Navigation Links
Professor John Shine wins 2010 Prime Minister's Prize for Science
Date:11/17/2010

Professor John Shine AO FAA, Executive Director of Sydney's Garvan Institute of Medical Research, received the 2010 Prime Minister's Prize for Science, the nation's most highly respected award for scientific achievement, in Parliament House tonight.

The prize is awarded for 'an outstanding specific achievement or series of related achievements in any area of science advancing human welfare or benefiting society'.

Professor Shine is world-renowned for a series of discoveries he made between 1975 and 1985 that furthered our understanding of how genes are turned into the proteins that do the work in cells. He also developed sophisticated gene cloning techniques that helped revolutionise the world of biotechnology.

As an honours student at Canberra's Australian National University (ANU), he uncovered the mechanism behind termination of protein synthesis in mammals, insects and bacteria. A discovery he describes as "not very sexy", it nonetheless showed us how ribosomes tiny structures in cells that translate genetic code into functional proteins know exactly where to snip a long and complex string of amino acids to release a protein into a cell.

Perhaps best known for the 'Shine-Dalgarno Sequence', his PhD discovery that also bears the name of his supervisor at ANU, Lyn Dalgarno, Shine found the sequence in messenger RNA (the working copy of a gene) that ribosomes recognise to initiate and control the efficiency of protein synthesis in bacteria. A landmark finding, today's sophisticated genome annotation software still uses it to help identify start points of protein synthesis.

Shine was the first person to clone a human hormone gene human placental lactogen and played a major role in cloning the insulin and growth hormone genes. In the process, he developed several ingenious methods of 'cloning', or extricating single genes (a few thousand out of 3.2 billion nucleotides on each strand of DNA) for replication in bacteria.

Professor Shine became Director of Garvan in 1990, when gene cloning was starting to have a big impact in medical research. Since then he has held countless influential scientific advisory roles, including Chairman of the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) from 2003-2006 and Vice President (Biological Sciences) Australian Academy of Science from 2002-2007.

"Winning the Prime Minister's Science Prize is an enormous honour," said Professor Shine.

"Most pleasing though is that the Prize itself is a recognition of the importance that government and the community places on science and its role in the social and economic well being of our country."


'/>"/>

Contact: Alison Heather
a.heather@garvan.org.au
61-292-958-128
Research Australia
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. CancerCare names Jefferson professor Physician of the Year
2. Professor Cesare Montecucco to receive the 2011 Paul Ehrlich and Ludwig Darmstaedter Prize
3. UT professor defines play, discovers even turtles need recess
4. Virginia Tech professor discovers new TB pathogen
5. Drug to treat alcoholism goal of UH professors research
6. K-State professors book is first to explore Two-Spirit literature in Northwest native groups
7. Louisiana Tech kinesiology professor receives national editorial excellence award
8. WPI computer science professor receives HP Labs Innovation Research Award
9. Linguistics professor examines manufacturers prescription drug websites
10. NJIT professor heads panel studying sudden car acceleration
11. "How Facebook Makes Lonely People Even Lonelier" Revealed by Distinguished University of Chicago Professor in Interview with Brian Vaszily on IntenseExperiences.com
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:9/22/2017)... ... September 22, 2017 , ... ... and Richard Pedranti Architect (RPA), a full-service architecture firm focusing on ... Solsken Line of Model Homes . Independently, Ecocor and RPA have extensive ...
(Date:9/22/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... September 22, 2017 , ... ... consulting firm in Pennsylvania, is pleased to offer in-home and online newborn ... that sleep deprivation has on the body,” says company owner Courtney Zentz, a ...
(Date:9/22/2017)... ... , ... Happy Living’s mission - to improve the health and wellbeing of ... and delicious worlds of theatre and wines. , After watching Scott Barry perform ... his play into a book. The Greener The Grass ( https://www.happyliving.com/books/the-greener-the-grass ) was published ...
(Date:9/22/2017)... ... September 22, 2017 , ... “Cursed ... of an obligatory tithe, and the freedom experienced when breaking free from this ... published author, Lysa M. Harrison. , Published by Christian Faith Publishing, Lysa M. ...
(Date:9/22/2017)... ... September 22, 2017 , ... First Choice Emergency ... the one year anniversary of its Houston-Fallbrook facility. , “We are honored ... Medical Director of First Choice Emergency Room Houston-Fallbrook. “It has been a pleasure ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/7/2017)... Texas , Sept. 7, 2017 ... science focused on fulfilling the promise of precision ... further validate the benefits of its molecular profiling ... study utilized comprehensive genomic profiling plus (CGP+) with ... individual patient,s tumor on a molecular level, leading ...
(Date:9/7/2017)... 7, 2017   BioLife Solutions , Inc. (NASDAQ: ... proprietary clinical grade cell and tissue hypothermic storage ... Mike Rice , President and CEO, will be presenting at ... Rodman & Renshaw 19 th Annual Global Investment Conference ... p.m. Pacific time). The conference is being held at the ...
(Date:9/6/2017)...   PDI , a leader in infection prevention ... educational session focused on the role of chlorhexidine gluconate ... the 2017 Annual Scientific Meeting of the Association for ... the Phoenix Convention Center in ... will also feature PDI,s Prevantics® Device Swab ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: