Navigation Links
Process found to play role in rheumatoid arthritis could lead to new treatment

Although the origin of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) remains unclear, bioactive proteins known as cytokines, particularly TNFα and IL-6, which are involved in inflammation, play a major role in the disease by contributing to joint and tissue destruction. Placenta growth factor (PIGF), another cytokine, has been thought to be critical for a new blood vessel formation in the placenta to sufficiently deliver oxygen and nutrients to fetus. A new study examined the effects of PIGF on the inflammatory process of RA. The results suggest that PIGF may play an important role in inflammation in RA joints. The study was published in the February issue of Arthritis & Rheumatism (

Led by Wan-Uk Kim of Catholic University of Korea inSeoul, Korea, researchers analyzed blood and synovial fluid cells from RA patients and healthy controls and found that synovial cells were the major source of PIGF production in RA patients and that PIGF stimulates TNFα and IL-6 production. They also found that the PlGF-induced increases in TNFα and IL-6 production may be caused by high levels of flt-1, a PlGF receptor, which are linked to the inflammatory response of RA patients. In addition, the researchers identified a novel peptide to inhibit PlGF action. When injected into arthritic mice, this peptide reduced the severity of arthritis and prevented its progression. They also found that elimination of PIGF gene in mice prevented the development of antibody-induced arthritis.

The peptide they identified inhibits binding of PIGF to its receptor flt-1and could be valuable from a clinical standpoint, since it is easily synthesized and does not elicit unwanted immune response.

"These findings provide new insight into the pathogenic mechanism of RA and emphasize the importance of PIGF and flt-1 as potential candidates for therapy, in addition to their being a common cue of angiogenesis and the inflammatory process," the authors conclude. They are currently conducting research to improve the activity of the anti-flt-1 peptide by modifying its structure and length.


Contact: Sean Wagner

Related medicine news :

1. Brain imaging reveals breakdown of normal emotional processing
2. NYU study points to lasting impact of mild hearing loss on neurological processes
3. Pharmaceutical Manufacturing Quality: Optimizing Your Internal Process for FDA Compliance
4. MedImmune Resolves FDA Observations Regarding Manufacturing Process for FluMist(R)
5. Delhaize Group Selects Trintechs AssureNET GL to Improve Compliance Process Efficiency
6. Labopharm provides update on U.S. regulatory process for once-daily Tramadol
7. BioProcessors Launches SimCell(TM) Services to Meet Increased Customer Demand
8. Orthofix International Acquires InSWing(TM) Interspinous Process Spacer
9. Cruel Deaths in Mexico a Result of Closing U.S. Horse Processing Plants: AVMA
10. Green Pet Products Introduces a New, Innovative Process to the Small Animal and Bird Litter/Bedding Category
11. ThermoGenesis Announces 510(k) Clearance for AutoXpress(TM) Cord Blood Processing System
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/27/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 27, 2015 , ... Lizzie’s Lice ... The company is offering customers 10% off of their purchase of lice treatment product. ... at full price. According to a company spokesperson. “Finding lice is a sure way ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... CA (PRWEB) , ... November 27, 2015 , ... MPWH, the No.1 Herpes-only dating community ... 30 (see Table 1-1 ). More than 3.7 billion people under the age ... type 1 (HSV-1), according to WHO's first global estimates of HSV-1 infection . , ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... 27, 2015 , ... A simply groundbreaking television series, "Voices in America", which ... into an array of issues that are presently affecting Americans. Dedicated to providing the ... show is changing the subjects consumers focus on, one episode at a time. ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... Angeles, CA (PRWEB) , ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs (CAAHEP) awarded accreditation to its Diagnostic ... list of CAAHEP accredited colleges, as only one of twelve colleges and universities in ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... 27, 2015 , ... Avid collector, Andrew Hawley from Vintage Rock Posters, announces ... This is one of Joplin's most famous and beautiful concert posters. The concert was ... in Ann Arbor. The According to Hawley, "It is hard to believe that Joplin's ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... 2015 Research and Markets ( ) ... Care Market by Type (Dressings, Therapy Devices, Active Wound ... Out-Patient Facility), and Geography - Global Forecast to 2020" ... --> --> The purpose of this ... of the global advanced wound care market. It involves ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... -- Research and Markets ( ) has ... Horizons and Growth Strategies in the Italian Therapeutic ... Forecasts, Competitive Intelligence, Emerging Opportunities" report to ... --> This new 247-page report provides ... monitoring market, including emerging tests, technologies, instrumentation, sales ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... SYDNEY , Nov. 26, 2015  The total global ... nearly 7% over 2015-2016. Latin America ... Asia , (excluding Japan ), is ... continues to face increased healthcare expenditure. In 2013-2014, ... expenditure declined from 43.5% in 2008-2009 to 41.2% in 2013-2014. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: