Navigation Links
Preventing HIV infection with anti-HIV drugs in people at risk is cost-effective
Date:3/12/2013

An HIV prevention strategy in which people at risk of becoming exposed to HIV take antiretroviral drugs to reduce their chance of becoming infected (often referred to as pre-exposure prophylaxis or PrEP), may be a cost-effective method of preventing HIV in some settings, according to a study by international researchers published in this week's PLOS Medicine.

In an analysis of 13 modelling studies led by Gabriela Gomez from the Department of Global Health, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam/AIGHD in The Netherlands, the authors evaluated the impact of pre-exposure prophylaxis in different populations (heterosexual couples, men who have sex with men, and people who inject drugs) in different regions and countries, such as southern Africa, Ukraine, the US, and Peru.

They found that in every setting, the cost of antiretroviral drugs was an important factor influencing the affordability of effective prevention programmes but delivery of pre-exposure prophylaxis to populations at higher risk of HIV exposure appeared to be the most cost-effective strategy. The authors also found that both behavioural changes and adherence to the pre-exposure prophylaxis drug regimens affected programme effectiveness.

The authors say: "Our findings show that pre-exposure prophylaxis has the potential to be a cost-effective addition to HIV prevention programmes in some settings."

They continue: "However, the cost-effectiveness of pre-exposure prophylaxis is likely to depend on considerations such as cost, the epidemic context, pre-exposure prophylaxis programme coverage and prioritisation strategies, as well as individual adherence levels and pre-exposure prophylaxis efficacy estimates."

The authors add: "Given that our review shows that both the setting and which population is prioritised for pre-exposure prophylaxis are critical drivers of cost-effectiveness, the next step is to conduct context-specific demonstration studies, including comprehensive cost analyses, of different prioritisation and adherence promotion strategies to ensure that the maximum benefit from the introduction of pre-exposure prophylaxis is realised within combination HIV prevention programmes."


'/>"/>

Contact: Sumrina Yousufzai
syousufzai@plos.org
415-568-3164
Public Library of Science
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Doctors Health Press Reports on German Study: Only 20% of Patients Get Colonoscopies, Important in Preventing and Diagnosing Colon Cancer
2. Protein balance key in preventing cancer
3. New cancer vaccine shows future promise in treating and preventing metastatic cancers
4. Scientists find promising new approach to preventing progression of breast cancer
5. DNA-repairing protein may be key to preventing recurrence of some cancers
6. Preventing Kidney Disease May Cut Diabetes Deaths, Study Says
7. Key elements in preventing homophobic bullying in schools
8. Predicting, preventing, and controlling pandemics: Making the case for a strategic action plan
9. Preventing posttraumatic stress disorder by facing trauma memories
10. Study shows PFO closure may be superior to medical therapy in preventing stroke
11. 2 Common Blood Pressure Meds Fare Equally in Preventing Heart Woes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/24/2017)... ... January 23, 2017 , ... The TouchPoint Solution, parent company ... metrics into the product’s app. The data replicates and validates Co-Founder and ... just 30 seconds of using Buzzies, people experienced a 74 percent reduction in ...
(Date:1/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... PKF O’Connor Davies , LLP, the nation’s 26th largest ... the Firm, will participate in the 40th Annual "Empire State Building Run Up" on ... 1,576 steps, a vertical distance equal to about a fifth of a mile, to ...
(Date:1/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Wooden and plastic balance boards have been around since at least the 1950s ... is the first and only balance board to use a patent-pending design featuring high-pressure ... the same time as well as skill-level adjustable for all ages and abilities. The ...
(Date:1/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... January 23, 2017 , ... ... paper on Crystallization in Process Chemistry by Applying Simple PAT Tools . ... organic compounds to isolate and purify the desired product. Chemists now spend ...
(Date:1/23/2017)... ... January 23, 2017 , ... ... the American Society of Anesthesiologists® (ASA®), the Foundation for Anesthesia Education and ... Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) and the Cigna Foundation, encourages proposals supporting high quality ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/24/2017)... GREENWICH, Connecticut , January 24, 2017 ... Gemeinschaftsprojekts mit dem Molecular Surgical Laboratory des Massachusetts General ... angekündigt. Dabei geht es um die Identifizierung und ... von innovativen Ansätzen, dass sie der Resistenz von Antibiotika ... ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... 23, 2017 Optoelectronic components have the ... The interaction of these components with light makes ... range of applications. These components are primarily used ... and healthcare among others. Growing application ... low power consumption, reliability, scalability, and performance is ...
(Date:1/24/2017)... , Jan. 23, 2017 INTRODUCTION ... way from conventional syringes with vials to prefilled ... These modern devices have become preferred devices for ... prefilled syringes has been rising strongly over the ... facilities are now adopting this format for delivering ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: