017, and will follow with ... expectations at 9:00 a.m. Eastern Time. To participate on ... The conference ID is 94093362. ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... Texas , Oct. 11, 2017  Caris Life ... focused on fulfilling the promise of precision medicine, today ... has joined Caris, Precision Oncology Alliance™ (POA) as its ... cancer centers, the St. Jude Crosson Cancer Institute will ... advance the use of tumor profiling, making cancer treatment ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: