Navigation Links
Pitchers bean more batters in the heat of the summer
Date:3/10/2011

During spring training, you will find Major League pitchers practicing their pitches, perfecting their technique and strengthening their muscles to endure the grueling 162 game season. A new study published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, suggests that hurlers might also consider the effect these sweltering months could have on their brains.

The study, led by researchers from Duke University's Fuqua School of Business, has found pitchers whose teammates get hit by a pitch are more likely to strike back and peg an opposing batter when the temperature reaches 90 degrees than on cooler days. But if no one has already been hit in the game, then high temperatures have little effect on a pitcher's behavior.

"We found that heat does not lead to more aggression in general," said Richard Larrick, a management professor at Fuqua. "Instead, heat affects a specific form of aggression. It increases retribution."

Major League statistics show there were 1,549 incidents of hit batters last season, an average of .64 hit-by-pitch incidents per game. Larrick said that it is not a necessarily a winning strategy to hit batters, as the plunked player gets to proceed to first base and is effortlessly placed in potential scoring position. However, managers and players alike admit that sometimes they intentionally target batters.

"When a batter is hit by the opposing team, his teammates don't know if it was an accident or deliberate," said Larrick, who also holds an appointment in the department of psychology and neuroscience. "We think hotter temperatures make a pitcher more likely to see the action as deliberate and hostile. And once a pitcher feels provoked, hotter temperatures increase feelings of revenge."

The study examined 57,293 Major League Baseball games from 1952 through 2009 -- roughly 4.5 million matchups between a pitcher and a hitter. Temperature served as a better forecaster of whether or not a player would be beamed if the opposing team's pitcher had already hit one or more hitters. If the temperatures were resting in the 50s during a game, there was a 22 percent chance a pitcher would hit a batter if a hasty pitch occurred in the first inning of the game. This escalated to 27 percent if the temperatures were in the 90s.

The researchers were careful to consider factors that could skew the correlation. They looked at variables such as performance, wild pitches, errors by the other team, the location of the game and the year the game was played.

"It was important to sort out whether heat tends to increase aggressive behavior, such as retribution, or whether it leads pitchers to be less accurate with their pitches," said Larrick.

As a behavioral science expert, Larrick predicted that he would find a link between heat and aggression. "There are decades of research showing heat leads to aggression, like finding more violent crime in the summer," he said. "But in crime statistics, it's hard to really determine if it's heat or other things. One of the nice things about studying baseball is that we're able to control for factors besides heat."

Baseball fans often believe in the "batter for a batter" mentality, however there may be a secret to this commonly accepted retaliation theory. "Nobody seems to be aware that players apply the rule much more at high temperatures than at cool temperatures," said Larrick.


'/>"/>

Contact: Tiffany Harrington
tharrington@psychologicalscience.org
202-293-9300
Association for Psychological Science
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Views on Pitchers Elbow Surgery Called Disturbing
2. Sleep preference can predict performance of Major League Baseball pitchers
3. Tommy John elbow reconstruction 95 percent successful with grown teen pitchers, study says
4. Pre-Season Test Spots Baseball Pitchers at Risk of Injury
5. ABTA names Ryan Salinas outstanding 10 summer medical student fellow
6. Relax, Recharge And Reflex This Summer At A Leading Key West Resort
7. As Summer Heats Up, Glacier Creme Debuts the Ultimate in Natural Sunscreen: 'Naked Protection' with Zinc Oxide
8. Summer Travelers Take Note, Air Ambulance Coverage Explained
9. Summertime Decadence: Rodelle Cocoa Launches in Western Canada
10. Summer is Here - The Best Value Luxury Manicures, Spa Packages and Spa Waxing from Kuno Tierra, Mayfair Spa
11. Bump in Head Injury Numbers Linked to Summer Play
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Dr. ... recently contributed a medical article to the newly revamped Cosmetic Town journal ... spotlights the hair transplant procedure known as Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE). ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... , ... Leading pediatric oncology experts at Children’s National Health System ... of the International Society of Paediatric Oncology (SIOP) Oct. 12-15. Chaired by ... Blood Disorders at Children’s National, and Stephen P. Hunger, M.D., Chief of the ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... Mich. (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... has been named one of Michigan’s 2017 Best and Brightest in Wellness® by ... Brightest in Wellness® awards program on Friday, Oct. 20 from 7:30 a.m. to ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... of $3,296 in property taxes a year. In some states—like New York, New ... , By contrast, many overseas retirement havens have extremely low property-tax rates, which ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... of California Berkeley, and other leading institutions in announcing the launch of the ... to change the way animals are raised for food. , Founding members of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/18/2017)... KALAMAZOO, Mich. , Sept. 18, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... and OptiMed Specialty Pharmacy of Kalamazoo, Mich. ... a strategic hub service that expedites and streamlines patient ... spirometer, Spiro PD 2.0, and wellness management services.  ... a medical device used to measure lung function for ...
(Date:9/13/2017)... 13, 2017   OrthoAtlanta has been named the ... Host Committee (AFHC) for the 2018 College Football Playoff (CFP) ... at Mercedes-Benz Stadium in Atlanta, Georgia . ... "I,m In" campaign, participating in many activities leading up to, ... ...
(Date:9/12/2017)... Sept. 12, 2017  Consumer reviews on the independent review site ... the number one company for hearing aids, ranking it higher than ... brands. ... #1 by Consumers For Hearing Aids ... Hearing is an online store that provides high performance, state-of-the-art, German-engineered ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: