Navigation Links
Preventing HIV infection with anti-HIV drugs in people at risk is cost-effective
Date:3/12/2013

An HIV prevention strategy in which people at risk of becoming exposed to HIV take antiretroviral drugs to reduce their chance of becoming infected (often referred to as pre-exposure prophylaxis or PrEP), may be a cost-effective method of preventing HIV in some settings, according to a study by international researchers published in this week's PLOS Medicine.

In an analysis of 13 modelling studies led by Gabriela Gomez from the Department of Global Health, Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam/AIGHD in The Netherlands, the authors evaluated the impact of pre-exposure prophylaxis in different populations (heterosexual couples, men who have sex with men, and people who inject drugs) in different regions and countries, such as southern Africa, Ukraine, the US, and Peru.

They found that in every setting, the cost of antiretroviral drugs was an important factor influencing the affordability of effective prevention programmes but delivery of pre-exposure prophylaxis to populations at higher risk of HIV exposure appeared to be the most cost-effective strategy. The authors also found that both behavioural changes and adherence to the pre-exposure prophylaxis drug regimens affected programme effectiveness.

The authors say: "Our findings show that pre-exposure prophylaxis has the potential to be a cost-effective addition to HIV prevention programmes in some settings."

They continue: "However, the cost-effectiveness of pre-exposure prophylaxis is likely to depend on considerations such as cost, the epidemic context, pre-exposure prophylaxis programme coverage and prioritisation strategies, as well as individual adherence levels and pre-exposure prophylaxis efficacy estimates."

The authors add: "Given that our review shows that both the setting and which population is prioritised for pre-exposure prophylaxis are critical drivers of cost-effectiveness, the next step is to conduct context-specific demonstration studies, including comprehensive cost analyses, of different prioritisation and adherence promotion strategies to ensure that the maximum benefit from the introduction of pre-exposure prophylaxis is realised within combination HIV prevention programmes."


'/>"/>

Contact: Sumrina Yousufzai
syousufzai@plos.org
415-568-3164
Public Library of Science
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Doctors Health Press Reports on German Study: Only 20% of Patients Get Colonoscopies, Important in Preventing and Diagnosing Colon Cancer
2. Protein balance key in preventing cancer
3. New cancer vaccine shows future promise in treating and preventing metastatic cancers
4. Scientists find promising new approach to preventing progression of breast cancer
5. DNA-repairing protein may be key to preventing recurrence of some cancers
6. Preventing Kidney Disease May Cut Diabetes Deaths, Study Says
7. Key elements in preventing homophobic bullying in schools
8. Predicting, preventing, and controlling pandemics: Making the case for a strategic action plan
9. Preventing posttraumatic stress disorder by facing trauma memories
10. Study shows PFO closure may be superior to medical therapy in preventing stroke
11. 2 Common Blood Pressure Meds Fare Equally in Preventing Heart Woes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Chicago plastic surgeon, Dr. Anil R. Shah, MD , ... benign bony lump located on the forehead usually attributed to a facial fracture. Their ... pain. Dr. Shah has discovered an approach that is minimally invasive. He is an ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... ... Dudnyk has announced the launch of its new brand identity, called The ... specialty and orphan brands can only be achieved when the needs and beliefs of ... at the heart of a true partnership between our agency and our clients to ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... 21, 2017 , ... The Hong Kong Polytechnic University (PolyU) launched today the ... education institutions in Hong Kong to support teaching, learning and research. It is also ... of facilities in Hong Kong. , With an area of 620 square metres ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... ... April 21, 2017 , ... Airway Management, the ... with the highly regarded and well renowned Asian distributor, Discovery Sleep. ... PAP Nasal Pillow Mask, and will stabilize and strengthen Airway’s presence with a ...
(Date:4/21/2017)... CA (PRWEB) , ... April 21, 2017 , ... Providing ... not understand the estate planning process, or where to even begin. “Now more than ... if you are to properly protect yourself and your family,” said attorney Lisa Edgar ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/19/2017)... BOSTON , April 19, 2017  New research provides ... with advanced Parkinson,s, according to a study released today that ... 69th Annual Meeting in Boston , ... comes to the treatment of Parkinson,s disease, the oral drug ... of life and longevity. But as the disease progresses, the ...
(Date:4/18/2017)... , April 18, 2017 Cogentix Medical, ... on providing the Urology, Uro/Gyn and Gynecology markets with ... the first quarter ended March 31, 2017 after the ... The Company will host a conference call and ... on Tuesday, May 2, 2017 at 4:30 p.m. Eastern ...
(Date:4/18/2017)... BLOOMINGTON, Minn. , April 18, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... ("Imprimis"), an ophthalmology-focused pharmaceutical company, and Cameron Ehlen ... the signing of a three-year exclusive sales representation ... a dedicated sales team to introduce Imprimis, ophthalmic ... focused in 13 states in the U.S. Midwest. Precision ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: