Navigation Links
Place, not race, may be a larger determinant of health disparities
Date:10/6/2011

Where you live could play a larger role in health disparities than originally thought, according to a new study by researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. They examined a racially integrated, low-income neighborhood in Baltimore, Maryland and found that, with the exception of smoking, nationally reported disparities in hypertension, diabetes, obesity among women and use of health services disappeared or narrowed. The results are featured in the October 2011 issue of Health Affairs.

"Most of the current health disparities literature fails to account for the fact that the nation is largely segregated, leaving racial groups exposed to different health risks and with variable access to health services based on where they live," said Thomas LaVeist, PhD, lead author of the study, director of the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Disparities Solutions, and the William C. and Nancy F. Richardson Professor in Health Policy and Management. "By comparing black and white Americans who are exposed to the same set of socioeconomic, social and environmental conditions we were better equipped to discern the impact of race on health-related outcomes and have concluded social factors are essentially equalized when racial disparities are minimized."

LaVeist and colleagues identified communities in the U.S. containing a population of at least 35 percent African American and 35 percent white residents, and where the African Americans and white residents have similar income and education. Two communities in Baltimore were selected as study sites and in-person interviews were conducted with adult residents. Blood pressure was also measured among a number of study participants. Researchers used data from the National Health Interview Survey to compare national and study-site data on obesity, smoking and diabetes. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey was used to compare national and study-site data on hypertension. Data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey was used to compare the use of health services nationally and in the study area. Researchers concluded that racial differences in social environments explained a significant portion of disparities typically found in national data.

"When whites are exposed to the health risks of an urban environment their health status is compromised similarly to that of blacks, who more commonly live in such communities," said Darrell Gaskin, PhD, co-author of the study, deputy director of the Hopkins Center for Health Disparities Solutions and an associate professor with the Bloomberg School's Department of Health Policy and Management. "Policies aimed solely at health behavior change, biological differences among racial groups, or increased access to health care are limited in their ability to close racial disparities in health. A more effective policy approach would be to address the differing resources of neighborhoods and improve the underlying conditions of health for all."


'/>"/>

Contact: Natalie Wood-Wright
nwoodwri@jhsph.edu
410-614-6029
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. With Safety Devices in Place, Kids Injuries Decline: Study
2. Study shows race, not experience, impacts hiring in sports world
3. Study finds race, ethnicity impact access to care for children with frequent ear infections
4. Race, Income Affect Care for Ear Infections: Study
5. Race, Gender Play Part in Hypertension Risk
6. Race, Sex Play Part in Hypertension Risk
7. Sex, race, and geography influence health outcomes following primary HIV infection
8. Self-Esteem Levels Vary by Age, Race, Study Finds
9. New clues found linking larger animals to colder climates
10. Fewer Deaths in Larger, Busier Hospitals
11. UniqueU Medical Weight Loss Success Requires an Expansion and Move to a Larger Location
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/23/2017)... Yardley, PA (PRWEB) , ... March 23, 2017 ... ... received Patient Oriented Disease Management Accreditation from the NCQA. The accreditation covers StayWell’s ... programs. , Accredited status is granted to organizations that have excellent programs ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... , ... The TouchPoint Solution, home of Buzzies *, is boosting the ... , “Buzzies change the way we interact with stress and live our day-to-day lives,” ... date in December 2016, The TouchPoint Solution has sold more than $750,000 in product ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... , ... March 23, 2017 , ... After raising more ... FaceCradle , the most-funded travel pillow in crowdfunding history, has established a ... its wildly popular travel innovation to Americans. , “We’re excited to be operating on ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... ... today announced rapid completion of the strategic executive team expansion needed to further ... to the ChenMed executive team,” says Christopher Chen, MD, ChenMed Chief Executive Officer. ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... Natural Subsistence, ... aspects of people’s health and nutrition, announced its product Leyzene is now available ... Subsistence develops nutritional supplements that help people improve all aspects of their health ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/23/2017)... MUMBAI , March 23, 2017 ... de Piramal Enterprises Limited, anuncia el nombramiento de ... PPS ofrece una plataforma de servicios integrados completa ... Needleman desempeñará un cargo clave en el crecimiento ... comercial, Needleman será responsable de impulsar todas las ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... 23, 2017  Galmed Pharmaceuticals Ltd. (Nasdaq: ... clinical-stage biopharmaceutical company focused on the development of ... nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, or NASH, and other liver diseases, ... twelve months ended December 31, 2016, and announced new ... demonstrating Aramchol™,s potential direct effect on liver fibrosis. ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... 23, 2017 ReNeuron reported in December ... in chronic stroke patients, despite not meeting the three-month time ... the Action Research Arm Test (ARAT). As a result, the ... controlled clinical study in 2017. Beyond CTX, we expect safety ... 2017 and Phase I data from its critical limb ischaemia ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: