Navigation Links
Plastic products leach toxic substances
Date:5/16/2011

Many plastic products contain hazardous chemicals that can leach to the surroundings. In studies conducted at the University of Gothenburg, a third of the tested plastic products released toxic substances, including 5 out of 13 products intended for children.

"Considering how common plastic products are, how quickly the production of plastic has increased and the amount of chemicals that humans and the environment are exposed to, it is important to replace the most hazardous substances in plastic products with less hazardous alternatives," says Delilah Lithner of the Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences at the University of Gothenburg.

Plastics exist in many different chemical compositions and are widespread in the society and the environment. Global annual production of plastics has doubled over the past 15 years, to 245 million tonnes in 2008. The plastic polymers are not regarded as toxic, but there may be toxic residual chemicals, chemical additives and degradation products in the plastic products that can leach out as they are not bound to the plastic polymer. Plastics also cause many waste problems.

In her research, Lithner studied the toxicity of 83 randomly selected plastic products and synthetic textiles. The newly purchased products were leached in pure (deionised) water for 1𔃁 days. The acute toxicity of the water was then tested using water fleas (Daphnia magna).

"A third of all the 83 plastic products and synthetic chemicals that were tested released substances that were acutely toxic to the water fleas, despite the leaching being mild. Five out of 13 products that were intended for children were toxic, for example bath toys and buoyancy aids such as inflatable armbands," says Delilah Lithner.

The products that resulted in toxic water were soft to semi-soft products made from plasticised PVC or polyurethane, as well as epoxy products and textiles made from various plastic fibres. The toxicity was mainly caused by fat-soluble organic substances.

Lithner also studied the chemicals used to make around 50 different plastic polymers and has identified the plastic polymers for which the most hazardous chemicals are used. They were then ranked on the basis of the environmental and health hazard classifications that exist for the chemicals. Examples of plastic polymers made from the most hazardous chemicals are certain polyurethanes, polyacrylonitriles, PVC, epoxy and certain styrene copolymers. The results are of great benefit for further assessing environmental and health risks associated with plastic materials.


'/>"/>

Contact: Delilah Lithner
delilah.lithner@dpes.gu.se
46-317-864-912
University of Gothenburg
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. NY Plastic Surgeon Challenges Long-Held Separation of Derms and Plastic Surgeons
2. Is a Tummy Tuck Right for Me? Alabama Plastic Surgeon Dr. David Durst Offers Tips as the Popularity of Surgical Cosmetic Enhancement Continues to Rise
3. Who Needs a Facelift? Plastic Surgeon Dr. Robert Zubowski With the Facts
4. Ft. Lauderdale Plastic Surgeon Robert E. Rothfield MD Restoring Curves and Self-Esteem in New Moms with Mommy Makeover
5. Why BPA leached from safe plastics may damage health of female offspring
6. Los Angeles Plastic Surgeon Christine Petti, MD Gives Patients an Evening of Beauty
7. Ritalin Boosts Learning by Increasing Brain Plasticity, According to UCSF Research
8. Chicago Plastic Surgeon Agrees That Women Are More Prone To Facial Wrinkles Than Men
9. New Website Connects Patients with Plastic Surgeons and Dermatologists
10. Green Genius Biodegradable Plastic Trash Bags Become First And Only Trash Bag Validated As Biodegradable By UL Environment
11. Plastic Surgery Institute of Southeast Texas Offers Milder Anesthesia for Outpatient Procedures
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The International Association of Eating Disorders Professionals ... the field of eating disorders, announces the opening of early registration for the ... at the Omni Resort at ChampionsGate. , The annual iaedp™ Symposium ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Lori R. Somekh, founder ... of ElderCounsel, a national organization of elder law and special needs planning attorneys. “Membership ... rules. It also provides a forum to network with elder law attorneys nationwide,” said ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... , ... October 13, 2017 , ... The Visiting Nurse ... Market. Featuring a collection of specialty vendors and unique items from across the nation, ... quality-focused health and wellness services offered by the VNA. The boutique will be ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... , ... October 13, 2017 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor ... that explains one of the most popular and least understood books in the Holy ... and puzzling descriptions that have baffled scholars for centuries. Many have tossed it off ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... ... “The Journey: From the Mountains to the Mission Field”: the story of ... Philippines. “The Journey: From the Mountains to the Mission Field” is the creation of ... taught all ages and currently teaches a class of ladies at her church, which ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/11/2017)... 11, 2017  BioPharmX Corporation (NYSE MKT: BPMX) researchers ... an innovative way to use nonlinear optical imaging to ... new drugs. ... will show how researchers from BioPharmX and the Wellman ... used a suite of imaging techniques in what is ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... FRISCO, Texas , Oct. 11, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... healthcare services, has amplified its effort during National ... patients about hereditary cancer risks. ... Journal of Clinical Oncology calculated that more than ... to have inherited mutations in BRCA1 or BRCA2 and ...
(Date:10/10/2017)...  NDS received FDA 510(k) clearance in May 2017 for its ... specifically designed for endoscopy environments. An innovative secondary monitor solution, ZeroWire ... to support the improvement of patient outcomes, procedural efficiency, and the ... ... ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: