Navigation Links
Preventing Kidney Disease May Cut Diabetes Deaths, Study Says

By Serena Gordon
HealthDay Reporter

THURSDAY, Jan. 24 (HealthDay News) -- For people with type 2 diabetes, the key to living a long and healthy life may lie in avoiding kidney disease, now that new research finds the combination is particularly lethal.

The study found that 10-year mortality rates for people with both type 2 diabetes and kidney disease is more than 31 percent. But for people with only type 2 diabetes, the death rate after a decade was 12 percent. For those with neither condition, the 10-year death rate was about 8 percent.

"We've all been trained to think of type 2 diabetes as a bad thing, but it's particularly bad when you get kidney disease, too," said study author Dr. Maryam Afkarian, a kidney specialist and an assistant professor of medicine at the University of Washington in Seattle.

On the other hand, "We found that type 2 diabetes may not affect mortality as much if you don't get kidney disease," she said.

Results of the study are published in the February issue of the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

People with type 2 diabetes do not produce or properly use insulin, a hormone needed to convert food into energy. In the United States, about 26 million people have diabetes, and the number is growing. Type 2 diabetes has long been associated with an increased risk of death, especially from cardiovascular disease. And kidney disease is common in people with type 2 diabetes.

To better understand how the two diseases behave together, the researchers reviewed 10 years of data from the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, involving more than 15,000 people. About 42 percent of people with type 2 diabetes had kidney disease, they found.

When the researchers controlled the data to account for factors such as age, sex and body-mass index -- a calculation based on height and weight -- as well as duration of diabetes, the rates of death remained high for people with kidney disease and diabetes, at about 23 percent. The 10-year mortality for those with only type 2 diabetes was 9 percent when the data was adjusted for such factors, while the rate of death for people without diabetes or kidney disease was about 3 percent.

"As we expected, those with diabetes and kidney disease had a lot higher risk of mortality," said Afkarian.

"Clearly, we're not at the point of stopping type 2 diabetes," she said, "so the next question becomes, 'What happens if we can keep the kidneys healthy?'"

She said prevention efforts should focus on people who have diabetes but not kidney disease. "Try to control your risk factors to prevent kidney disease," she suggested. And, the biggest risk factor is uncontrolled blood sugar.

However, there also is a genetic component to developing kidney disease, she said. So, if you have those genes, you may develop kidney disease even if your blood sugar is well-controlled. But for most people with type 2 diabetes, controlling blood sugar levels can help prevent kidney disease, or at least slow its progression, she said.

Dr. Joel Zonszein, director of the Clinical Diabetes Center at Montefiore Medical Center in New York City, approved of the analysis. "It shows that once someone is sick, it's a bad marker," he said.

"We always have to emphasize much more on prevention. There's a nice correlation between A1C (a long-term measure of blood sugar control) and kidney disease. And people without high blood pressure tend to do better," he noted.

The problem, he said, is that it's often "a long time before people are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, and when they are diagnosed, they're often undertreated, which leads to uncontrolled diabetes."

Zonszein said many people with type 2 diabetes who should be taking cholesterol and blood-pressure lowering medications aren't on them. Afkarian said people who have both type 2 diabetes and kidney disease should be monitored more closely by their physicians.

It's important to remember that it's much easier to prevent kidney disease than to stop it once it's begun, Afkarian said.

"There's a long time to intervene before kidney disease sets in," she said. "It can make all the difference in the world."

More information

Learn more about diabetes and kidney disease from the American Diabetes Association.

SOURCES: Maryam Afkarian, M.D., Ph.D., assistant professor, medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Wash.; Joel Zonszein, M.D., director, Clinical Diabetes Center, Montefiore Medical Center, New York City; February 2013 Journal of the American Society of Nephrology

Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Key elements in preventing homophobic bullying in schools
2. Predicting, preventing, and controlling pandemics: Making the case for a strategic action plan
3. Preventing posttraumatic stress disorder by facing trauma memories
4. Study shows PFO closure may be superior to medical therapy in preventing stroke
5. 2 Common Blood Pressure Meds Fare Equally in Preventing Heart Woes
6. New Blood Thinner Effient No Better Than Plavix at Preventing Heart Trouble: Study
7. NIH launches trial to evaluate anti-inflammatory treatment for preventing heart attacks, strokes, and cardiovascular deaths
8. No evidence that drug used for preventing life-threatening bleeding in women during labor works
9. Scientists to investigate preventing life-threatening complications in transplant patients
10. A further step towards preventing diabetes
11. Beware of the Potato Salad: Preventing Foodborne Illness in Summer
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Preventing Kidney Disease May Cut Diabetes Deaths, Study Says
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... 25, 2015 , ... Lakeview Health, a Jacksonville-based drug and ... sobriety and show through pictures what a positive difference it makes. The social ... the hashtag #FacesOfGratitude on their Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram accounts. Short stories ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... , ... November 25, 2015 , ... The McHenry County ... recent successful appellate decision obtained by Attorneys Francisco J. Botto and Alex C. Wimmer. ... Illinois Workers’ Compensation Comm’n, 2015 IL App (2d) 130884WC. , According to court documents, ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Beddit® has launched a new Android ... The new app features a more intuitive SleepScore™ that rates sleep quality on a ... The SleepScore is created by a proprietary algorithm. Beddit analyzes the data to provide ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Today, Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MADD) ... below 10,000 for the first time since 2011. In 2014, there were 9,967 fatalities ... released by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), 32,675 people were killed in ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... 2015 , ... Privately owned Contract Development and Manufacturing Organization ... current state of the art research, development and manufacturing facility outside of Fort ... capacity as well as to support its clients’ growing research and development and ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/25/2015)... 25, 2015 On Tuesday, November 24, ... trial against Wright Medical Technology, Inc. for product ... metal-on-metal hip implant device, awarded $11 million in ... week trial and three days of deliberations, the ... was defectively designed and unreasonably dangerous, and that ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... 25, 2015 Kitov Pharma ... KTOV), a biopharmaceutical company focused on the development of ... conditions, today announced the closing of its previously announced ... ADSs ), each representing 20 ordinary shares of the ... The ADSs and warrants were issued in a fixed ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... DIEGO , Nov. 25, 2015  Today AVACEN Medical announced the issue of ... Thermal Energy Including Blood Viscosity Adjustment ". This patent shields the company,s AVACEN 100 dry heat ... Treatment Method. Photo - ... ... ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: