Navigation Links
Profound reorganization in brains of adults who stutter
Date:8/15/2011

Milan, Italy, August 15, 2011 Hearing Beethoven while reciting Shakespeare can suppress even a King's stutter, as recently illustrated in the movie "The King's Speech". This dramatic but short-lived effect of hiding the sound of one's own speech indicates that the integration of hearing and motor functions plays some role in the fluency (or dysfluency) of speech. New research has shown that in adults who have stuttered since childhood the processes of auditory-motor integration are indeed located in a different part of the brain to those in adults who do not stutter. The findings are reported in the September 2011 issue of Elsevier's Cortex.

Dr. Nicole Neef and Dr. Martin Sommer from the University of Goettingen, together with Dr. Bettina Pollok from the University of Duesseldorf, studied the performance of a group of adults who stutter, as well as a control group of adults who do not stutter, in a finger tapping exercise. They used Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) to interfere temporarily with brain activity in the dorsolateral premotor cortex while the participants tapped their fingers in time with the clicks of a metronome. In control subjects, disturbing the left premotor cortex impaired the finger tapping, but disturbing the right premotor cortex had no effect. In stuttering adults, the pattern was reversed: the accuracy of finger tapping was affected by disturbing the right hemisphere, and unaffected when disturbing the left.

Previous research has already linked stuttering with a right-shifted cerebral blood flow in the motor and premotor areas during speech. In this new study, a shift of auditory-motor integration to the right side of the brain occurred even in a task not directly involving speech. Thus, in the brains of adults who stutter there appears to be a profound reorganization possibly compensating for subtle white matter disturbances in other parts of the brain - the left inferior frontal regions. These findings
'/>"/>

