Navigation Links
Pitt study suggests craving hinders comprehension without your realizing it
Date:12/7/2009

PITTSBURGHA new University of Pittsburgh study reveals that craving a cigarette while performing a cognitive task not only increases the chances of a person's mind wandering, but also makes that person less likely to notice when his or her mind has wandered.

The paper, titled "Out for a Smoke: The Impact of Cigarette Craving on Zoning Out During Reading," provides the first evidence that craving disrupts an individual's meta-awareness, the ability to periodically appraise one's own thoughts.

The research is published in the January issue of Psychological Science.

Pitt professor of psychology Michael Sayette and colleagues Erik Reichle, associate professor and chair of Pitt's cognitive program in psychology, and Jonathan Schooler, professor of psychology at the University of California, Santa Barbara, recruited 44 male and female heavy smokers to take part in the study. All smoked nearly a pack a day and refrained from smoking for at least six hours before arriving at the lab.

Participants were assigned at random to either a crave-condition or low-crave group. Those in the latter group were permitted to smoke throughout the study; members of the crave-condition group had to abstain. Participants were asked to read as many as 34 pages of Tolstoy's War and Peace from a computer screen. If they caught themselves zoning out, they pressed a key labeled ZO. Every few minutes, a tone sounded, and they were asked via the computer, "Were you zoning out?" to which they responded by pressing a "Yes" or "No" key. After 30 minutes, a reading comprehension test was administered.

Although both groups were prompted a similar number of times, the people craving cigarettes acknowledged more mind-wandering episodesthree times as many, in fact as those in the low-crave group. But as far as independently recognizing (meta-awareness) that they were zoning out, those who were craving were no more likely to do so than the other group.
'/>"/>

