Navigation Links
Positive social support at work shown to reduce risk of diabetes
Date:5/9/2013

Cases of type 2 diabetes continue to rise in the US. And while the development of the disease is more commonly associated with risk factors such as obesity, high blood pressure, and physical inactivity, research has shown that stress can also have a significant impact.

Now Dr. Sharon Toker of Tel Aviv University's Faculty of Management has found that low levels of social support and high levels of stress in the workplace can accurately predict the development of diabetes over the long term even in employees who appear to be healthy otherwise. Published in the Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, the study contributes to an ongoing body of research linking work conditions to physical and mental health.

The researchers' 3.5-year-long study of male and female employees established that work conditions had a preventative or predictive effect on the development of type 2 diabetes. Participants who reported having a high level of social support at work had a 22 percent lesser chance of developing diabetes over the course of the study. And those who described themselves as either over- or under-worked were 18 percent more likely to develop the disease. The results were controlled for various risk factors including age, family history, activity level, and body mass index.

Dr. Toker says these findings paint a grim picture, with a worrying rise in the rate of diabetes in the researchers' middle-aged study cohort, which had a mean age of 48. "You don't want to see working populations have an increasing rate of diabetes. It's costly to both employees and employers, resulting in absenteeism and triggering expensive medical insurance," she explains.

Assessing work conditions

For the study, conducted in collaboration with Prof. Arie Shirom of TAU, Dr. Galit Armon of the University of Haifa, and Dr. Samuel Melamed of the Tel Aviv Yaffo Academic College, researchers recruited 5,843 individuals who visited a health center in Tel Aviv for a routine physical examination sponsored by their employer. On these initial visits, all participants were healthy and had no indication of diabetes.

To assess whether physical and psychological strain caused by the work environment could predict the development of diabetes, Dr. Toker and her fellow researchers surveyed the participants according to an "expanded job strain model," which takes into account measures of social support, perceived workload, and perceived control over work pace and objectives.

After the initial interview and examination, the health of all participants was followed for a period of 41 months, over which time 182 participants developed diabetes, reports Dr. Toker. When these results were analyzed in relation to reported work conditions, social support emerged as a strong protective factor against the development of the disease, with supported individuals significantly less at risk for diabetes than their unsupported peers. Workload was also correlated with disease development, with employees who felt either overworked or underworked being at increased risk.

Promoting the right balance

The results highlight some of the negative effects of our changing work environment, in which employees are putting in more hours than ever before, says Dr. Toker. Beyond the hours spend in the office, technology now allows us to be constantly connected, heightening expectations that work will be completed in non-working hours, ultimately increasing workloads. This takes a heavy toll on our health, she warns.

One of the most interesting findings of the study that a too-small workload is as harmful as a too-large workload shows that dramatically reducing the load of a busy employee may not have the desired effect. Employees will be stressed when overloaded, but they still need to feel challenged to be satisfied in their jobs, notes Dr. Toker.

She suggests that employers focus on finding the right balance in terms of workload and take the initiative to ensure their employees receive the necessary social support, whether that includes a network of emotional support, praising good work performance, or finding ways to improve office communication.


'/>"/>

Contact: George Hunka
ghunka@aftau.org
212-742-9070
American Friends of Tel Aviv University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Study Shows Dual Targeting of HER2 and HR-positive Metastatic Breast Cancer Improves Survival Rates
2. International Narconon Directors Join Parents of Graduates to Celebrate Release of 40 Years of Positive Outcome Studies
3. My Positive Perspective Broadcasts Episode in Conjunction with Autism Awareness Month
4. IDRI and Medicago report positive results for Phase I clinical trial for an H5N1 vaccine
5. AACR: Positive data supports advancing BIND-014 to phase 2 clinical trials for solid tumors
6. Asia-Pacific Seasonal Influenza Vaccine Market to 2018 - Positive Impact of Government Support Offset by Limited Production Capacity : MarketResearchReports.biz
7. The Power of a Positive Mindset - Queendom.com’s New Study Reveals That Optimists Enjoy Better Mental and Physical Health
8. Ganetespib shows potency against ALK-positive lung cancer and overcomes crizotinib resistance
9. Nouvelle Research, Inc. studies show chronic inflammation reduction through NRF2 Upregulation and NF-kB Downregulation, Cur-OST® Supplements Positively Impact Health
10. False-Positive Mammograms Can Trigger Long-Term Distress
11. New gender benchmarking study: Brazil succeeding in providing a positive STI environment for women
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... Local insurance agency ... Venice, FL area, has initiated a fundraiser for a two year old little ... days after Christmas. To support this beautiful child who is facing life’s journey ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... Eating disorders ... significant number of women and men with eating disorders report a history of ... predicts the development of an eating disorder. , At the 2016 iaedp ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... ... this important news! AHCC and the Home Health and Hospice ICD-10 Transition Workgroup ... for official ICD coding guidance and clarifications, to address concerns over the use ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... ... The schedule is now online for the largest and most ... being held May 25-29 at the Loews Chicago O’Hare Hotel, continues to give the ... chronic illness in children. , Very recent articles have cited 1 child in 20 ...
(Date:2/7/2016)... Dallas, Texas (PRWEB) , ... February 07, 2016 ... ... its new MyDecision™ program. MyDecision™ empowers employers and organizations with the tools and ... , MyDecision™ combines three elements to cut the cost of providing employee healthcare ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/8/2016)... , Feb. 8, 2016  Avista Pharma Solutions ... Eric Setzer as Chief Financial Officer (CFO). Mr. Setzer ... years of experience in various roles within growing technology ... he served as the Executive Director of Finance at ... Raleigh, NC . Previously, Mr. Setzer ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... DUBLIN , Feb. 8, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... announced the addition of the "Label-Free ... Global Forecasts to 2020" report to ... has announced the addition of the ... - Global Forecasts to 2020" report ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... , Feb. 8, 2016  Unilife Corporation ("Unilife" or "Company") ... of injectable drug delivery systems, today announced that it will ... ended December 31, 2015 after market close on February 9, ... conference call to discuss these financial results.    ... --> About Unilife Corporation ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: