Navigation Links
Positive thinking is prescription for the heart
Date:7/14/2008

Optimism is good for heart health, at least among men, a new study shows.

University of Rochester Medical Center researcher Robert Gramling, M.D., D.Sc., found that men who believed they were at lower-than-average risk for cardiovascular disease actually experienced a three times lower incidence of death from heart attacks and strokes.

The data did not support the same conclusion among women. One possible explanation for the gender difference, researchers said, is that the study began in 1990, a time when heart disease was believed to be primarily a threat to men. Therefore, women's judgments about how often heart attacks occur among average women might have been disproportionately low.

The study is published in the July-August issue of Annals of Family Medicine.

The 15-year surveillance study involved 2,816 adults in New England between the ages of 35 and 75 who had no history of heart disease. Researchers collected baseline data from 1990-1992; outcomes were obtained from the National Death Index records through December 2005.

Researchers were interested in measuring whether optimistic perceptions of risk might protect people from the fear-related coping behaviors (overeating comfort foods, too much alcohol, or avoiding the doctor) or the stress that can be associated with heart disease.

They asked people at the outset, "Compared with persons of your own age and sex, how would you rate your risk of having a heart attack or stroke in the next 5 years?"

Men's views were more discordant. Almost half of the men who self-rated their risk to be "low" would have been classified by objective medical tests as having "high" or "very high" risk. Most women who rated their risk to be "low" were far more accurate than the men.

"Clearly, holding optimistic perceptions of risk has its advantages for men," said Gramling, an assistant professor of Family Medicine and Community and Preventive Medicine.

If doctors are to accurately explain risks to patients, it's important for them to first understand how people perceive health risks. The study also pointed out that as genetic testing and advanced imaging continues to offer individuals more information about their future health, good communication is essential.

"It is not clear whether we should seek to disabuse people of optimistic 'misperceptions' in pursuit of changing behavior." Gramling said. "Perhaps we should work on changing behaviors by instilling more confidence in the capacity to prevent having a heart attack, rather than raising fears about having one."


'/>"/>

Contact: Leslie Orr
Leslie_Orr@urmc.rochester.edu
585-275-5774
University of Rochester Medical Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Cardiome Announces Positive Phase 2b Results For Oral Vernakalant
2. Awareness of epidemiologys limitations could reduce impact of false-positive cancer results
3. Its the Same Old Song: Accentuate the Positive as New York State Department of Health Releases Statewide Hospital Infection Rates
4. Hanger Orthopedic Group, Inc. Receives Positive Outlook from Standard & Poors Rating Services
5. False Positives in Oral HIV Test Halt Use in NYC
6. PAs First West-Nile-Positive Mosquito of 2008 Season Discovered in Luzerne County
7. PreMD Reports Further Positive Meetings with the FDA
8. Delaying school start time by one hour positively affects adolescents cognitive performance
9. Programs succeed in reducing risky sex among HIV-positive minority men
10. US soldiers in high-tuberculosis areas face new epidemic: false positives
11. New study shows positive role physical therapists play in lymphedema diagnois and treatment
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... January 20, 2017 , ... “Mary Magdalene: Grace is ... life of the woman who witnessed Jesus Christ firsthand. “Mary Magdalene: Grace is Greater ... spent her career as an educator interacting with countless women who had little knowledge ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... 2017 , ... “Code Word: Chocolate Biscuit”: a biographical account following a man who went on ... of published author, Marlyn Ivey, born in Lynn Haven, Florida and at the age of ... 19 years of age, he joined the Navy and got married right out of boot ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... January 20, 2017 , ... D ... Expiratory Pressure (OPEP) device, was featured in a study indicating superior performance against ... FAARC, “Analysis of Three Oscillating Positive Expiratory Pressure Devices During Simulated Breathing“ ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... ... and enchanting tale that teaches children the true meaning of Christmas. “Journey to Christmas” is ... a devoted woman of faith. , “Becoming a parent changes you. In my case, ... for years, but actually doing it might have been a while in coming if it ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... January 20, 2017 , ... “The Land of More ... to the issue of world hunger, and shares the simple and achievable answer. “The ... husband and member of the Fairview Missionary Church in Angola, Indiana where he works ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/19/2017)... NEW YORK , Jan. 19, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... reach USD 233.7 billion by 2025, according to ... The market is anticipated to be predominantly driven ... companies, resulting into the large-scale production of new ... widen the influx of drugs at an unprecedented ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... The Global Therapy Partnering Terms and Agreements ... deals and agreements entered into by the world,s leading ... Top deals by value - Deals listed by company ... The report provides understanding and access to the partnering ... healthcare companies. The report provides an analysis of ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... and Webcast to Follow Vanda Pharmaceuticals Inc. (Vanda) (NASDAQ: ... the fourth quarter of 2016 on Wednesday, February 15, 2017, after ... ... on Wednesday, February 15, 2017, during which management will discuss the ... activities. To participate in the conference call, please dial 1-888-771-4371 (domestic) ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: