Navigation Links
Poisoning by prescription drugs on the rise
Date:4/5/2010

San Diego, CA, April 6, 2010 Poisoning is now the second leading cause of unintentional injury death in the U.S. While several recent high-profile Hollywood celebrity cases have brought the problem to public attention, the rates of unintentional poisoning deaths have been on the rise for more than 15 years, and in fact, unintentional poisoning has surpassed motor vehicle crashes as the leading cause of unintentional injury death among people 35󈞢 years of age. In a study published in the May issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine, researchers found that hospitalizations for poisoning by prescription opioids, sedatives and tranquilizers in the U.S. have increased by 65% from 1999 to 2006.

"Deaths and hospitalizations associated with prescription drug misuse have reached epidemic proportions," said the study's lead author, Jeffrey H. Coben, MD, of the West Virginia University School of Medicine. "It is essential that health care providers, pharmacists, insurance providers, state and federal agencies, and the general public all work together to address this crisis. Prescription medications are just as powerful and dangerous as other notorious street drugs, and we need to ensure people are aware of these dangers and that treatment services are available for those with substance abuse problems."

In the first comprehensive examination of nationwide hospitalizations associated with these prescription medications, researchers examined data gathered from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS), which contains records for approximately 8 million hospitalizations per year. By using standard diagnosis codes from the ICD-9-CM, the authors extracted from the NIS all poisonings by drugs, medicinal, and biological substances reported from 1999-2006, and further categorized the specific types of drugs in each case. It was also possible to determine whether the poisoning was diagnosed as intentional, unintentional or undetermined.

Dr. Coben believes that while the data reveals a fast-growing problem, there's an urgent need for more in-depth research on this wave of injuries and deaths. Writing in the article, he said, "Interviews with survivors could provide important additional details regarding the pathways to abuse of these drugs, the methods used to obtain the medications, the sequencing and combination of drugs that result in overdose, and the immediate precursors to these serious events. The association between hospitalization for prescription opioids, sedatives, and tranquilizers and subsequent morbidity and mortality is another area in need of further research."

While the majority of hospitalized poisonings are classified as unintentional, substantial increases were also demonstrated for intentional overdoses associated with these drugs, likely reflecting their widespread availability in community settings.

From 1999�, total estimated hospitalizations in the U.S. for poisoning by prescription opioids, sedatives, and tranquilizers increased by 65%; while unintentional poisonings by these drugs increased by 37%. In comparison, during this same period, hospitalizations for poisoning by other drugs, medicinal and biological substances increased by 33%, while all other hospitalizations increased by just over 11%. Unintentional poisonings by other substances increased by 21%. Intentional poisonings from prescription opioids, sedatives, and tranquilizers rose by a total of 130% compared to a 53% increase in intentional poisonings from other substances.

The largest percentage increase in hospitalizations for poisoning for a specific drug was observed for methadone (400%). Poisonings by benzodiazepines increased 39%. Hospitalizations for poisoning by barbiturates actually decreased 41%, as did hospitalizations for poisoning by antidepressants (a decrease of 13%).


'/>"/>

Contact: AJPM Editorial Office
eAJPM@ucsd.edu
858-534-9340
Elsevier Health Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. OldHouseWeb.com Educates Homeowners on Lead Poisoning Safeguards During National Poison Prevention Week
2. Mother of Binge Drinking Victim Urges Students and Parents to Discuss Signs of Alcohol Poisoning, Emphasize Peer Responsibility Prior to Spring Break
3. MSU scientists develop more effective method of predicting lead-poisoning risk
4. Bitrex Bitter Safety Additive Exhibiting at the Safe Kids Fair 2010; Making a Bitter Face to Learn about Poisoning Prevention
5. New Tests Confirm Wood Pallets Harbor Deadly Food Poisoning Bacteria
6. Shoppers Cautioned Against Poisoning With Holiday Gifts
7. A prescription for excellence
8. Find Safe, Affordable Prescription Alternatives at SplitMed.com - New Site for Discount Prescription Drugs
9. PrescriptionDrugs.com and Mike “Zappy” Zapolin Have Been Selected to Compete in Harvard Business School New Venture Contest
10. Physicians click their way to better prescriptions
11. Two Tulsa Pharmacies Penalized for Missing Prescription Drugs
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/29/2017)... ... May 29, 2017 , ... A New York high tech ... month test of the effectiveness of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in helping nudge men forward ... game,’ said Wayne Hartrick, President of the Canadian Men’s Health Foundation (CMHF), whose mission ...
(Date:5/28/2017)... ... May 28, 2017 , ... ... proud to announce that Sheldon K. Cho, MD, has joined its Winter Haven ... specialty that concentrates on minimally invasive techniques to treat and manage many types ...
(Date:5/27/2017)... ... 2017 , ... From May 21-23, hearing healthcare professionals gained a competitive edge ... the Marriott Syracuse Downtown Hotel in Syracuse, New York. , As EarQ’s technology ... healthcare providers to help them stay ahead in the industry. At the event, EarQ ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... May 26, 2017 , ... ... new educational seminar to focus on current legislative activity and the latest regulatory ... at 1 p.m. Sunday, Sept. 10, and will continue through Monday, Sept. 11, ...
(Date:5/26/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2017 , ... ... the first ever copper, antimicrobial, mesh back 24/7 task chair specifically designed for ... applications. “We are thrilled to partner with Cupron® to provide customers with ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/22/2017)... 22, 2017  As the specialty pharmacy industry ... to make the revolutionary shift from volume-based to ... ensuring positive patient outcomes and shaping the future ... focus away from clinical trials and toward data ... specialty drug therapy utilization in precise patient populations. ...
(Date:5/12/2017)... May 12, 2017  The China and Canada ... that consumes less water, energy and detergent, and features a powerful ... LaughingU, a shoebox-sized washing machine that washes and sanitizes women,s panties ... ... is compact, and does not require an external water inlet. ...
(Date:5/10/2017)... -- Radiology has become the number one diagnostic tool ... to the number one ranking as a result.  More ... as the most complete and reliable method for clinical ... pain an MRI may confirm a suspected herniated disc ... entirely different treatment protocols.  In these circumstances, patients need ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: