Navigation Links
Personality study shows risk of first depression episode late in life
Date:4/11/2008

Even after the age of 70, people prone to feelings of anxiety, worry, distress and insecurity face a risk for a first lifetime episode of clinically significant depression, according to a unique study led by a University of Rochester Medical Center researcher.

We assume that because depression has not developed for people with these personality traits by the age of 70 that it wont develop, said Paul R. Duberstein, Ph.D., professor of psychiatry who led the study. But even in older adulthood, these traits confer risk. Presumably something about aging helps take down the faade or destroys the protective sheath that has kept them from significant depression.

The findings from the prospective study, the first of its kind, are published in the May issue of the journal Psychological Medicine.

Having a working-class background also may place older adults at heightened risk for depression, particularly prior to the age of 80, the study found. Consistent with previous research, women were found to be at greater risk than men. The study enhances the understanding of late-life depression and could aid in the identification and treatment of people at risk.

The findings suggest that long-standing personality traits can predict onset of depression into older adulthood, said Duberstein, who is director of the Laboratory of Personality and Development at the Medical Center.

The researchers utilized data from a multi-disciplinary study of 70-year-old residents of Gteborg, Sweden, that began in 1971 to gain a greater understanding of aging and age-related disorders.

Because most people in Sweden receive their health care through a public health system, the study had access to decades of medical records. Data collection also involved physical and mental health examinations and a social assessment. After the initial test, participants were examined over a 15-year period at the ages of 75, 79, 81, 83 and 85.

For the current study, researchers eliminated people at age 70 with dementia and other psychiatric disorders. In all, the records of 275 people were analyzed. There were 59 cases of first lifetime episodes of depression after the age of 70.

Although we are aware of no research on how people who are highly distress prone manage to stave off clinically significant depression, protective factors might play a role, the study authors state. Candidate protective factors include close personal relationships, rewarding occupations or meaningful hobbies, physical vigor and vitality, economic independence, and spiritual well-being. Processes related to aging might inexorably erode some of these protective factors.

The researchers urge more study of the relationships between personality, age and first lifetime episodes of depression.

This is a particularly important issue for older men, given their high suicide rate in many Western countries, and the observation that they often take their lives in the midst of a first lifetime episode of depression, the researchers state.


'/>"/>

Contact: Michael Wentzel
Michael_Wentzel@urmc.rochester.edu
585-275-1309
University of Rochester Medical Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. TV Personality and Best-Selling Author Jenny McCarthy Comes to Detroit to Share Her Story of the Struggles and Triumphs of Raising Her Son, Evan, During a Day-Long Autism Workshop
2. Personality Traits Dont Affect Breast Cancer Risk
3. Your personality type influences how much self-control you have
4. Preschoolers nightmares less prevalent, are trait-like and associated with personality
5. Scientists identify brain abnormalities underlying key element of borderline personality disorder
6. Is Your Yoga Mat Lacking Personality?
7. Can shopping behavior indicate personality type?
8. L.A. Author, TV Personality and Substance Abuse Specialist Discusses Struggle to Break Bad-girl Syndrome Oct. 26-28 in Baltimore
9. The Personality of a Smile
10. Entrepreneur and TV Personality Bill Rancic to Host Mens Health Chicago Urbanathlon on October 20, 2007
11. 3T MRI plays significant role in detecting prostate cancer, study says
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/12/2016)... , ... February 12, 2016 , ... Healthcare careers in ... five most searched jobs via the website of healthcare staffing leader Aureus Medical Group ... travel nurse jobs , travel therapy positions and in travel and direct ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... ... growth in the field of long term care. With that, says Patrick Loughney, ... healthcare professionals in administrative roles in long term care environments. His company, which ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 12, 2016 , ... Basketball is ... and integral part of the Peety PoppersTM series, sign language translation is featured in ... of health and wellness in Peety PoppersTM lessons has a sign language translator to ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 12, 2016 , ... With the exception of restorative dentistry, to ... dental decay. With the recent approval by the FDA, there is a now a ... to fluoride varnish, SDF is very simple and quick to apply. The application is ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... ... Fitbody Personal Training offers outdoor training classes which includes an equestrian boot camp ... Located in Phoenixville, PA, the classes are structured as fun and friendly. , Fitbody ... to lose weight and tone up. This class offers a balance of exercises which ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/12/2016)... , Feb. 12, 2016  Innophos Holdings, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... specialty ingredients, today announced that it will host a live ... ET to discuss its fourth quarter and full year 2015 ... The press release detailing fourth quarter and full year results ... close. --> --> ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... , February 12, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... nicht anders vermerkt)   http://www.sedar.com ... http://www.telestatherapeutics.com abrufbar.    --> ... des Unternehmens http://www.telestatherapeutics.com abrufbar.    ... (TSX:TST; PNK:BNHLF) veröffentlichte heute seinen Konzernabschluss des ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... Calif. , Feb. 12, 2016  SI-BONE, Inc., a medical ... ® ("iFuse"), a minimally invasive surgical (MIS) device indicated for ... National Government Services, Inc. (NGS), the Medicare Administrative Contractor (MAC) covering ... , Maine , Massachusetts ... , New York , Rhode Island ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: