Navigation Links
Physical fitness associated with less pronounced effect of sedentary behavior
Date:7/14/2014

ATLANTA July 14, 2014 Physical fitness may buffer some of the adverse health effects of too much sitting, according to a new study by researchers from the American Cancer Society, The Cooper Institute, and the University of Texas. The study appears in the journal Mayo Clinic Proceedings, and finds the association between prolonged sedentary time and obesity and blood markers associated with cardiovascular disease is markedly less pronounced when taking fitness into account.

Sedentary behavior has been linked to an increase risk of obesity, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, some cancers, and premature death. But previous studies of the association have not taken into account the protective impact of fitness, a strong predictor of cardiovascular disease incidence and mortality.

For the current study, researchers led by Kerem Shuval, Ph.D., of the American Cancer Society, examined the association of sedentary behavior, physical activity, and fitness to obesity and metabolic biomarkers among 1304 men seen at the Cooper Clinic in Dallas, Texas between 1981 and 2012. Sedentary time was composed of self-reported television viewing time and time spent in a car self-reported on a 1982 survey. Fitness was determined by a treadmill test during the medical examination at clinic visits.

The study showed that more sedentary time was significantly associated with higher levels of systolic blood pressure, and total cholesterol and triglycerides, as well as lower levels of HDL, the "good" cholesterol. It was also associated with BMI, waist circumference, and body fat percentage. But when researchers controlled for fitness, they found prolonged sedentary time was only significantly associated with a higher triglyceride/HDL cholesterol ratio (an indicator of insulin resistance). Sedentary time was not associated with metabolic syndrome (a clustering of risk factors). In comparison, higher fitness levels were associated with reduced adiposity and metabolic measures.

The authors say interpretation of their study's findings should be tempered by its limitations. For example, sedentary behavior was based on self-report at one point in time, whereas fitness was assessed objectively during clinic visits.

"[A]lthough our findings suggest the need to encourage achieving higher levels of fitness through meeting physical activity guidelines to decrease metabolic risk," they conclude, "the effects of reducing sedentary time on cardiometabolic risk biomarkers warrant further longitudinal exploration using objective measurement."


'/>"/>

Contact: David Sampson
david.sampson@cancer.org
American Cancer Society
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Spine Team Texas’ Physical Therapists Complete The McKenzie Method Training and Certification
2. Go play outside! Outdoor time promotes physical activity in youth
3. Physical fitness level affects kidney function in type 2 diabetes
4. Improving academic performance with physical fitness
5. Cover the bases: Sports physicals are no substitute for comprehensive checkups
6. Brain signals link physical fitness to better language skills in kids
7. Seniors who exercise regularly experience less physical decline as they age
8. Dialysis patients anxiety and depression linked to physical impairments
9. Virtual pet leads to increase physical activity for kids, UGA research says
10. Vanderbilt study finds physical signs of depression common among ICU survivors
11. Midlife occupational and leisure-time physical activity limits mobility in old age
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/5/2016)... ... December 05, 2016 , ... As renowned, board-certified dermatologists, Dr. Sabrina G. Fabi ... patients who do not do their research and undergo cosmetic dermatology treatments from unqualified ... midst of a renaissance and every other month a new treatment or device is ...
(Date:12/5/2016)... ... December 05, 2016 , ... ... CardioQuick Patch® significantly improves the reproducibility and accuracy of placing precordial electrodes with ... , Over the last 60 years, studies have shown that single electrode ...
(Date:12/4/2016)... ... ... James Earl Jones is known for myriad roles on stage and screen, he has ... the forthcoming episodes examines mammogram techniques; a very important part of preventative medicine. , ... detection. Like any other disease, treatments have a much higher chance of success if ...
(Date:12/4/2016)... ... December 04, 2016 , ... Patients who wish to gain ... of a cosmetic procedure known as Carbon Dioxide (C02) Fractional Laser Resurfacing ... age spots, fine lines, uneven coloration, wrinkles, scarring, skin laxity or textural ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... 02, 2016 , ... Lori G. Cohen and Sara K. ... at the American Conference Institute’s 21st Drug & Medical Device Litigation Conference , ... of the conference. , Cohen, who chairs the firm’s Pharmaceutical, Medical Device & Health ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/5/2016)... , December 5, 2016 PharmaBoardroom today releases ... . ... This report offers companies, investors, policymakers, and stakeholders crucial insight ... of Europe , home to some of the world,s ... pharmaceutical companies in Novartis and Roche, and with a number one ranking ...
(Date:12/5/2016)... and TAIPEI, Taiwan , Dec. 5, 2016 ... treatment ropeginterferon alfa-2b showed non-inferiority to hydroxyurea (HU) in Complete ... better safety and tolerability profile of ropeginterferon alfa-2b versus HU ... and the ongoing long-term follow-up trial CONTINUATION-PV to obtain European ... intends to present this data to the FDA as it ...
(Date:12/4/2016)... Attorney General of Louisiana , Charles ... firm of Kahn Swick & Foti, LLC ("KSF"), announces that ... LCI ). On November 3, ... in Generic-Drug Probe to Be Filed by Year-End," which reported ... two years ago, now spans more than a dozen companies," ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: