Elevated glucose levels are toxic not only to the mother but also to the developing fetus. Among infants, gestational diabetes results in an increased risk of death, jaundice, hypoglycemia and respiratory distress syndrome. Further, adult offspring of mothers with gestational diabetes have a significantly increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes as well as cardiovascular disease.
"The effects of gestational diabetes can be seen for decades and take a tremendous toll on the health and well being of both mother and child," Haza said.
The study reviewed health claims in the nine months preceding delivery and the 12 months following delivery. Among infants, the analysis reviewed health care usage in the 12 months following birth. "Again, we believe these numbers are very conservative since we focused only on near-term medical costs and did not look beyond a year after delivery," said Yaozhu Chen, MPA, The Lewin Group, and lead author of the gestational diabetes study.
The pre-diabetes and gestational diabetes studies were the final of four studies commissioned by the NCDP's Economic Barometer to examine the economic impact of diabetes. The first two studies -- one measuring the costs of type 1 vs. type 2 diabetes and another examining the cost of undiagnosed diabetes -- were published in April in Population Health Management.
About The Lewin Group
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|SOURCE National Changing Diabetes Program|
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