Contact: Laura Fabri
l.fabri@elsevier.com
39-028-818-4302
Elsevier
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. CEIT-IK4 designs tool for operations on people with severe or profound auditory loss
2. Like Those in Humans, Baby Chimps Forebrains Immature
3. Concussion Project Finds Disease in Two Autopsied Brains
4. Human Brains Wired to Empathize, Study Finds
5. Picower: 1 skull + 2 brains = 4 objects in mind
6. Some Brains Easily Distracted by Rewarding Stimuli
7. Scientists Find Molecular Similarities in Brains of Those With Autism
8. Mammals Brains Grew Larger to Enhance Sense of Smell: Study
9. Brains of Autistic Kids Still Larger at Age 4, 5
10. Researchers observe disruptions of daily rhythms in Alzheimers patients brains
11. Brains of People with Autism Focus More on Visual Skills
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/17/2014)... presence of chronic inflammation in benign prostate tissue ... and this association was found even in those ... a study published in Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers ... Association for Cancer Research. , An analysis of ... the placebo arm of the Prostate Cancer Prevention ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... study published today in PLOS Pathogens , children ... is common can mount an immune response to infection ... repeated bouts of high fever and illness and partially ... The findings may help researchers develop future interventions that ... parasite. , Each year, approximately 200 million cases of ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... Le Bonheur Children,s Hospital Pediatrician-in-Chief Jon McCullers, MD, ... the April issue of Nature Reviews Microbiology ... Dr. McCullers, a world-renowned infectious disease specialist, ... the University of Tennessee Health Science Center, analyzed ... 1918, 1957 and 1968 pandemics, as well as ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... (April 16, 2014) The cause of neuronal death ... study proposes that neurons may be mistaken for foreign ... similar to the way autoimmune diseases like type I ... cells. The study was published April 16, 2014, in ... and likely controversial, idea in Parkinson,s disease; but if ...
(Date:4/17/2014)... An international team led by researchers at UC Davis ... plays a key role in cell division, also boosts ... the first time the complex has been shown to ... B1/Cdk1 an excellent target to control cellular energy production, ... was published online today in the journal Developmental ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Chronic inflammation may be linked to aggressive prostate cancer 2Health News:Chronic inflammation may be linked to aggressive prostate cancer 3Health News:Study sheds light on how the immune system protects children from malaria 2Health News:Is Parkinson's an autoimmune disease? 2Health News:Dual role: Key cell division proteins also power up mitochondria 2
... of decline over past decade , , MONDAY, Oct. 15 (HealthDay ... across the United States, offering what an expert called a ... a new report, cancer death rates fell by 2.1 percent ... 1.1 percent annual decline recorded between 1993 and 2003. , ...
... 15, 2007 Post-hoc and other analyses of secondary ... Shire plc,s (LSE: SHP, NASDAQ: SHPGY, TSX: SHQ) ulcerative ... LIALDA in patients with mild to moderate ulcerative colitis. ... III, open-label 12-14 month extension study, are being presented ...
... LOGAN, Utah, Oct. 15 Facet Solutions, Inc. ... on the first cohort of,patients to receive its ... these patients at one year include a significant,decline ... function; and no,post-operative complications. Additionally, the first patient ...
... Patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) who also ... continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) relieves them of symptoms ... October 15 issue of the Journal of Clinical Sleep ... Sleep Center at Universitys Community Hospital in Tampa, Fla., ...
... schedules now routine and,the initial excitement over, lunches will ... a good time to re-evaluate menus and discuss healthier,choices ... The following are suggestions from the experts at ... nutritional impact. Add a,handful of trail mix and fresh ...
... have on average a 71 percent lower chance of ... lowest-rated hospitals across 18 procedures and conditions analyzed in ... issued today by HealthGrades, the healthcare ratings company. The ... of care between the highest-performing hospitals and all others, ...
Cached Medicine News:Health News:U.S. Cancer Death Rate Continues to Fall 2Health News:U.S. Cancer Death Rate Continues to Fall 3Health News:New Analyses of long-term LIALDA (mesalamine) data presented at ACG 2Health News:New Analyses of long-term LIALDA (mesalamine) data presented at ACG 3Health News:New Analyses of long-term LIALDA (mesalamine) data presented at ACG 4Health News:Facet Solution's AFRS(TM) Implant Demonstrates Positive Clinical Results After One Year Follow Up 2Health News:Fresh, Tasty - Healthy - Lunch and Snack Ideas 2Health News:Mortality rates 71 percent lower at top-rated hospitals: HealthGrades 2008 hospital-quality study 2Health News:Mortality rates 71 percent lower at top-rated hospitals: HealthGrades 2008 hospital-quality study 3
(Date:1/15/2014)... , Jan. 15, 2014  A novel wearable injector slightly larger ... painless for patients to self-inject prescription drugs in the large ... cancer, blood diseases, autoimmune deficiencies, and genetic disorders.  ... to $220B by 2018, according to analysts.   Many of these ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... Jan. 14, 2014 Dynamic Healthcare Services, Inc. ("DHS"), a ... it acquired Progressive Home Medical Equipment, Inc. ("Progressive") of ... terms of the acquisition were not disclosed. ... providing a wide range of sleep, mobility, and respiratory products ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... N.Y. , Jan. 14, 2014   Oligomerix, Inc. , ... modifying therapeutics for Alzheimer,s disease (AD) and related neurodegenerative ... to Valhalla, NY as of ... laboratory space at New York Medical College. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Enable Injections Presents A New Class of Injectors for Drug Delivery at PEPTalk, Drug Delivery Partnership Meetings 2Dynamic Healthcare Services Completes Progressive Home Medical Equipment of Clarion, PA Investment 2Dynamic Healthcare Services Completes Progressive Home Medical Equipment of Clarion, PA Investment 3Oligomerix Relocates Corporate Headquarters and Secures Additional Laboratory Space from New York Medical College 2
... Mich., Nov. 3, 2011 Citing an increased need ... diabetes threat, Meijer has launched a chain-wide effort to ... training more than 200 pharmacists as diabetes specialists, announced ... Mich.-based supercenter, today. "A community pharmacist is ...
... Allscripts Healthcare Solutions, Inc. (Allscripts – NASDAQ: ... months ended September 30, 2011. (Logo:   http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20100901/CG58147LOGO ... Bookings of $266.8 million, compared to $198.6 million ... increase GAAP revenue of $368.8 million; non-GAAP revenue ...
Cached Medicine Technology:Meijer Launches Diabetes Education Initiative in All 197 Pharmacies, Trains More Than 200 Pharmacists to Be Diabetes Specialists 2Meijer Launches Diabetes Education Initiative in All 197 Pharmacies, Trains More Than 200 Pharmacists to Be Diabetes Specialists 3Allscripts Reports Third Quarter 2011 Results 2Allscripts Reports Third Quarter 2011 Results 3Allscripts Reports Third Quarter 2011 Results 4Allscripts Reports Third Quarter 2011 Results 5Allscripts Reports Third Quarter 2011 Results 6Allscripts Reports Third Quarter 2011 Results 7Allscripts Reports Third Quarter 2011 Results 8Allscripts Reports Third Quarter 2011 Results 9Allscripts Reports Third Quarter 2011 Results 10Allscripts Reports Third Quarter 2011 Results 11Allscripts Reports Third Quarter 2011 Results 12Allscripts Reports Third Quarter 2011 Results 13Allscripts Reports Third Quarter 2011 Results 14Allscripts Reports Third Quarter 2011 Results 15Allscripts Reports Third Quarter 2011 Results 16
... ARUP Laboratories is a national reference laboratory ... research and development. ARUP offers an extensive ... medical tests in clinical and anatomic pathology. ... Laboratories' clients include more than half of ...
... reference laboratory and a worldwide leader in ... an extensive test menu of highly complex ... anatomic pathology. Owned by the University of ... half of the nation's university teaching hospitals ...
... is a national reference laboratory and a ... development. ARUP offers an extensive test menu ... in clinical and anatomic pathology. Owned by ... include more than half of the nation's ...
... reference laboratory and a worldwide leader in ... an extensive test menu of highly complex ... anatomic pathology. Owned by the University of ... half of the nation's university teaching hospitals ...
Medicine Products: