Navigation Links
Preschool's Benefits Linger Into Adulthood, Study Finds

By Steven Reinberg
HealthDay Reporter

THURSDAY, June 9 (HealthDay News) -- Children enrolled in a full-time preschool program that sees them through elementary school have a better life 25 years later than children who were not in preschool do, University of Minnesota researchers report.

Children who went through preschool have higher incomes, higher education levels, a higher socioeconomic status and are less likely to abuse drugs or be involved in criminal activities, the investigators found. They are also more likely to have health insurance coverage.

"These effects haven't been found before for public programs, so the findings are encouraging to provide access to high-quality programs through public funding for kids at risk," said lead researcher Arthur J. Reynolds, a professor in the university's Institute of Child Development.

Preschool also seemed to be especially beneficial for males and children from high-risk or impoverished families.

The report was published in the June 9 issue of Science.

For the study, Reynolds' team followed 1,386 children, 989 of whom were enrolled in the Chicago-based Child-Parent Center Education Program from 1983 to 1989, and 550 who weren't. The program is funded by the federal government.

All the children went to full-day kindergarten and received social services. Fifteen percent of the control group attended Head Start, with the rest in home care.

According to Reynolds, the preschool program succeeded for several reasons. First, children were enrolled when they were 3 so they get more participation in the program. "We know that the amount of time in the program is associated with gains," he said.

Also, since the program is run by local schools, all the teachers were certified in early childhood education, which is not true of many preschool programs, Reynolds said. The program was also coupled with outreach programs that involved parents in their child's education.

The program itself emphasized language development and literacy, Reynolds noted.

Moreover, the program has provided continuity. "Because it's a school-based, there is continuing access to services, and kids stay in the same environment through elementary school," he said. "It promotes positive transitions from one grade to the next."

As overwhelmingly positive as these results appear, government-funded preschool programs, especially those for poor kids, have political implications, Reynolds said.

There isn't enough spending on high-quality services," he said. "The social program that has the biggest effects and the most enduring effects is preschool. But, there is a gap between what we know and what we fund."

"This program can reduce the disparities in education and success," Reynolds declared.

Reynolds added that while this program costs more than some other preschool programs, it pays dividends later in life because adults who went through the program are more likely to succeed and not burden public health programs or the legal system.

But not everyone believes that the federal government should be funding early childhood education programs.

Andrew J. Coulson, director of the Cato Institute's Center for Educational Freedom, the "the study's findings on the Chicago Parent Center program are certainly interesting but they do not provide evidence in support of the authors' policy recommendations."

"While a few specific pre-K programs seem to have had lasting impacts, they appear to be exceptions rather than the rule," he said. "More specifically, the federal government's efforts to scale-up the success of those particular programs, over four decades and at very great cost, have not proven effective. Yet another study pointing to the effect of one of the three pre-K programs that did have lasting effects does not alter that picture," Coulson said.

Another expert who supports the findings begs to differ. "It is exciting to see the lasting effects of the Chicago Child-Parent Center Education Program on participants a quarter century later -- their educational attainment, socioeconomic status, health status and behavior, and reduced crime and justice system involvement," said Larry Schweinhart, president of the HighScope Educational Research Foundation in Ypsilanti, Mich.

Schweinhart noted that these findings, from "a preschool program serving one of America's great cities," corroborate similar lifetime findings of two small-sample projects, included the HighScope Perry Preschool Study, which he oversaw.

"Because high-quality early childhood education requires major investment both in the aggregate and in each child it serves," Schweinhart added, "it is critical that the evidence of its powerful return on investment be as strong as possible, and the Chicago Longitudinal Study contributes greatly to this evidence base."

More information

For more information on early childhood education, visit the National Education Association.

SOURCES: Arthur J. Reynolds, Ph.D., professor, Institute of Child Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis; Andrew J. Coulson, director, Cato Institute Center for Educational Freedom; Larry Schweinhart, Ph.D., President, HighScope Educational Research Foundation, Ypsilanti, MI; June 9, 2011, Science

Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Preschools: Apply Now for the “Green Your School Grant” from Episencial
2. Walking the Dog Benefits You, Too
3. Enlarged prostate: Study demonstrates immediate and long-term benefits of laser treatment
4. Hospitals misleading patients about benefits of robotic surgery, study suggests
5. Study: Most at-risk patients dont adhere to statin treatment, despite real benefits
6. Pistachios deliver weight management support, heart health benefits
7. Children relate to stepparents based on perceived financial, emotional benefits, study finds
8. Results show benefits in using acute kidney injury criteria in the diagnosis of cirrhosis
9. Benefits of Radiation Therapy Outweigh Risks of a Second Cancer: Study
10. Stepchildren relate to stepparents based on perceived benefits, researchers find
11. Dark Chocolate May Harbor Benefits for the Heart
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
Preschool's Benefits Linger Into Adulthood, Study Finds
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... , ... Cold Shoulder , LLC launched their Pro Vest, the latest version of their ... of $20,000 in under 10 hours. , The campaign, which will continue ... Vest to the market. , The PRO Vest provides consumers with a less expensive, one-size ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... ... Dr. Rodney E. Willey , has answered a new calling – to relieve snoring ... treatment for snoring and sleep apnea through oral appliance therapy. He is ... in the US, one of four in the Illinois area. , Dr. Willey’s ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... , ... November 24, 2015 , ... Bibliomotion ... and Detroit Taught Me about Reinvention and Diversity by Nancy M. Schlichting, ... suffer, with hospitals failing to adequately address the needs of patients and their families, ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... Miami, FL (PRWEB) , ... November 24, 2015 ... ... manufacturer and engineer of patented products, announces Innovative Blending, a household invention that ... go. , "The Juice & Smoothie Bars market is worth $2 billion," says ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... ... November 24, 2015 , ... World Patent Marketing , ... a cosmetic invention which offers a combination of natural essential oils to create ... is worth $3 billion annually," says Scott Cooper, CEO and Creative Director of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/24/2015)... 24, 2015  In the pharmaceutical industry, companies want ... to quickly uncover new insights, tactics and strategies that ... --> However, organizations often find it ... and ensure that all rules and regulations are met ... major barrier to efficiently launching market research projects is ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... , 24 de noviembre de 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... Breathing Pacemaker System, se complace anunciar el nombramiento ... consultor clínico.   ... -   --> ... un fisiólogo y consultor en neonatología y cardiología ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... 24, 2015  DILON Diagnostics and GE Healthcare are ... for DILON to distribute GE,s Discovery NM750b Molecular Breast ... of this distribution agreement will provide Dilon,s experienced distribution ... system and is considered an initial step in an ... for clinicians and their patients. --> ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: