Navigation Links
Pitt researchers propose new model to design better flu shots
Date:12/22/2011

PITTSBURGHThe flu shot, typically the first line of defense against seasonal influenza, could better treat the U.S. population, thanks to University of Pittsburgh researchers.

New research that focuses on the composition and timing of the shot design was published in the September-October issue of Operations Research by Pitt Swanson School of Engineering faculty members Oleg Prokopyev, an assistant professor, and Professor Andrew Schaefer, both in the Department of Industrial Engineering, and coauthors Osman Ozaltin and Mark Roberts, professor and chair in Pitt's Department of Health Policy and Management. Ozaltin, who is now an assistant professor of engineering at the University of Waterloo in Ontario, did his research for the study as a Pitt graduate student in the Swanson School; he earned his Pitt PhD degree in industrial engineering earlier this year.

The exact composition of the flu shot is decided every year by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the decision is complicated.

"The flu's high rate of transmission requires frequent changes to the shot," said Prokopyev. "Different strains can also cocirculate in one season, which gives us another challenge for figuring out the composition."

The Pitt researchers used powerful optimization methods from engineering to examine whether they could improve the yearly decisions made regarding what strains of influenza should be included in the current year's vaccine. The strains of flu that will be most likely to appear in the regular flu season are not known with certainty, but waiting longer to finalize the composition of the vaccine and observing what strains are occurring in other parts of the world improves the accuracy of the selection. However, the longer the FDA waits to make the decision, the more likely it is that there will be insufficient vaccine produced by the start of flu season. The model developed by the Pitt researchers balances these two important ch
'/>"/>

Contact: B. Rose Huber
rhuber@pitt.edu
412-624-4356
University of Pittsburgh
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related medicine news :

1. UTHealth researchers link multiple sclerosis to different area of brain
2. Women should still be concerned about hormone replacement therapy, say McMaster researchers
3. Northwestern researchers trial new device that may support improved newborn health
4. More reasons to keep this New Years weight loss resolution uncovered by Ben-Gurion U researchers
5. Researchers identify potential target to delay metastatic pancreatic cancer and prolong survival
6. Researchers use light to measure cancer cells response to treatment
7. MDC researchers: Ion channel makes African naked mole-rat insensitive to acid-induced pain
8. MU researchers find pet kidney injuries are similar to human kidney injuries
9. UC Irvine researchers urge caution when buying noisy toys
10. Ohio State researchers discover hereditary predisposition of melanoma of the eye
11. Researchers investigate link between autoimmune diseases and wounds that dont heal
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/9/2014)... policing injection drug users in Russia might contribute ... A study, conducted by researchers from Boston University ... with St. Petersburg Pavlov State University, sought to ... health outcomes of a cohort of HIV-positive people ... who were arrested by police were more likely ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... release is available in French . ... in 14 year old teens, including brain structure and function, ... accuracy who will go on to develop binge drinking within ... conscientiousness, and other variables such as life events and a ... binge drinking. Whether or not the child had had ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... the world have been linked to an emerging ... the National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis ... contribute. , In a series of mathematical ... hemorrhage of internal organs in frogs, could cause ... they are exposed to the virus every few ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases ... has launched an early-stage clinical trial of CRS3123, ... Clostridium difficile ( C. difficile ) infection. ... agent that inhibits C. difficile growth while sparing ... will enroll up to 30 healthy men and ...
(Date:7/9/2014)... poor printing on prescription labels handed out by ... errors in taking medication, according to new research ... National Institute for the Blind)., The study, published ... found that labels on prescription medications dispensed by ... for legibility. , By simply following recommended guidelines ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:BU researchers relate arrests with HIV risk environment 2Health News:What drives a child to abuse alcohol? 2Health News:Study predicts ranavirus as potential new culprit in amphibian extinctions 2Health News:NIH launches Phase I clinical trial of novel drug to treat Clostridium difficile infection 2Health News:Most prescription labels fail to meet guidelines, risking dosage errors 2
... in four Pakistani adults aged 15 years and above is ... link with hypertension and diabetes//. ,The study has ... similarities among the people's food habits and lifestyle in the ... that excess weight and obesity are a major health problem ...
... Researchers at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD) ... white blood cells that play key roles// in inflammation ... navigate to sites of infection and inflammation. These findings ... and inflammatory diseases in patients. ,The research, reported ...
... incidents, particularly those resulting in harm, warns a study ... the current system, which relies on voluntary reporting, may ... accurate information on the extent of harm resulting from ... common in hospitals, and many of them lead to ...
... resident doctors of All India Institute of Medical Sciences ... //in Lok Sabha on Thursday intensified with five more ... Anil Sharma, spokesman of the AIIMS Resident Doctors' Association, ... duty and services at AIIMS.' – Dr Sharma said. ...
... Australia, AMA Vice-President, Dr Choong-Siew Yong, today cautioned people ... take extra care during periods of smoke haze. ... anyone’s health, but that's particularly true for people with ... ,'Large airborne particles such as embers can irritate ...
... "Pascal" Norris died in July. The cause of his death ... an instrument maker and made African drums, and it is ... leather. ,Anthrax is caused by bacterium Bacillus anthracis ... goats but humans exposed to infected animals can also be ...
Cached Medicine News:Health News:Researchers Discover Internal Compass of Immune Cells 2Health News:Hospitals Miss Most Patient Safety Incidents 2Health News:Asthma Warning As Bushfires Burn 2
(Date:1/15/2014)... AARP Foundation today announced it has established a relief ... cold weather that has gripped much of the nation. AARP ... so to support these emergency relief efforts AARP and AARP ... mean up to $500,000 in aid. The matching program will ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... 15, 2014 Shire plc (LSE: SHP, NASDAQ: ... Fair Trading (OFT) approval condition to the announced tender offer for ... As a result of the waiver, the transaction is ... the tender offer on January 24, 2014 following the currently scheduled ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... , Jan. 15, 2014  In an unprecedented effort to curb ... in ambulances and other transport vehicles, an advanced and portable UV ... personnel for the first time. In order to ... these deadly pathogens, West Palm Beach Fire ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:AARP Foundation Establishes Winter Relief Fund for Older Adults Suffering from the Severe Cold Weather 2AARP Foundation Establishes Winter Relief Fund for Older Adults Suffering from the Severe Cold Weather 3Shire Waives OFT Condition Relating to the Acquisition of ViroPharma Inc. 2Shire Waives OFT Condition Relating to the Acquisition of ViroPharma Inc. 3Superbugs No Longer Ride In Rescue Vehicles 2
... L/min of Type I ultrapure water, , ... Plus System is designed to provide the ... pretreated by reverse osmosis, distillation or deionization. ... quality which exceeds Type I ASTM/CAP/NCCLS specifications.,The ...
... Synergy systems produce ultrapure water from pre-treated water ... L/min to meet the basic needs of scientific ... UV lamp (185 nm and 254 nm) to ... (< 5 ppb TOC when fed by Elix ...
... UniBloc weighing mechanism for speed, ... stability control, analog display modes, multiple ... percent measure functions, auto print, and ... data from built-in clock. Built-in, ...
... speed, stability and durability. Back-lighted Display. ... multiple units of measure, piece counting ... and GLP/GMP/ISO output including date and ... calibration with external weights only (selectable ...
Medicine Products: