Navigation Links
Physician-assisted suicide does not increase severity of depression, grief among family members

PORTLAND, Ore Unlike other forms of suicide, physician assisted death does not cause substantial regret, or a sense of rejection among surviving family members. In addition, the prevalence and severity of depression and grief among family members whose loved ones received aid in dying is no different than family members whose loved ones did not pursue physician assisted suicide. These findings are the result of a study conducted by researchers at Oregon Health & Science University and published online this week in the Journal of Pain and Symptom Management.

"Grief following the death of a loved one can be persistent, painful and debilitating," said Linda Ganzini, M.D., a professor of psychiatry and medicine in the OHSU School of Medicine and lead author of the research paper. "Prior studies on suicides indicate high levels of shame, guilt, stigma and sense of rejection in surviving family members. However, until now, little was known about mental health outcomes in the family members of a patient who receives physician aid in dying. Based on our research, we know that family members of loved ones who pursue physician assisted suicide do not have different prevalence and severity of depression and prolonged grief compared to the general population."

To conduct the study, researchers surveyed 95 family members whose loved ones requested aid in dying through Oregon's Death with Dignity Act. This group included 59 family members whose loved one received a lethal prescription and 36 whose loved one died by lethal ingestion. The researchers compared this information with responses received from 63 family members whose loved one had died from cancer or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (Lou Gehrig's disease) and had not requested aid in dying.

In comparing survey results, the researchers found that the rate of grief and depression between these two groups was nearly identical. However, family members of loved ones who requested a lethal prescription indicated they felt more prepared for and more accepting of the death.

Among family members whose loved one requested but did not receive a lethal prescription, there was greater likelihood that the family members had regrets about how their loved one died. This group also was less likely to confirm that the patient's preferences for care were honored, and they gave a lower rating for overall quality of care the last week of life.

"One of the other interesting findings in this research was the fact that families often had shared views when it came to the acceptability of physician aid in dying," added Ganzini. "When we communicated with the family members of those who received aid in dying, 98 percent said they would consider physician assisted suicide for themselves."


Contact: Jim Newman
Oregon Health & Science University

Related medicine news :

1. As I-1000 Signatures are Counted, Washington State Medical Association Opposition to Physician-Assisted Suicide Reiterated
2. Vulnerable groups are not at higher risk of physician-assisted death
3. Suicides Higher in Rural Areas With Bars
4. 8.3 Million U.S. Adults Considered Suicide Last Year
5. The American Legion Can Play Key Role in Vets Suicide Prevention, Says VA
6. US-born Asian-American women more likely to think about, attempt suicide
7. Suicide Risk With Antidepressants Falls With Age
8. Suicide Genes Help Slow Ovarian Tumor Growth in Mice
9. Nanoparticle-delivered 'Suicide' Genes Slowed Ovarian Tumor Growth
10. Feeling Blue Suicide Prevention Council Partners With the National Institute of Mental Health
11. Financial crisis increases suicides and homicides
Post Your Comments:
(Date:12/1/2015)... , ... December 01, 2015 , ... ... Visage Imaging Inc. (“Visage”), a wholly owned subsidiary of Pro Medicus Ltd. (ASX: ... enhancements at the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA) 2015 annual meeting through ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... TCS Healthcare Technologies (TCS), ... population health arenas, is pleased to announce that VIP Care Services, a Caprock ... implemented the ACUITY Complete Care™ Management to back their collaborative catastrophic case management ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... ... December 01, 2015 , ... Nurotron Biotechnology Co., Ltd., maker of cochlear implant ... , The order will be from the China Disabled Persons’ Federation, a central ... an effective solution for children and adults suffering from severe and profound hearing ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... ... November 30, 2015 , ... ... and Brooke Bennett are collaborating with brands across various categories through traditional and ... figures make up an elite group of Gold Medal Moms who can connect ...
(Date:11/30/2015)... Garden City, NY (PRWEB) , ... December 01, ... ... (NAPW) honors Dale Jones as a 2015-2016 inductee into its ... for leadership in education. NAPW is the nation’s leading networking organization exclusively for ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/1/2015)... 2015  Today, AmerisourceBergen, a global ... a first-of-its-kind population health management program focused on ... to be built into existing employer benefit packages, ... for their care and explains how to avoid ... to help patients understand their treatment options and ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... 1, 2015  The migration to value-based care ... care plans that help patients stay healthy and ... be digitally enabled, incorporate care guidelines and be ... They will also allow all stakeholders to collaborate ... is optimal. That is the vision, however, research ...
(Date:12/1/2015)... WASHINGTON and TELTOW, Germany ... SensoMotoric Instruments (SMI) , a leading global manufacturer of ... RightEye LLC has included SMI remote eye trackers ... that help healthcare providers assess concussions, eye sight, and ... SMI RED -oem technology is part of SMI,s mass-market-ready ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: