Navigation Links
Polio outbreak in Tajikistan is cause for alarm
Date:6/23/2010

OTTAWA, CANADA The rapidly growing polio outbreak in Tajikistan raises serious concerns that the disease could spread to other regions in the world, states an editorial http://www.cmaj.ca/cgi/doi/10.1503/cmaj.100831 in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal) www.cmaj.ca. It is imperative that health agencies attempt to limit further spread by ensuring high vaccination rates.

Polio is a serious disease that can cause paralysis and death in both children and adults. However, vaccines had largely eradicated the disease, until vaccination rates dipped below the minimum 90% coverage mark recommended by the WHO. There is no cure for polio prevention with vaccines is the only defense.

This is the first persistent outbreak of polio in a country that was previously certified to be polio-free. The outbreak represents 75% of the world's polio cases and far exceeds that of India and Nigeria, which are usually the sources of polio outbreaks.

"Too many regions and communities have ceased to worry about polio," writes Dr. Paul Hbert, Editor-in-Chief, CMAJ with Dr. Noni MacDonald, Public Health Editor. "As a consequence, vaccine uptake rates are all too often well below effective prevention levels."

Countries such as the Ukraine and Georgia are below the 90% target, and regions within Canada and some European countries have low community uptake rates. In Ontario, for example, childhood immunization rates are only in the high 70% to low 80% range, comparable to rates in Tajikistan. Concerns about vaccine safety, anti-government views and religious strictures against vaccinations have contributed to this lower uptake.

Individuals without polio symptoms started the Tajikistan outbreak with cases now appearing in Russia and Uzbekistan. Global travel can hasten the spread of the disease.

Urgent action is needed beyond the mass polio vaccine campaigns now underway in Tajikistan. The WHO must be more proactive in raising awareness of the issue beyond posting the growing numbers on its Global Polio Eradication website. The Public Health Agency of Canada must issue immediate guidance on the importance of polio vaccination, and the provinces and territories need to ramp up programs to improve vaccination uptake rates.

"The threat of polio is no longer simply theoretical," conclude the authors. "We are only one asymptomatic traveller away from an outbreak because of low vaccination rates."


'/>"/>

Contact: Kim Barnhardt
kim.barnhardt@cmaj.ca
613-520-7116 x2224
Canadian Medical Association Journal
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Rotary International and I Imagine Studio Have Teamed up to Helps Kick Polio out of Africa
2. McGraw-Hill Educations Online Resources Ease Learning at Home During H1N1 Outbreak
3. Nearly half of Americans believe H1N1 outbreak is over, poll finds
4. Vaccine Not Fail-Safe in Ongoing Mumps Outbreak
5. Dry Weather Boosts Odds of Flu Outbreaks
6. Massive Food Flavoring Recall Underscores Need for New Tracking Technology to Contain Outbreaks of Foodborne Illness
7. Preventive behaviors limited household transmission of H1N1 influenza during initial outbreak
8. Measles Outbreak Triggered by Unvaccinated Child
9. £3M awarded for climate model to predict disease outbreak
10. Food Safety Law Firm Investigates Major Outbreak of E. coli Linked To Lettuce
11. Jill Greenfield Comments on the Numerous Failings Highlighted by the Griffin Inquiry into Godstone Farm E.Coli 0157 Outbreak
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... ... They are musicians and librarians, fashion designers and fitness instructors, actors, athletes ... and around the nation. What do they have in common? All have been affected ... compelling new photographic exhibit debuting Friday, December 9 at Logan International Airport in Boston. ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... December 07, 2016 , ... ODU, ... promoting to the US market its advanced highly customizable contact technology solutions. , ... TURNTAC®. These advanced technologies are ideal for a wide range of applications that ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... December 07, 2016 , ... Baciocco Brothers ... to residents in the Sacramento/Folsom region, is initiating a charity event to raise ... Another Choice Another Chance treatment center in Sacramento works to provide area teens ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... , ... December 07, 2016 , ... One of two ... of the securement tape is painful for her. "This is why the co-inventor and ... heads," she said. , They then created a prototype of the patent-pending AV-AIR, a ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... December 07, 2016 , ... A. Kevin Spann Insurance, a ... throughout the Five Boroughs, is launching a charity drive to raise funds that will ... traditions and spirit of marines and Navy FMF Corpsmen. Working closely with the MCL, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/7/2016)... KEY FINDINGS Patient warming ... reducing loss of blood during surgeries, lowering the ... recovery after surgeries, and decreasing risks of SSIs. ... convective warming system, surface warming systems, and intravascular ... stay at hospitals thus, lowering the healthcare costs ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... 7, 2016 Global Hospital Linen Supply and ... global hospital linen supply and management services market presents ... a global and regional level. The study provides historic ... between 2015 and 2024 based on revenue (US$ Bn). ... market along with their impact on demand during the ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... N.J. , Dec. 7, 2016  Palatin ... it has closed on a previously disclosed underwritten ... $16,500,000.  Canaccord Genuity acted as sole book-running manager, ... Chardan Capital Markets acted as co-manager for the ... approximately $15.4 million in net proceeds, allowing us ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: