Navigation Links
Preschool's Benefits Linger Into Adulthood, Study Finds
Date:6/9/2011

By Steven Reinberg
HealthDay Reporter

THURSDAY, June 9 (HealthDay News) -- Children enrolled in a full-time preschool program that sees them through elementary school have a better life 25 years later than children who were not in preschool do, University of Minnesota researchers report.

Children who went through preschool have higher incomes, higher education levels, a higher socioeconomic status and are less likely to abuse drugs or be involved in criminal activities, the investigators found. They are also more likely to have health insurance coverage.

"These effects haven't been found before for public programs, so the findings are encouraging to provide access to high-quality programs through public funding for kids at risk," said lead researcher Arthur J. Reynolds, a professor in the university's Institute of Child Development.

Preschool also seemed to be especially beneficial for males and children from high-risk or impoverished families.

The report was published in the June 9 issue of Science.

For the study, Reynolds' team followed 1,386 children, 989 of whom were enrolled in the Chicago-based Child-Parent Center Education Program from 1983 to 1989, and 550 who weren't. The program is funded by the federal government.

All the children went to full-day kindergarten and received social services. Fifteen percent of the control group attended Head Start, with the rest in home care.

According to Reynolds, the preschool program succeeded for several reasons. First, children were enrolled when they were 3 so they get more participation in the program. "We know that the amount of time in the program is associated with gains," he said.

Also, since the program is run by local schools, all the teachers were certified in early childhood education, which is not true of many preschool programs, Reynolds said. The program was also coupled with outreach programs that involved parents in their child's education.

The program itself emphasized language development and literacy, Reynolds noted.

Moreover, the program has provided continuity. "Because it's a school-based, there is continuing access to services, and kids stay in the same environment through elementary school," he said. "It promotes positive transitions from one grade to the next."

As overwhelmingly positive as these results appear, government-funded preschool programs, especially those for poor kids, have political implications, Reynolds said.

There isn't enough spending on high-quality services," he said. "The social program that has the biggest effects and the most enduring effects is preschool. But, there is a gap between what we know and what we fund."

"This program can reduce the disparities in education and success," Reynolds declared.

Reynolds added that while this program costs more than some other preschool programs, it pays dividends later in life because adults who went through the program are more likely to succeed and not burden public health programs or the legal system.

But not everyone believes that the federal government should be funding early childhood education programs.

Andrew J. Coulson, director of the Cato Institute's Center for Educational Freedom, the "the study's findings on the Chicago Parent Center program are certainly interesting but they do not provide evidence in support of the authors' policy recommendations."

"While a few specific pre-K programs seem to have had lasting impacts, they appear to be exceptions rather than the rule," he said. "More specifically, the federal government's efforts to scale-up the success of those particular programs, over four decades and at very great cost, have not proven effective. Yet another study pointing to the effect of one of the three pre-K programs that did have lasting effects does not alter that picture," Coulson said.

Another expert who supports the findings begs to differ. "It is exciting to see the lasting effects of the Chicago Child-Parent Center Education Program on participants a quarter century later -- their educational attainment, socioeconomic status, health status and behavior, and reduced crime and justice system involvement," said Larry Schweinhart, president of the HighScope Educational Research Foundation in Ypsilanti, Mich.

Schweinhart noted that these findings, from "a preschool program serving one of America's great cities," corroborate similar lifetime findings of two small-sample projects, included the HighScope Perry Preschool Study, which he oversaw.

"Because high-quality early childhood education requires major investment both in the aggregate and in each child it serves," Schweinhart added, "it is critical that the evidence of its powerful return on investment be as strong as possible, and the Chicago Longitudinal Study contributes greatly to this evidence base."

More information

For more information on early childhood education, visit the National Education Association.

SOURCES: Arthur J. Reynolds, Ph.D., professor, Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis; Andrew J. Coulson, director, Cato Institute Center for Educational Freedom; Larry Schweinhart, Ph.D., President, HighScope Educational Research Foundation, Ypsilanti, MI; June 9, 2011, Science


'/>"/>
Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Preschools: Apply Now for the “Green Your School Grant” from Episencial
2. Walking the Dog Benefits You, Too
3. Enlarged prostate: Study demonstrates immediate and long-term benefits of laser treatment
4. Hospitals misleading patients about benefits of robotic surgery, study suggests
5. Study: Most at-risk patients dont adhere to statin treatment, despite real benefits
6. Pistachios deliver weight management support, heart health benefits
7. Children relate to stepparents based on perceived financial, emotional benefits, study finds
8. Results show benefits in using acute kidney injury criteria in the diagnosis of cirrhosis
9. Benefits of Radiation Therapy Outweigh Risks of a Second Cancer: Study
10. Stepchildren relate to stepparents based on perceived benefits, researchers find
11. Dark Chocolate May Harbor Benefits for the Heart
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Preschool's Benefits Linger Into Adulthood, Study Finds
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... ... Connecticut Dermatology Group (CDG) is proud and excited to welcome back to ... Kim brings an extensive background in cutting-edge dermatology care and research to Connecticut’s largest ... Dr. Kim to the CDG team” said President and Managing Partner Dr. Steven A. ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... January 19, 2017 , ... Infinity® Massage Chairs announced today ... implement new sales and marketing strategies. Grover comes with a total of 15 years ... a half years as Executive Vice President of Direct Sales at Traeger® Wood Pellet ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... ... January 18, 2017 , ... A recent video posting ... global discussion about the benefits of fidgeting to relieve stress and anxiety. No ... Their Think Ink Pen had just completed a successful Kickstarter campaign raising $67,000 ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... ... January 18, 2017 , ... ... of Bioengineering are collaborating on a research project focused on multiple sclerosis (MS). ... seeks to use nanotechnology to control the disease without compromising normal immune function ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... ... January 18, 2017 , ... A Palm Beach doctor plans to run ... international charity that provides free surgery to poor children suffering from cleft lip and ... I have run to support the efforts of the American Heart Association and the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/18/2017)... 18, 2017  Adaptive Sound Technologies, Inc. (ASTI), the leading ... with Hyatt Place Nashville/Downtown to deliver the best sleep ... therapy machines in over two hundred of its guest ... parts of having a great stay is sleeping well," ... Place Nashville/Downtown. "We,re pleased to be able to offer ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... , Jan. 18, 2017  Dermata Therapeutics, ... products to treat a variety of dermatological diseases, ... compound DMT210, in a Phase 2 acne rosacea ... to downregulate the proinflammatory cytokines in the skin ... acne rosacea. This clinical trial, ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... The report " Automated Breast Ultrasound System (ABUS) Market ... End User (Hospitals, Diagnostic Imaging Centers), Industry Analysis Report, Regional Outlook (U.S., ... , Germany , UK, France , ... , China , Japan , ... Saudi Arabia , UAE, South Africa ), ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: