Navigation Links
Physical fitness associated with less pronounced effect of sedentary behavior

ATLANTA July 14, 2014 Physical fitness may buffer some of the adverse health effects of too much sitting, according to a new study by researchers from the American Cancer Society, The Cooper Institute, and the University of Texas. The study appears in the journal Mayo Clinic Proceedings, and finds the association between prolonged sedentary time and obesity and blood markers associated with cardiovascular disease is markedly less pronounced when taking fitness into account.

Sedentary behavior has been linked to an increase risk of obesity, metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, some cancers, and premature death. But previous studies of the association have not taken into account the protective impact of fitness, a strong predictor of cardiovascular disease incidence and mortality.

For the current study, researchers led by Kerem Shuval, Ph.D., of the American Cancer Society, examined the association of sedentary behavior, physical activity, and fitness to obesity and metabolic biomarkers among 1304 men seen at the Cooper Clinic in Dallas, Texas between 1981 and 2012. Sedentary time was composed of self-reported television viewing time and time spent in a car self-reported on a 1982 survey. Fitness was determined by a treadmill test during the medical examination at clinic visits.

The study showed that more sedentary time was significantly associated with higher levels of systolic blood pressure, and total cholesterol and triglycerides, as well as lower levels of HDL, the "good" cholesterol. It was also associated with BMI, waist circumference, and body fat percentage. But when researchers controlled for fitness, they found prolonged sedentary time was only significantly associated with a higher triglyceride/HDL cholesterol ratio (an indicator of insulin resistance). Sedentary time was not associated with metabolic syndrome (a clustering of risk factors). In comparison, higher fitness levels were associated with reduced adiposity and metabolic measures.

The authors say interpretation of their study's findings should be tempered by its limitations. For example, sedentary behavior was based on self-report at one point in time, whereas fitness was assessed objectively during clinic visits.

"[A]lthough our findings suggest the need to encourage achieving higher levels of fitness through meeting physical activity guidelines to decrease metabolic risk," they conclude, "the effects of reducing sedentary time on cardiometabolic risk biomarkers warrant further longitudinal exploration using objective measurement."


Contact: David Sampson
American Cancer Society

Related medicine news :

1. Spine Team Texas’ Physical Therapists Complete The McKenzie Method Training and Certification
2. Go play outside! Outdoor time promotes physical activity in youth
3. Physical fitness level affects kidney function in type 2 diabetes
4. Improving academic performance with physical fitness
5. Cover the bases: Sports physicals are no substitute for comprehensive checkups
6. Brain signals link physical fitness to better language skills in kids
7. Seniors who exercise regularly experience less physical decline as they age
8. Dialysis patients anxiety and depression linked to physical impairments
9. Virtual pet leads to increase physical activity for kids, UGA research says
10. Vanderbilt study finds physical signs of depression common among ICU survivors
11. Midlife occupational and leisure-time physical activity limits mobility in old age
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/29/2015)... ... , ... Key Housing, a top-rated corporate housing service for the San Jose ... Epic. In showcasing this featured apartment community in San Jose, Key Housing is helping ... efficiently find housing suitable to their needs by showcasing quality housing. , “San Jose ...
(Date:11/28/2015)... ... November 28, 2015 , ... Trying to relax on a ... COUCH BUDDY. "I conceived of this design due to personal experience with a bad ... It promotes relaxation and convenience, as well as increases support. It also makes it ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... ... There is only one major question facing all law firms in the ... has not been an easy question to answer. Especially when the senior partners and ... don’t share the same discipline around working long hours. , In addition to ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... According to an article ... the way that they are handling security in light of the recent terrorist attacks ... in an attempt to stop an attack from reaching U.S. soil. Especially around special ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... a safe and convenient way to dispense prescription medications at home, so he ... effective way to monitor and dispense prescription medications. In doing so, it could ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... -- Research and Markets ( ) has announced ... by Type (Dressings, Therapy Devices, Active Wound Care), Application ... and Geography - Global Forecast to 2020" report ... --> The purpose of this report is ... global advanced wound care market. It involves deep dive ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... , November 26, 2015 ... --> adds "Global Repaglinide ... "Investigation Report on China Repaglinide Market, ... forecasts data and information to its ... . --> ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... , Nov. 26, 2015 Research ... addition of the "2016 Future Horizons and ... (TDM) Market: Supplier Shares, Country Segment Forecasts, Competitive ... --> --> ... analysis of the Italian therapeutic drug monitoring market, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: