Navigation Links
Personalized brain mapping technique preserves function following brain tumor surgery
Date:4/1/2013

PHILADELPHIA - Neurosurgeons can visualize important pathways in the brain using an imaging technique called diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), to better adapt brain tumor surgeries and preserve language, visual and motor function while removing cancerous tissue. In the latest issue of Neurosurgical Focus, researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania review research showing that this ability to visualize relevant white matter tracts during glioma resection surgeries can improve accuracy and, in some groups, significantly extend survival (median survival of 21.2 months) compared to cases where DTI was not used (median survival of 14 months).

"We can view the brain from the inside out now, with 3D images detailing connectivity within the brain, making a virtual intraoperative map," said senior author Steven Brem, MD, professor of Neurosurgery, chief of the Division of Neurosurgical Oncology and co-director of the Penn Brain Tumor Center. "Penn is at the forefront of a major shift in the field - we now have such detail about each individual's brain tumor - combining diffusion tensor imaging and advanced imaging with the entire personalized diagnostics analysis available for all brain tumor patients at Penn Medicine."

Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) provides a rendering of axon pathways, by tracking water molecules in the brain as they travel in a direction parallel to axonal fibers, in a 3D model known as "the diffusion tensor." The diffusion tensor directly represents the direction of water and indirectly represents the orientation of white matter fibers. The colorful images, captured as part of an 8 minute sequence during an MRI, show representations of clusters of axon fibers, where each color indicates a direction of travel, and offer a glimpse of the interwoven communication superhighways of the brain.

"The DTI images can be overlaid with structural and functional MRI images, providing a hybrid map showing topography layered with a road map," said Neurosurgery resident Kalil Abdullah, MD, lead author of the paper. "This rendering gives us increased clarity to visualize important white matter tracts in the brain and adapt our surgical approaches to each person's case. Rather than focusing on solely taking the tumor out, we can avoid damage to healthy tissue and preserve important pathways responsible for speech, vision and motor function. "

Relying heavily on the expertise of radiologists who process and analyze the DTI images, including Ronald L. Wolf, MD, PhD, associate professor of Radiology at Penn, the research on DTI is being translated into clinical practice to guide surgical procedures. Further research efforts are targeted at defining language deficits before surgery and following-up post-operatively to determine any changes or improvements following treatment based on the use of DTI.

Working collaboratively with colleagues in Penn's departments of Neurosurgery, Neurology, Radiology, Radiation Oncology, Nursing, Pathology and Laboratory Medicine and the Abramson Cancer Center, the Penn Brain Tumor Center combines the latest imaging, biomarker and genetic tumor testing to provide a personalized treatment plan for all types of brain cancers. Brain tumors are among the first areas of interest for Penn's Center for Personalized Diagnostics (CPD), a joint initiative by Penn Medicine's Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine and the Abramson Cancer Center, which integrates Molecular Genetics, Pathology Informatics, and Genomic Pathology for individualized patient diagnoses and to elucidate cancer treatment options for physicians.


'/>"/>

Contact: Kim Menard
kim.menard@uphs.upenn.edu
215-662-6183
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Rugged iPad Case with Personalized Barcode Tracking a Blessing for Schools
2. Custom Engraved Bamboo iPhone Case Sets New Benchmark in Personalized Protection
3. Personalized plans to address barriers to HIV drug adherence boost chances of successful therapy
4. The Olive Oil Source Introduces Valentine’s Day Labels for Personalized Olive Oil and Vinegar Gifts
5. Springer launches new book series on personalized medicine
6. Personalized antiplatelet treatment improves outcome after PCI
7. New method may allow personalized clinical trial for cancer therapies
8. University of Pennsylvania and Novartis form alliance to expand use of personalized T cell cancer therapy
9. A new genre of diagnostic tests for the era of personalized medicine
10. Personalized Blood Pressure Therapy May Help Diabetics
11. Voices Against Brain Cancer Commends Andrew Bauer For Raising Awareness About Brain Cancer
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/4/2016)... ... December 03, 2016 , ... "Perfect Harmony comes with ... allowing FCPX editors to create professional looking video in a matter of minutes," ... contains a beautifully designed 3D environment for placing in personal media. Twenty pre-made ...
(Date:12/4/2016)... Aliso Viejo, California (PRWEB) , ... December 04, ... ... self-animating lower third presets that have new attractive animation styles with unique displacement ... Pro3rd Displace features 30 pre-animated lower third designs. Choose from a variety of ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... Halfway through its partnership with First 5 ... services to more than 15,900 children 5 years old and younger and treatment services ... over a span of five years to Western University of Health Sciences, UCLA and ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... 02, 2016 , ... For over twenty-four years, Doctors on Liens has published a ... find high quality medical care. When the company started in 1997, the directory was ... present day and the now ten-page directory features a vast array of medical specialists ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... ... Center for Autism and Related Disorders (CARD) Portland today announced plans to ... and other developmental disabilities. The group, which is being launched with the help of ... to share stories and advice, seek help, and continue their education on how to ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/2/2016)... December 2, 2016 On Thursday, ... honored excellence in research, development and innovation in the ... dinner was held in the presence of Sergey Tsyb, ... Russian Federation , Natalia Sanina, First Vice ... Murashko , Head of Roszdravnadzor, National Service of Control ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... Columbia , December 2, 2016 bioLytical Laboratories, ... INSTI HIV-Selbsttest, bei den Mitgliedern des Apothekenbundes von Kenia eingeführt. ... ... INSTI HIV Self Test! (PRNewsFoto/bioLytical Laboratories) ...      (Photo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20161201/444905 ) ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... 2, 2016 Lianluo Smart Limited (Nasdaq: ... Company") which develops, markets and sells medical devices ... China and international markets, recently attended ... Treatment New Progress Forum, co-hosted by the Institute ... , Guangdong Provincial People,s Hospital and Cardiology ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: