Navigation Links
Pneumonia Most Common Infection After Heart Surgery
Date:11/15/2011

TUESDAY, Nov. 15 (HealthDay News) -- Pneumonia is the most common infection following heart surgery, a new study shows.

The researchers also revealed that most infections occur about two weeks after an operation -- a week longer than previously thought. They are slated to present their findings Tuesday at the American Heart Association (AHA) annual meeting in Orlando, Fla.

"It's not what we expected to find," study author Dr. Michael Acker, chief of cardiovascular surgery at the University of Pennsylvania Medical Center in Philadelphia, said in an AHA news release.

After examining more than 5,100 heart surgery patients, whose average age was 64, the researchers found a total of 742 infections. Of these, 278 infections were considered serious, including an intestinal infection known as C. difficile colitis, which affected 1 percent of patients. Bloodstream infections occurred in 0.7 percent of the patients, and 0.5 percent of patients had deep-incision surgical site infections. Pneumonia however, was the most common infection, occurring in 2.4 percent of the patients.

The study also revealed that 42 percent of all these major infections occurred after patients left the hospital.

"Half of these patients had no evidence of infection before they were discharged from the hospital," said Acker. "Then they had to return because of the new infection. One implication is that patients must be followed more closely after discharge."

The study authors noted that the most common surgical procedures were isolated coronary artery bypass graft and aortic and mitral valve surgeries. Nearly three-quarters of the operations were elective surgeries -- not emergencies.

The researchers said several risk factors could increase a surgical patient's risk for infection, including congestive heart failure, hypertension, chronic lung disease, using corticosteroids before surgery, how long patients stay in the hospital and how long patients are on cardiopulmonary bypass.

They said the next step is to research differences in care, such as types of surgical dressings, antibiotics and surgical preparations, to investigate which are associated with the lowest risk of infection.

A separate study, of 3,700 patients having cardiac defibrillators implanted, showed that special skin-preparation procedures, including an antibiotic wash and strict drying time, reduced infection rates from 1 percent to 0.24 percent a year after surgery.

Because both studies were presented at a medical meeting, the data and conclusions should be viewed as preliminary until published in a peer-reviewed journal.

More information

The U.S. National Institutes of Health provides more information on pneumonia.

-- Mary Elizabeth Dallas

SOURCE: American Heart Association, news release, Nov. 15, 2011


'/>"/>
Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Prednisolone not benficial in most cases of community-acquired pneumonia
2. Hospital-Acquired Sepsis, Pneumonia a Growing Menace
3. Surgeons pilot prevention program reduces incidence of postoperative pneumonia
4. Pneumonia Shot Wont Help Lower Mens Heart Risks
5. First-ever World Health Assembly resolution to fight childhood pneumonia
6. Hands-on osteopathic treatment cuts hospital stays for pneumonia patients
7. Vaccine has cut child cases of bacterial pneumonia, says study
8. Prior Hospitalization With Pneumonia Often Tied to Later Misdiagnosis
9. H1N1 Flu Linked to Surge in Pneumonia Complication
10. Efforts to combat pneumonia among 15 high-burdened countries fall short of recommended targets
11. Heartburn Drugs May Raise Pneumonia Risk
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Pneumonia Most Common Infection After Heart Surgery
(Date:6/25/2016)... Viejo, California (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... ... to fit their specific project," said Christina Austin - CEO of Pixel Film Studios. ... fully customizable and all within Final Cut Pro X . Simply select a ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... ... non-athletes recover from injury. Recently, he has implemented orthobiologic procedures as a method ... —Johnson is one of the first doctors to perform the treatment. Orthobiologics are ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... A recent ... that most people are unfamiliar with. The article goes on to state that individuals ... also many of these less common operations such as calf and cheek reduction. The ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Marcy was in a crisis. Her son James, eight, was ... his family verbally and physically. , “When something upset him, he couldn’t control his emotions,” ... He would throw rocks at my other children and say he was going to kill ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Dr. ... accelerated orthodontic treatment. Dr. Cheng has extensive experience with all areas of orthodontics, ... and accelerated osteogenic orthodontics. , Micro-osteoperforation is a revolutionary adjunct to orthodontic ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... , June 24, 2016 ... the "Structural Electronics 2015-2025: Applications, Technologies, Forecasts" ... In-Mold Electronics, Smart Skin, Structural ... Structural electronics involves electronic and/or ... protective structures, replacing dumb structures such as vehicle ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... June 24, 2016 Dehaier Medical Systems Ltd. ... which develops, markets and sells medical devices and wearable ... signed a strategic cooperation agreement with Hongyuan Supply Chain ... Chain") on June 20, 2016, to develop Dehaier,s new ... cooperation agreement, Dehaier will leverage Hongyuan Supply Chain,s sales ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... to their offering. ... World Market for Companion Diagnostics covers the world market for ... report includes the following: , World IVD ... (N. America, EU, ROW), 2015-2020 , World IVD Companion ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: