Navigation Links
Pre-season fitness makes no difference to risk of injury
Date:7/22/2012

But the type of sport played and gender did, according to a new study published in BioMed Central's open access journal Sports Medicine, Arthroscopy, Rehabilitation, Therapy & Technology. This study into varsity athletics found that women had a shorter time to injury than men and that certain sports, such as volleyball, also had a significantly shorter time to injury than others, such as hockey or basketball.

Fitness evaluation and pre-participation are standard practice in university sport. They screen the athletes for health problems and for high-risk behaviors which may affect performance throughout the season. Researchers from the Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation and the Faculty of Rehabilitation Medicine at the University of Alberta, measured pre-season fitness for six varsity teams.

They used a vertical jump test to estimate instantaneous anaerobic power and lower body strength and a sit and reach test to evaluate lower back and hip flexibility. Another test measured agility (acceleration, deceleration, pivoting and quick footwork). Push-ups were used to measure upper body endurance, and sit-ups determined core strength and flexibility. Shoulder flexibility was also assessed. Both practice and game time were recorded to give to time to injury.

Over two thirds of the sports players in the study suffered injury throughout the season, most commonly muscle or tendon strain in the legs or feet. Although players missed practice time due to their injuries (55% missed at least one practice due to injury) most did not miss any games. In fact about 40% of injuries occurred during preseason practice.

Time to first injury was shorter for the women than the men occurring on average 40% of the way through the season for female athletes, and 66% of the way through the season for males. Time to injury also depended on sport with the injuries occurring sooner in volleyball than any other sport tested. For women, volleyball injury occurred, on average, less than 20% of the way through the season, and 35% for men. Men's hockey was the safest sport with first injuries only occurring, on average, three quarters of the way through the season.

Analysis of the fitness evaluation showed that time to injury was not affected by the level of pre-season fitness. Michael Kennedy, one of the team who performed this study explained, "The only association we found between preseason fitness and injury was that lower upper body strength, as evaluated by push-ups, was associated with a shorter time to injury - this was despite most of the injuries being associated with the lower body."

Prof Kennedy continued, "Our study attempted to answer the question whether fitter athletes are more resilient to injury than less fit athletes. We know from our data that differences exist between risk of injury in pre-season training, regular season training and actual games. However most importantly our data clearly show that time to first injury for athletes is more heavily influenced by gender and sport than pre-season fitness."

This article is part of the Advances in Sports Nutrition, Exercise and Medicine cross-journal thematic series, which includes articles offering novel insights and clinical significance in all aspects of sports medicine.


'/>"/>

Contact: Hilary Glover
hilary.glover@biomedcentral.com
44-203-192-2370
BioMed Central
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Fitness in Middle Age Lowers Medical Costs Later: Study
2. Fitness Fights High Blood Pressure, Even With Family History
3. Fitness May Boost Survival for Women With Breast Cancer
4. Business Travel Harmful to Health: Medical & Personal Fitness Experts Announce "Exercise is Solution to Many Travel Ailments"
5. Resistance Band Training Expert Dave Schmitz in Canton, CT for Live Youth Fitness Event Today
6. Meeting of Top Youth Fitness Professionals Wraps Up in Canton, CT
7. Hot Fitness Trends for Summer of 2012
8. CoreFitnessByJana Celebrates 4th Annual National Employee Wellness Month & Corporate Committment to Fitness
9. Fitness 4 Home Online Introduces the Saber Strength Adjustable Weight Systems
10. 2012 IDEA World Fitness Convention™: Zensah® to Exhibit Compression Apparel for Fitness Activities
11. Preschool TV Habits Linked to 4th-Grade Waist Size, Fitness
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/29/2017)... ... 2017 , ... A New York high tech innovator and a Canadian not-for-profit ... of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in helping nudge men forward to be more proactive about ... of the Canadian Men’s Health Foundation (CMHF), whose mission is to inspire men to ...
(Date:5/28/2017)... ... ... HYPERAMS, LLC announced it will perform the inventory liquidation of ... The sale began this week and the inventory is expected to sell quickly. ... medical accessories, including blood pressure cuffs, stethoscopes, CPR masks, as well as blank polos, ...
(Date:5/28/2017)... ... 28, 2017 , ... Viewers likely know Rob Lowe from such 80s hits ... for his work on NBC’s The West Wing and Parks and Recreation. But recently, ... “Informed,” which puts the spotlight on important modern-day issues that face today’s society. One ...
(Date:5/27/2017)... ... ... In any business, follow up is critical to success. It is the same ... there will always be some patients who can’t or won’t make a immediate decision. ... it comes to presenting treatment. After the patient leaves, most practices end up ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... NY (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2017 , ... Mediaplanet ... & Wound Care" campaign in USA Today, which will educate readers on how to ... of the campaign, a large focus is placed on melanoma. Dancing with the Stars ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/10/2017)... Md. , May 10, 2017 CSSi, ... solutions for the clinical research industry, is proud to ... www.CSSiEnroll.com . The new website features both enriched content ... user experience and enhances the company,s already well-established position ... industry. "After many months of hard ...
(Date:5/9/2017)... , May 9, 2017  Semler Scientific, ... provides technology solutions to improve the clinical effectiveness ... results for the first quarter ended March 31, ... products enable our customers to identify when preventive ... intervene before events like heart attacks or strokes ...
(Date:5/6/2017)... , May 5, 2017  May is Stroke ... one of the most important methods to prevent a ... the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, undetected and ... 1 Omron, the global leader in personal heart ... the elimination of heart attack and stroke and is ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: