Navigation Links
Preschoolers Can Suffer From Depression, Too
Date:8/4/2014

MONDAY, Aug. 4, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Depression can strike at any age, even among preschoolers, researchers report.

And if it does strike, the odds are that the disorder will recur throughout childhood, a new study shows.

The study found that preschoolers who are depressed are two and a half times more likely to continue to experience symptoms in elementary and middle school, a research team from Washington University in St. Louis said.

However, spotting depression in kids early on could make treatment more effective, they added.

"It's the same old bad news about depression; it is a chronic and recurrent disorder," child psychiatrist Dr. Joan Luby, who directs the university's Early Emotional Development Program, said in a university news release.

"But the good news is that if we can identify depression early, perhaps we have a window of opportunity to treat it more effectively," Luby said. That could "potentially change the trajectory of the illness so that it is less likely to be chronic and recurring," she added.

The study, published recently in the American Journal of Psychiatry, included 246 preschool children, ranging from 3 to 5 years of age. Luby's team evaluated the children for depression and other psychiatric conditions over time.

The children and their caregivers participated in six yearly assessments as well as four semiannual assessments. Specifically, the caregivers were asked about their child's sadness, irritability, guilt, sleep and appetite, as well as reduced enjoyment in activities or playtime.

The researchers also evaluated interactions between the caregivers and their children through a two-way mirror. This was done to determine if part of the reason why children had ongoing symptoms of depression was because they were not nurtured by their parents.

When the study began, 74 of the children were diagnosed with depression. Six years later, 79 of the children met the criteria for clinical depression, including about half of the 74 kids diagnosed with depression when the study began.

Meanwhile, just 24 percent of the 172 children who were not depressed as preschoolers went on to develop depression later.

Among the children at higher risk for depression were school-age youngsters whose mothers had suffered from depression, the study revealed.

Being diagnosed with a conduct disorder while in preschool also boosted a child's risk for depression later on in elementary or middle school. This risk was reduced however, if children had a lot of support from their mother, the researchers noted.

Overall, the risk for later depression was greatest for the kids who were diagnosed with the condition while they were in preschool, Luby's group reported.

"Preschool depression predicted school-age depression over and above any of the other well-established risk factors," Luby said. "Those children appear to be on a trajectory for depression that's independent of other psychosocial variables."

Preschoolers as young as 3 years old should be regularly screened for depression, the researchers believe. Implementing such depression screenings is easier said than done, however, since there are no effective treatments for young children, they noted.

"The reason it hasn't yet become a huge call to action is because we don't yet have any proven, effective treatments for depressed preschoolers," Luby explained. "Pediatricians don't usually want to screen for a condition if they can't then refer patients to someone who can help."

More information

The U.S. National Institute of Mental Health provides more information on depression in children and teens.

SOURCE: Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Mo., news release, July 28, 2014

--


'/>"/>
Copyright©2014 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Preschoolers With Special Needs May Gain From Inclusion Classrooms
2. Many depressed preschoolers still suffer in later school years
3. Overweight and obese preschoolers lose more weight when parent is also treated
4. Sleep education program spurs preschoolers to snooze 30 minutes longer at night
5. Preschoolers Can Learn Lasting Heart-Healthy Lessons from Sesame Street
6. Clinician observations of preschoolers behavior help to predict ADHD at school age
7. Preschoolers who stutter do just fine emotionally and socially, study finds
8. Most Docs Dont Follow ADHD Treatment Guidelines for Preschoolers: Study
9. 90% of Pediatric Specialists Not Following Clinical Guidelines When Treating Preschoolers with ADHD
10. 90 percent of pediatric specialists not following clinical guidelines when treating preschoolers with ADHD
11. New insight on relationship between parents, preschoolers and obesity
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Preschoolers Can Suffer From Depression, Too
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... A recent article published ... unfamiliar with. The article goes on to state that individuals are now more comfortable ... less common operations such as calf and cheek reduction. The Los Angeles area medical ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Marcy was in a crisis. Her son James, eight, was out ... family verbally and physically. , “When something upset him, he couldn’t control his emotions,” remembers ... would throw rocks at my other children and say he was going to kill them. ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Dr. ... accelerated orthodontic treatment. Dr. Cheng has extensive experience with all areas of orthodontics, ... and accelerated osteogenic orthodontics. , Micro-osteoperforation is a revolutionary adjunct to orthodontic ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... People across the U.S. are sharpening their ... Award, an essay contest in which patients and their families pay tribute to a ... the 2016 National Society of Genetic Counselors (NSGC) Annual Education Conference (AEC) this September. ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Puradigm® & Innovative Solutions ... initiated cultivation and processing operations at its production facility, and opened its first ... is the manufacturer of a complete system of proactive air and surface purification ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... 24, 2016  Arkis BioSciences, a leading innovator ... more durable cerebrospinal fluid treatments, today announced it ... funding is led by Innova Memphis, followed by ... private investors.  Arkis, new financing will accelerate the ... market release of its in-licensed Endexo® technology. ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... a startling report released today, National Safety Council research ... proven plan to eliminate prescription opioid overdoses. Prescription Nation ... tackling the worst drug crisis in recorded U.S. history, assigned a ... , New Mexico , Tennessee ... failing states, three – Michigan , ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... Bracket , a leading clinical trial technology and specialty ... Bracket eCOA (SM) 6.0, at the 52 nd ... in Philadelphia , Pennsylvania.  A demonstration of ... its kind to fully integrate with RTSM, will be held ... a flexible platform for electronic clinical outcomes assessments that is ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: