Navigation Links
Powerful free radical causes lung damage from oxygen therapy
Date:10/5/2010

AUGUSTA, Ga. The most toxic free radical appears responsible for much of the lung damage that can result from oxygen therapy in the critically ill or injured, Medical College of Georgia researchers report.

Within just a few days, ventilators and oxygen chambers used to significantly increase oxygen levels can also dramatically increase levels of peroxynitrite, an oxidant powerful enough to break down DNA and cause proteins to malfunction, said Dr. Yunchao Su, pharmacologist in the MCG Schools of Medicine and Graduate Studies.

Oxygen toxicity is the most severe side effect of oxygen therapy in newborns and adults. The lungs take the brunt of the damage, which can include inflammation, hemorrhaging and swelling that may result in death or chronic lung problems, said Su, corresponding author of the study published in the Journal of Biological Chemistry.

"We knew it was bad but we did not know why," Su said. The good news is they may also have a solution.

Researchers found that within five days, mice placed in small oxygen chambers that mimic oxygen levels given in intensive care have dramatically elevated levels of peroxynitrite in their lungs. Free radicals, such as peroxynitrite, result from oxygen use and are safe at low levels. While it's a given that oxygen therapy produces free radicals, the significant increase in peroxynitrite was not known.

The trouble begins when high oxygen levels prompt endothelial cells that line blood vessels and tiny airs sacs in the lung to make more nitric oxide, the precursor of peroxynitrite. At high levels, nitric oxide, most often a helpful compound, combines with other free radicals produced by excess oxygen use to form the powerful peroxynitrite. "As oxygen levels increase, nitric oxide levels increase and so peroxynitrite levels do as well," Su said.

But he appears to have identified a break point in the destructive cycle. Su found that in the face of high oxygen levels, the enzyme that makes nitric oxide binds with the protein actin to produce more nitric oxide. So he developed a compound, peptide 326, that interferes with their binding and the excess peroxynitrite levels that typically follow. Su used the binding site itself as a cue for the peptide design after trying many existing compounds, including smoke, to break the bond.

Su's long term goal is for peptide 326, or something similar, to be used in patients likely after the first few days of oxygen therapy. Much as health care providers monitor blood oxygen long term to ensure sufficient levels, they could also monitor peroxynitrite levels. "It's only after several days of steady increases that the level becomes destructive," Su noted.

MCG scientists are already using peptide 326 in mice receiving oxygen therapy.


'/>"/>

Contact: Toni Baker
tbaker@mcg.edu
706-721-4421
Medical College of Georgia
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Breaching the blood-brain barrier to create powerful new tools for fighting cancer
2. doeLegal and Zapproved Sign Alliance to Add Legal Hold Pro to Suite of Powerful Online Legal Solutions
3. New Book Reveals the Powerful and Undermining Impact of Stress on Good Decision Making and What Leaders Can Do About It
4. Powerful People Often Too Optimistic About Task Time
5. Adapting to clogged airways makes common pathogen resist powerful drugs
6. American Council on Exercise (ACE) Study Reveals Kettlebells Provide Powerful Workout in Short Amount of Time
7. Plant compound resveratrol shown to suppresses inflammation, free radicals in humans
8. Lumenis Announced Today it is Sponsoring the Endometriosis Foundation of America's Symposium 'Advancing the Art and Science of Endometriosis: Stem Cells to Radical Excision Surgery'
9. Henry Ford Health System goes radical: Creating the hospital of the future
10. Cigarette smoke causes harmful changes in the lungs even at the lowest levels
11. Scientists closer to finding what causes the birth of a fat cell
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Powerful free radical causes lung damage from oxygen therapy
(Date:5/6/2016)... ... May 06, 2016 , ... The Price Agency in Birmingham, ... and assist the people of their local community. The agency pledges to select ... leaders. Their desire is to bring awareness to important local causes with fundraising ...
(Date:5/6/2016)... , ... May 06, 2016 , ... ... are scheduled to provide a unique keynote address at the 2016 Learning ... inspirational stories of five community college students. Their stories—of complicated family issues, financial ...
(Date:5/6/2016)... ... May 06, 2016 , ... Bluvault ( ... implementation service offering for global clients of Coupa ( Coupa Software ) and ... Integration Service is a key component in the suite of innovative implementation services ...
(Date:5/6/2016)... OR (PRWEB) , ... May 06, 2016 , ... Logically, ... In other seasons, when the weather is too cold, dry or hot, water on ... eyes can actually absorb moisture from the surrounding air. There’s only one problem, according ...
(Date:5/6/2016)... Atlanta (PRWEB) , ... May 06, 2016 , ... From ... provider Presence Technology will share its insights on managing Customers Engagement at ... , At SpeechTek 2016, Presence Technology will deliver a Presentation on “5 ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/5/2016)... 2016 Research and Markets has announced ... in the USA"  report to their offering.  ,     (Logo: ... the current Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scanner and cyclotron ... market. Along with the current known number of PET ... , the report also contains a detailed breakdown of ...
(Date:5/5/2016)... 2016 Research and ... Thalassaemia Market and Competitive Landscape Highlights - ...      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160330/349511LOGO ) ... Competitive Landscape Highlights - 2016, provides comprehensive ... Thalassaemia market valuations and forecast, Thalassaemia products ...
(Date:5/4/2016)... for an upgrade. There are many medical recorders on the market but none like ... DVMAXX HD  offers unparalleled connectivity and functionality.  Ampronix  is a renowned authorized reseller of ... technology.  Photo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20160503/363416 ... ... ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: