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People with diabetes are at higher risk of atrial fibrillation
Date:4/22/2010

As the U.S. population keeps aging and gaining weight, diabetes is becoming increasingly common. Some research has associated diabetes with the most common kind of chronically irregular heartbeat, called atrial fibrillation, which can raise the risk for stroke and death. But results of past studies of diabetes and atrial fibrillation have conflicted. Now in the Journal of General Internal Medicine Dr. Sascha Dublin of Group Health Research Institute has linked diabetes to a 40 percent greater risk of developing atrial fibrillation; and she found this risk rises even higher the longer people have diabetes and the less controlled their blood sugar is.

For three years, Dr. Dublin and her colleagues tracked more than 1,400 Group Health patients who had newly recognized atrial fibrillation. They compared these "cases" with more than 2,200 "controls." The controls were matched to the cases by age, sex, year, and whether they were treated for high blood pressure; but unlike the cases, they had no atrial fibrillation.

Dr. Dublin's study was the first to examine the relationship between atrial fibrillation and the duration of patients' diabetes and their blood sugar levels. Unlike most prior studies, this one also adjusted for patients' weight, which is important because both diabetes and atrial fibrillation are more common in heavier people. Here is what she found:

  • Patients with diabetes were 40 percent more likely to be diagnosed with atrial fibrillation than were people without diabetes.
  • The risk of atrial fibrillation rose by 3 percent for each additional year that patients had diabetes.
  • For patients with high blood sugar (glycosylated hemoglobin, also known as HBA1c more than 9 percent), the risk of atrial fibrillation was twice that for people without diabetes.
  • But patients with well-controlled diabetes (HBA1c 7 percent or less) were about equally likely to have atrial fibrillation as people without d
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Contact: Joan DeClaire
declaire.j@ghc.org
206-287-2653
Group Health Research Institute
Source:Eurekalert

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