Contact: Sharon Blake
blake@pitt.edu
412-624-4364
University of Pittsburgh
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Penn study finds pro-death proteins required to regulate healthy immune function
2. New study shows promise in reducing surgical risks associated with surgical bleeding
3. Study, meta-analysis examine factors associated with death from heatstroke
4. Study suggests loss of 2 types of neurons -- not just 1 -- triggers Parkinsons symptoms
5. Study says COPD testing is not measuring up
6. Preclinical study suggests organ-transplant drug may aid in lupus fight
7. Ability to cope with stress can increase good cholesterol in older white men, study finds
8. High alcohol consumption increases stroke risk, Tulane study says
9. Mailman School of Public Health study examines link between racial discrimination and substance use
10. Pitt study finds inequality in tobacco advertising
11. Stanford study highlights cost-effective method of lowering heart disease risks
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:9/18/2014)... Mary Ann Thompson and Mathieu Nikel decided it was time to ... their son, Isaac, said there was only one choice for them ... 2001 when Thompson was an undergraduate student and needed a French ... time, was French and so she asked him. , ... when she was 7 years old. Nikel is originally from ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... Kent, WA Chiropractor Danene Saggau ... to announce that Dawn Kelly has agreed to become the ... looks forward to Ms. Kelly expanding her role within the ... her a key contributor. “ Dawn Kelly brings to ... personal experiences that will allow me to focus on ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... 2014 Memorial Cardiac and Vascular ... week by performing the first ever, adult heart transplant ... for Organ Sharing) approval to launch the adult heart ... two programs in South Florida. , The skilled ... Gongora, Medical Director of the Adult Heart Transplant ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to diverse communities ... study. Hearing different languages in the park ... to learn from people who are different from them, ... like adults, are often biased against interacting with and ... Amanda Woodward, a University of Chicago psychology professor, said ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... By Steven Reinberg HealthDay ... a sign that the Ebola outbreak in West Africa is starting ... that more than 700 new cases of the deadly viral infection ... number of cases to more than 5,300, with roughly half of ... reported. The number of deaths now tops 2,600. WHO ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:For The First Time in Over a Decade Mercy College Alumni Marry at College 2Health News:Lake Meridian Chiropractic of Kent, WA Announces that Dawn Kelly Has Been Promoted to the Position of Office Manager 2Health News:Memorial Cardiac & Vascular Institute Performs First Adult Heart Transplant in Broward County 2Health News:Memorial Cardiac & Vascular Institute Performs First Adult Heart Transplant in Broward County 3Health News:Memorial Cardiac & Vascular Institute Performs First Adult Heart Transplant in Broward County 4Health News:Study: Exposure to Diversity Might Boost Baby's Social Skills 2Health News:New Ebola Cases Top 700 in Just One Week, Officials Report 2Health News:New Ebola Cases Top 700 in Just One Week, Officials Report 3
... of low health literacy the difference between patients, ... effectively communicate complex medical information is $106 billion ... biopharmaceutical company. To improve the health literacy of professionals ... health literacy study emphasis beginning this fall. The MU ...
... , ... Government Agencies to Increase ROI of IT Infrastructure , ... Reston, VA (PRWEB) February 18, 2010 -- Carahsoft ... Parabonâ Computation , a veteran provider of extreme-scale grid computing software and services. ...
... ... software standardization program at seven hospital laboratories of the Cleveland Clinic in Ohio. ... ... healthcare diagnostic information technology and outreach solutions, has successfully completed system-wide implementation of ...
... Rat studies suggest Victoza could spur rare thyroid tumor, ... THURSDAY, Feb. 18 (HealthDay News) -- The U.S. Food ... January to approve a new diabetes drug, Victoza (liraglutide), ... risk for a rare thyroid cancer. , Victoza, among ...
... (Feb. 17, 2010) Van Andel Research Institute ... sunitinib, a treatment that is currently the first line of ... form of kidney cancer. Most patients who show a ... after one year of treatment. Kidney cancer is among ...
... , ST. PETERS, Mo. , Feb. 18 ... Electronic Materials, Inc., has donated $25,000 to Meds & ... charity dedicated to saving the lives of Haiti ,s malnourished ... Kids produces peanut-based ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) – known in ...
Cached Medicine News:Health News:MU offers training program to improve health literacy 2Health News:Parabon's Frontier Grid Platform Software Now Available on Carahsoft's GSA Schedule 2Health News:Parabon's Frontier Grid Platform Software Now Available on Carahsoft's GSA Schedule 3Health News:Sunquest Completes System-Wide Implementation at Cleveland Clinic Hospital Laboratories 2Health News:FDA Approved Diabetes Drug Despite Hints at Cancer Risk 2Health News:FDA Approved Diabetes Drug Despite Hints at Cancer Risk 3Health News:VARI findings may help patients with deadly kidney cancer 2Health News:MEMC Foundation Donates to Help Fight Malnourishment in Haiti 2Health News:MEMC Foundation Donates to Help Fight Malnourishment in Haiti 3
(Date:9/18/2014)... 18, 2014  Iliad Neurosciences, Inc., a company focused ... treating Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) announced today that it ... Research Foundation for The State University of New York. ... new biomarker to identify an abnormality in folate transport ... biomarker is expected to be available for research use ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... , September 18, 2014 ... audience, has updated the incredibly successful Serialisation Countdown calendar ... interactive PDF, available at pharmaserialisation.com shows the ... which they will be coming into force. ... longer a matter of "if", but "when" they will ...
(Date:9/18/2014)... , Sept. 18, 2014  Zacks.com announces the ... day the Zacks Equity Research analysts discuss the latest ... Stocks recently featured in the blog include the Avanir Pharmaceuticals ... (Nasdaq: NPSP - Free Report ), Orexigen (Nasdaq: ... MDVN - Free Report ) and Gilead (Nasdaq: ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:Iliad Neurosciences, Inc. enters into an Exclusive License Agreement with The Research Foundation for The State University of New York 2Iliad Neurosciences, Inc. enters into an Exclusive License Agreement with The Research Foundation for The State University of New York 3Pharma IQ Displays Worldwide Serialisation Deadlines in their 2014 - 2018 Countdown Calendar 2The Zacks Analyst Blog Highlights: Avanir Pharmaceuticals, NPS Pharmaceuticals, Orexigen, Medivation and Gilead 2The Zacks Analyst Blog Highlights: Avanir Pharmaceuticals, NPS Pharmaceuticals, Orexigen, Medivation and Gilead 3The Zacks Analyst Blog Highlights: Avanir Pharmaceuticals, NPS Pharmaceuticals, Orexigen, Medivation and Gilead 4The Zacks Analyst Blog Highlights: Avanir Pharmaceuticals, NPS Pharmaceuticals, Orexigen, Medivation and Gilead 5The Zacks Analyst Blog Highlights: Avanir Pharmaceuticals, NPS Pharmaceuticals, Orexigen, Medivation and Gilead 6
... 14, 2011 Radient Pharmaceuticals Corporation (OTCQX:RXPC) (OTCPK:RXPC), a ... (IVD) cancer tests, today announced financial results for its ... for the third quarter ended September 30, 2011 were ... September 30, 2010.  For the nine months ended September ...
... Corporation (NASDAQ: LMNX ) today announced ... at the Defense Threat Reduction Agency,s (DTRA) 2011 ... Conference, which takes place November 14-16, 2011 in ... During the conference, Dr. Altman will present ...
Cached Medicine Technology:Radient Pharmaceuticals Announces FY 2011 Third Quarter Results 2Radient Pharmaceuticals Announces FY 2011 Third Quarter Results 3Luminex Corporation Vice President of Biodefense to Speak at DTRA'S 2011 CBD S&T Conference 2Luminex Corporation Vice President of Biodefense to Speak at DTRA'S 2011 CBD S&T Conference 3
Electric high speed system....
... High Performance Instrument System was ... for increased power of the ... It provides 60% more torque ... easily handle the most demanding ...
The XK-95 High Speed Drill System sets new technological and performance standards for surgical drill systems....
... Platinum is a compact and quiet, ... at 120 psi/8 bar, it provides ... size with noticeable noise reduction. A ... with an enhanced ergonomic handpiece to ...
Medicine Products: