Navigation Links
Place, not race, may be a larger determinant of health disparities

Where you live could play a larger role in health disparities than originally thought, according to a new study by researchers from the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. They examined a racially integrated, low-income neighborhood in Baltimore, Maryland and found that, with the exception of smoking, nationally reported disparities in hypertension, diabetes, obesity among women and use of health services disappeared or narrowed. The results are featured in the October 2011 issue of Health Affairs.

"Most of the current health disparities literature fails to account for the fact that the nation is largely segregated, leaving racial groups exposed to different health risks and with variable access to health services based on where they live," said Thomas LaVeist, PhD, lead author of the study, director of the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Disparities Solutions, and the William C. and Nancy F. Richardson Professor in Health Policy and Management. "By comparing black and white Americans who are exposed to the same set of socioeconomic, social and environmental conditions we were better equipped to discern the impact of race on health-related outcomes and have concluded social factors are essentially equalized when racial disparities are minimized."

LaVeist and colleagues identified communities in the U.S. containing a population of at least 35 percent African American and 35 percent white residents, and where the African Americans and white residents have similar income and education. Two communities in Baltimore were selected as study sites and in-person interviews were conducted with adult residents. Blood pressure was also measured among a number of study participants. Researchers used data from the National Health Interview Survey to compare national and study-site data on obesity, smoking and diabetes. The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey was used to compare national and study-site data on hypertension. Data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey was used to compare the use of health services nationally and in the study area. Researchers concluded that racial differences in social environments explained a significant portion of disparities typically found in national data.

"When whites are exposed to the health risks of an urban environment their health status is compromised similarly to that of blacks, who more commonly live in such communities," said Darrell Gaskin, PhD, co-author of the study, deputy director of the Hopkins Center for Health Disparities Solutions and an associate professor with the Bloomberg School's Department of Health Policy and Management. "Policies aimed solely at health behavior change, biological differences among racial groups, or increased access to health care are limited in their ability to close racial disparities in health. A more effective policy approach would be to address the differing resources of neighborhoods and improve the underlying conditions of health for all."


Contact: Natalie Wood-Wright
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health

Related medicine news :

1. With Safety Devices in Place, Kids Injuries Decline: Study
2. Study shows race, not experience, impacts hiring in sports world
3. Study finds race, ethnicity impact access to care for children with frequent ear infections
4. Race, Income Affect Care for Ear Infections: Study
5. Race, Gender Play Part in Hypertension Risk
6. Race, Sex Play Part in Hypertension Risk
7. Sex, race, and geography influence health outcomes following primary HIV infection
8. Self-Esteem Levels Vary by Age, Race, Study Finds
9. New clues found linking larger animals to colder climates
10. Fewer Deaths in Larger, Busier Hospitals
11. UniqueU Medical Weight Loss Success Requires an Expansion and Move to a Larger Location
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/26/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 26, 2015 , ... Indosoft Inc., ... inclusion of an application server to improve system efficiency and reliability. , The new ... many of these standards, the system avoids locking itself into a specific piece of ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... Medical ... once again for its stellar workplace culture with the company’s Cincinnati office being ... Medical Solutions’ Cincinnati office was named a finalist in Cincinnati Business Courier’s 13th ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... For the first time, Vitalalert is ... One Beat ” campaign. The partnership between the two groups began in 2014 with ... International’s cause. , MAP International was founded in 1954 and is an international Christian-based ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... and athletic programs, launches new Wimbledon Athletics Facebook page to educate ... athletes for unsuspected cardiac abnormalities. About 2,000 people under the age of 25 ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... Calif. (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 , ... Beddit® ... and Beddit Classic sleep tracking systems. The new app features a more intuitive SleepScore™ ... and understand how well you slept. The SleepScore is created by a proprietary algorithm. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... , November 26, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... announced the addition of the  "2016 ... the European Therapeutic Drug Monitoring (TDM) ... Competitive Intelligence, Emerging Opportunities"  report to ... ) has announced the addition of ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... , Nov. 26, 2015 Research ... addition of the "2016 Future Horizons and ... (TDM) Market: Supplier Shares, Country Segment Forecasts, Competitive ... --> --> ... analysis of the Italian therapeutic drug monitoring market, ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... , Nov. 25, 2015 ... the addition of the "Global Brain ... their offering. --> ) ... "Global Brain Monitoring Devices Market 2015-2019" ... Research and Markets ( ) has ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: